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研究生:吳英哲
研究生(外文):Wu,Ying-Je
論文名稱:可撓式ITO基板製作之葉綠素染料敏化太陽能電池製程及特性研究
論文名稱(外文):Fabrication Process and Characteristic Analysis of Chlorophyll–Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC)on ITO–Based Plastic Substrate
指導教授:林君明林君明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin,Jium-Ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:電解液染料敏化太陽能電池葉綠素
外文關鍵詞:electrolytedye-sensitized solar cellschlorophyll
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本文探討以鍍有ITO透明導電膜的可撓式基板,進行染料敏化太陽能電池製作及特性分析。首先將此透明導電基板,用可溫控烘烤爐(oven)以不同時間與溫度,做低溫退火的處理,並用電性量測設備(KEITHLEY 4200)做電阻量測,再以頻譜分析儀(Jasco V-550)於350nm~900nm的波段下,做透光率量測。
文中並探討製程中,碘化鉀與碘化鋰為電解液之濃度,及封裝膠體等因素,分別對染料敏化太陽能電池效率,及對鋁箔,或ITO電極的影響,進行比較分析。獲知製作染料敏化太陽能電池的較佳方法,是用丙酮超音波萃取葉綠素60分鐘,以碘化鉀與碘之比例為10:1之電解液,及氰基丙烯酸乙酯之封裝材料。而組裝完成之葉綠素染料電池,經過八種波長光源測試,發現對紅光與藍紫波段的光線,吸收效率較佳。

In this paper we use deposited ITO transparent conductive films as flexible substrates to make dye-sensitized solar cells and analysis. The processes of fabrication are as follows: First, placing the flexible substrates in the oven with different times and temperatures for low temperature annealing. Then measuring both the resistance by KEITHLEY 4200 and transmittance by spectrum analyzer(Jasco V-550)in the 350nm~900nm wavelength.

The next is to analyze KI, LiI electrolyte concentration, and encapsulated colloidal to the efficiency of the dye-sensitized solar cells, as well as the impact on the aluminum foil and ITO electrode. The chlorophyll is firstly dissolved in acetone and then extracted by ultrasonic vibration for 60 minutes. The better performance is with electrolyte concentration as KI: I = 10: 1, and using ethyl cyanoacrylate as packaging materials. After testing by eight bands of light, we found the performance of the accomplished chlorophyll dye-sensitized solar cells is more efficient in the red and/or blue-purple bands.

中文摘要............................i
Abstract...........................ii
致謝...............................iii
目錄...............................iv
表目錄.............................vii
圖目錄.............................ix
第一章 緒論.........................1
1.1前言............................1
1.2研究動機........................2
1.3太陽能電池種類...................3
1.4論文架構........................5
第二章 理論原理與文獻回顧............6
2.1太陽能電池......................6
2.2染料敏化太陽能電池...............9
2.3 ITO介紹.......................12
2.4二氧化鈦........................14
2.5染料...........................19
2.6電解液.........................23
2.7萃取...........................25
2.8鋁電極.........................26
第三章 實 驗 方 法 與 設 備........27
3.1 實驗方法......................27
3.1.1萃取方法......................27
3.1.2電解液的材料及濃度比較..........29
3.1.3 TiO2奈米膠體溶液製備..........31
3.1.4 製作TiO2 薄膜電極.............32
3.1.5 添加色素於TiO2 薄膜電極表面.....33
3.1.6 組裝TiO2 奈米薄膜太陽電池.......34
3.2 實驗設備........................35
3.2.1 可控溫烤箱設備(Oven)............35
3.2.2 電性量測設備(KEITHLEY 4200).....36
3.2.3 網印設備........................38
3.2.4 精密電子秤(XS-625M-SCS)........39
3.2.5 超音波振盪器(proskit ss802).....40
3.2.6 頻譜分析儀(Jasco V-550).........41
3.3材 料...............................42
第四章結果與討論........................43
4.1 ITO基板測試........................43
4.1.1退火後的透光度量測.................48
4.2 ITO透明導電膜退火..................69
4.2.1第一次ITO薄膜退火..................69
4.2.2第二次ITO薄膜退火..................73
4.2.3第三次ITO薄膜退火..................77
4.3 葉綠素DSSC對不同波段光源的反應.......84
4.4 TiO2電極浸泡於葉綠素染料............85
4.5 不同比例之電解液....................86
4.6 萃取葉綠素..........................89
4.7 製作大尺寸DSSC......................91
4.8 封裝膠體比較.........................93
4.9 多種植物之葉綠素比較..................95
4.10 串聯DSSC...........................97
第五章 結論及建議.........................99
5.1結論..................................99
5.2建議..................................100
參考文獻..................................101


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