(54.236.62.49) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/08 02:14
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:許朝翔
研究生(外文):Hsu, Chao-Hsiang
論文名稱:組織政治知覺、組織正義與職場友誼關係之研究-以台資跨國企業員工為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Relationship among Perceptions of Organizational Politics, Organizational Justice and Employees’ Workplace Friendship-An Empirical Study from a Taiwanese Transnational Corporation Employees
指導教授:楊豐華楊豐華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, Feng-Hua
口試委員:謝錦堂吳孟玲
口試委員(外文):Shie, Jin-TangWu, Meng-Ling
口試日期:2010-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:國際企業管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:組織政治知覺組織正義職場友誼
外文關鍵詞:perceptions of organizational politicsorganizational justiceemployees’ workplace friendship
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
  • 點閱點閱:282
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
本研究試圖探索透過組織正義為中介變項,包括了分配正義、程序正義與互動正義,來影響組織政治知覺與職場友誼之間的關係。研究數據資料包含266個上海國泰人壽保險的員工,如同假設一般,研究結果是被支持的,表明了(1)組織政治知覺對組織正義有負向影響(2)組織正義對職場友誼有負向影響(3)組織正義完全中介影響了組織政治知覺和職場友誼的關係,而管理意涵及未來研究建議將在結論中討論。
This study attempts to explore through the mediator of organizational justice which include distributive justice, procedural justice and interactional justice how to af-fect the relationship among perceptions of organizational politics and employees’ work-place friendship. Several hypotheses are developed and tested on data that were col-lected from 266 employee in Cathay Life Insurance of Shanghai. Results indicated that (1)perceptions of organizational politics negative affect organizational justice. (2) Or-ganizational justice positive affects employees’ workplace friendship. (3)The negative effects of perceptions of organizational politics on employees’ workplace friendship were fully mediated by organizational justice. Implications for further research and merger management are discussed
中文摘要 ....................... iii
英文摘要 ....................... iv
誌謝辭  ....................... v
內容目錄 ....................... vi
表目錄  ...................... viii
圖目錄  ...................... ix
第一章  緒論.................... 1
  第一節  研究背景與動機............. 1
  第二節  研究問題與目的............. 3
第二章  文獻回顧.................. 4
  第一節  組織政治知覺.............. 4
  第二節  組織正義................ 10
  第三節  職場友誼................ 20
第三章  研究方法.................. 24
  第一節  研究架構................ 24
第二節  研究假說................ 25
  第三節  操作型定義與衡量工具.......... 27
  第四節  問卷設計................ 32
  第五節  資料蒐集................ 33
第六節 資料分析方法.............. 33
第四章 資料分析.................. 38
第一節 敘述性統計............... 38
第二節 信度與效度分析............. 46
第三節 結構方程模式.............. 58
第五章 結論與建議................... 67
第一節 研究結論.................. 67
第二節 研究意涵.................. 67
第三節 管理意涵.................. 69
第四節 研究限制.................. 70
第五節 後續研究與建議............... 70
參考文獻 ......................... 71
附錄A 研究問卷(繁體中文)................ 86
附錄B 研究問卷(簡體中文)............... 90

表 目 錄
表 2- 1 政治定義相關研究.............. 4
表 2- 2 組織政治知覺定義相關研究.......... 6
表 4- 1 樣本結構之敘述性統計............ 39
表 4- 2 組織政治知覺構面之敘述性統計........ 41
表 4- 3 組織正義構面之敘述性統計.......... 42
表 4- 4 職場友誼構面之敘述性統計.......... 44
表 4- 5 組織政治知覺構面信度分析.......... 46
表 4- 6 組織正義構面信度分析............ 48
表 4- 7 職場友誼構面信度分析............ 49
表 4- 8 組織政治知覺驗證性因素分析......... 51
表 4- 9 組織正義驗證性因素分析........... 53
表 4-10 職場友誼驗證性因素分析........... 55
表 4-11 區別效度分析暨變數相關係數表........ 57
表 4-12 整體模型之基本配適度指標.......... 60
表 4-13 結構方程模式比較.............. 64
表 4-14 共同方法變異檢定.............. 64

