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研究生:張傑
論文名稱:智慧型視訊監控技術及RFID技術在停車場犯罪偵查上的創新應用
論文名稱(外文):An Innovation Application of RFID Techniques to Parking Lot Crime Investigation
指導教授:鄧少華、林曾祥
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:資訊管理研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:非接觸式智慧卡智慧型視訊監控系統無線射頻辨識系統車牌辨識系統資料探勘
外文關鍵詞:Contactless Smart CardIntelligent Video Surveillance SystemRadio FrequencyIdentificationlicense Plate Recognition System Datamining
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摘 要
2010年震驚全國之台北101大樓地下停車場擄人劫財強案,在警方天羅地網系統下發揮其功效,犯罪工具喜美汽車行駛、停放之軌跡,在以車追人下立即偵破,繼而日前又發生台南新光三越停車場強盜一案,其類似案件勢必會在發生。若就此能將各停車場全面導入智慧型視訊監控系統並與悠遊卡結合相應用,當持卡人刷卡進入停車場時,系統同步錄下車輛相關資訊包括車牌、車廠、顏色及乘車人數等影像並記錄非接觸式智慧卡基碼ID於資料庫中,刷卡離開時系統比對其是否與進入停車場時資料一致性,不符時系統警示並立即判別資訊若有異不予放行並警通知警衛人員處理,其所建置之資料可整合至警政系統交叉分析比對,可作為事前預防、事後調查功能之綜效。
隨著「一卡通用、多卡相容」票證之整合且又擴增悠遊卡使用範圍,大大提升其使用綜效,使得非接觸式智慧卡與智慧型視訊監控系統結合之應用,可繼通聯記錄外成為辦案重要之工具。
Abstract
The shocking robbery happened in the underground parking space of “Taipei 101”in Taiwan in 2010. Under the “Sky net”, the system had devoted itself to the criminal investigation. Therefore, the trails of parking and transporting about the “Honda” vehicle can be found out by means of pursuing that criminal tool. Besides, the robbery of the parking space was still happened in “Shin Kong Mitsukoshi” in Tainan City recently. I believe the resembling case will be occurred again. If we can combine the “Easycard” and “Intelligent Video Surveillance System”in every parking space, we are able to make its greatest effect. When the card holder takes it and enters into the parking space, the system will record the relevant information, including the memory of the brand, producer, color, and the number of passengers. At the same time, it can also record the fundamental code “Contactless Smart Card”in the data base. In addition, when the holder wants to leave away, the system will check the information of entrance whether it is true or not. If there is something wrong in checking the relevant information, the system will refuse to make it pass through and inform the security guard or police instantly. Moreover, the information which the system builds can combine the police management system. This combination can result in the effect of cross-analyses, and can functionalize as the prevention in advance and the investigation of hindsight.
As the combining of tickets “Only One Card, Many Mixed Functions” and increasing range of easycard usage, it empowers the effect and benefit. Besides, it can put“Contactless Smart Card” and “Intelligent Video Surveillance System” together. At last but not least, it will become the important tool of investigation except the communication record.
目 錄
第一章 緒論.................... 1
1.1 研究動機與問題描述....... 1
1.2 研究概況............... 5
1.3 研究範圍與研究限制........ 11
1.4 研究流程與研究架構........ 11
1.5 本研究之貢獻............. 13
1.6 論文章節架構............. 13
第二章 文獻探討................ 14
2.1 影像監視系統................. 14
2.2 智慧型視訊監控技術.......... 14
2.2.1 智慧型影像處理分類系統..... 16
2.1.2 IBM S3 (IBM Smart Surveillance
System)................. 16
2.2.3 車牌辨識系統.............. 18
2.3 無線射頻辨識系統(RFID)...... 19
2.4 智慧卡...................  21
2.5 國內外電子票證系統.......... 22
2.5.1 國內現況................. 22
2.5.2 國外部份................. 31
2.6 資料探勘................... 34
2.7 刑案知識庫.................. 35
第三章 新的解決方案............. 37
3.1 環境架構描述................ 37
3.2 系統軟、硬體架構及說明....... 37
3.3 應用軟體架構說明............ 38
3.3.1 功能結構................. 38
3.3.2 功能描述................. 39
3.3.3 異常事件過濾規則描述....... 39
3.4 系統分析-EA UML............ 42
3.5 雛形系統建構及展示.......... 45
3.5.1 硬體規格.................. 45
3.5.2 軟體規格.................. 45
3.5.3 雛型展示.................. 45
第四章 結 論................... 47
4.1 未來研究方向 ................47
參考文獻 ........................48
附錄一 北三都【新型數位式監錄系統】建置情形比較表............................ 50
附錄二 VISUAL C#函式............ 51
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