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研究生:葉柏廷
研究生(外文):Po-Ting Yeh
論文名稱:整合投影特徵於三維模型檢索系統
論文名稱(外文):A 3D Model Retrieval Approach Based on the Combination of Projected Features
指導教授:石昭玲
指導教授(外文):Jau-Ling Shih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:三維模型檢索系統三維模型模型擺正深度投影曲率投影徑度投影角度投影
外文關鍵詞:3D model retrieval3D model alignmentelevation descriptorcurvature descriptorradial descriptorangle projection
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隨著網際網路的迅速發展,使得3D模型在網路上供使用者存取的數量不斷的增加,因此需要一個有效的搜尋系統來幫助人們找到他們所要的3D資料。對於3D模型資料庫的管理,首先要建立一個有效率的分類及搜尋方法,而捨棄傳統以文字為檢索依據的方法。目前以3D模型本身的內容(content)為檢索依據的搜尋方式是3D模型資料庫管理上的最佳利器。因此如何建立一個有效的3D模型搜尋系統,讓使用者可以利用此一系統快速地找到在大型3D模型資料庫中符合使用者個人期待的相似3D模型,是本篇論文首要目標。
在本論文中提出了不同性質的投影特徵與其個別的衍生投影(derivative descriptor)特徵,以及3D模型資料庫的搜尋系統。因此本系統包含兩個部分,分別為特徵擷取和3D模型檢索。在特徵擷取的部分,提出了四種不同的投影特徵,其中包括了深度投影(elevation descriptor)、曲率投影(curvature descriptor)、徑度投影(radial descriptor)以及角度投影 (angle descriptor),並取其個別特徵的投影圖來擷取衍生投影特徵,將這八種不同性質的投影特徵結合,來使得搜尋系統更加的完整。而在搜尋的部份,可利用特徵向量在資料庫中找出與使用者想搜尋的3D模型相似度較高的模型回應給使用者。

The advances in 3D data acquisition, graphics hardware, and 3D data modeling and visualizing techniques have led to the proliferation of 3D models. The searching for specific 3D models becomes an important issue. Techniques for effective and efficient content-based 3D model retrieval have therefore become an essential research topic. In this thesis, eight projected shape features include elevation descriptor, curvature descriptor, radial descriptor, angle descriptor and their derivative descriptors will be used for 3D model retrieval. In order to get a better retrieval result, Dynamic Multi-Descriptor Fusion (DMDF) is used to combine these projected shape features. Experimental results show the proposed methods produce good performances.
摘要...........................................................................i
Abstract.....................................................................ii
致謝.........................................................................iii
Contents.....................................................................iv
List of Tables...............................................................vi
List of Figures............................................................viii
Chapter 1.....................................................................1
Introduction..................................................................1
Chapter 2.....................................................................3
Related Work..................................................................3
2.1 View Based Methods........................................................3
2.1.1 Description with 2D Silhouette Contours.................................3
2.1.2 Lightfield Descriptor...................................................3
2.1.3 Principal Plane Analysis Descriptor.....................................4
2.1.4 Optimal Selection of 2D Views...........................................5
2.1.5 Grid Sphere and Dodecahedron............................................6
2.1.6 Depth Information Descriptor with DFT...................................6
2.1.7 Elevation Descriptor....................................................7
2.1.8 Curvature Maps Descriptor...............................................8
2.1.9 Principal Plane Descriptor..............................................8
2.1.10 The Spherical Trace Transform..........................................9
2.1.11 2D Depth Image Descriptor.............................................10
2.1.12 Shape Impact Descriptor...............................................11
2.1.13 Panoramic Views.......................................................12
2.1.14 Spatial Structure Circular Descriptor.................................12
2.1.15 Combination of PCA Plane Projections..................................13
2.2 Spatial Shape Feature Based Methods......................................14
2.2.1 Geometric Descriptor...................................................14
2.2.2 Cord-Based Descriptor..................................................15
2.2.3 Surface Penetration Map Descriptor.....................................15
2.2.4 Shape Histogram........................................................15
2.1.5 Shape Distribution.....................................................15
2.1.6 Extended D2 Descriptor.................................................16
2.1.7 Parameterized Statistics...............................................16
2.2.8 Grid D2 Descriptor.....................................................17
2.2.9 Surflet-Pair-Relation Histograms.......................................17
2.2.10 Shape Spectrum Descriptor.............................................18
2.2.11 Combined Angle and Distance Descriptor................................19
2.2.12 Distance Descriptor...................................................20
2.2.13 Sliced Histogram......................................................20
2.2.14 Probability Density-Based Shape Descriptor............................21
2.3 Frequency Based Methods..................................................22
2.3.1 Ray-Based Sampling with Spherical Harmonics Representation.............23
2.3.2 3D Zernike Moments.....................................................24
2.3.3 Rotation Descriptor....................................................24
2.3.4 The Concrete Radialized Spherical Projection Representation............25
Chapter 3....................................................................26
The Proposed Method for 3D Model Retrieval...................................26
3.1 Pre-Processing...........................................................26
3.1.1 3D model Normalization.................................................26
3.1.2 Alignment of 3D model..................................................27
3.2 The Projected Feature....................................................28
3.2.1 The Elevation Projection...............................................28
3.2.2 The Curvature Projection...............................................29
3.2.3 The Radial Distance Projection.........................................31
3.2.4 The Angle Projection...................................................32
3.2.5 The Derivative Projection..............................................34
3.2.6 Angular Radial Transformation..........................................36
3.3 The Feature Combination..................................................37
3.3.1 Feature Normalization..................................................37
3.3.2 Similarity Measurement.................................................38
3.3.3 Feature Combination Using Dynamic Multi-Descriptor Fusion(DMDF)........41
Chapter 4....................................................................42
Experimental result..........................................................42
4.1 Experiments on the First Database, the PSB Database......................43
4.2 Experiments on the Second Database, the ESB Database.....................49
4.3 Experiments on the Third Database, the SHREC-W Database..................53
4.4 Experiments on the Fourth Database, the NIST Database....................56
Chapter 5....................................................................59
Conclusion...................................................................59
Reference....................................................................60
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