圖 目 錄
圖 2- 1 組織政治知覺模型............... 9
圖 2- 2 組織正義構面發展............... 12
圖 3- 1 研究架構................... 24
圖 4- 1 本研究結構關係模式路徑圖........... 59
圖 4- 2 本研究標準化關係模式路徑分析結果....... 66

參考文獻
ㄧ、中文部份

牟鍾福(2002),國中體育教師組織正義與組織信任對組織承諾影響之研究,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所未出版之碩士論文。

吳志正(1997),策略性決策中政治行為之研究---部門整體運作模式之探討,國立成功大學企業管理研究所未出版之博士論文。

吳華春(2002),由正義知覺與關係品質的觀點探討領導者權力對員工工作投入影響之實證研究,國立國防管理學院資源管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。

李淑芬(1996),國民小學校長權力運用、教師參與決定與學校效能關聯性之研究,國立屏東師國民教育研究所未出版之碩士論文。

邱皓政(2008),量化研究與統計分析-SPSS中文視窗板資料分析範例解析,台北:五南圖書。

梁凱雯(2002),組織公平、工作自主性與互依性對觀光旅館餐飲服務員工組織公民行為之相關研究,私立世新大學觀光學系未出版之碩士論文。

郭玉芳(2003),合併公司命名決策、組織公平和組織認同之研究-
主、被併員工之觀點,國立東華大學國際企業研究所未出版之碩士論文。

許士軍(1977),工作滿足、個人特徵、組織氣候—文獻探討及實證研究,國立政治大學企業管理研究所未出版之碩士論文。

陳序維(1992),組織政治知覺與組織公平對組織承諾之關係研究—以某公營銀行為例,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所未出版之碩士在職專班碩士論文。

蕭文龍(2007),多變量分析最佳入門實用書,台北:碁峰資訊。

羅新興(2000),績效評核的程序正義之研究—探討受評者正義知覺之前因及影響,國立台灣大學商學研究所未出版之博士論文。

二、英文部份

Adams, J. S. (1965). Inquity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (ed.). Advances in experimental social psychology, (pp. 267-299). New York: Academic Press.

Alexander, S., & Ruderman, M. (1987). The role of procedural and distributive justice in organizational behavior. Social Justice Research, 1(2), 177-198.

Ambrose, M. L., & Cropanzano, R. (2003). A longitudinal analysis of organizational fairness: An examination of reactions to tenure and promotion decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(2), 266-275.

Anderson, N., De Dreu, C. K. W., & Nijstad, B. A. (2004). The routi-nization of innovation research: A constructively criticalreview of the state-of-the-science. Journal of OrganizationalBehavior, 25(2), 147–173.

Bagozzi, R. P., & Yi, Y. (1988). On the evaluation of structural equa-tion models. Academy of Marketing Science, 23(4), 272-277.

Berman, E. M., West, J. P., & Richter, M. N. (2002). Workplace rela-tions: Friendship patterns & consequence (according to manag-ers). Public Administration Review, 62(2), 217-230.

Beugre, C. D. (1996). Analyzing the effects of perceived fairness on organizationalcommitment and workplace aggression. Unpub-lished doctoral dissertation. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Tory, New York.

Bies, R. J., & Moag, J. S. (1986). Interactional justice: communication criteria of fairness. In Lewicki, R. J., Sheppard B. H. & Bazer-man M. H. (Eds.), Research in Negotiations in Organizations. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.

Boyd, N. G., & Taylor, R. R. (1998). A developmental approach to the examination of friendship in leader-follower relationships. Leadership Quarterly, 9(1), 1-25.

Carroll, G. R., & Teo, A. C. (1996). On the social networks of manag-ers. Academy of Management Review, 39(2), 421-40.

Colquitt, J. A., & Greenberg, J. (2003). Organizational justice: A fair assessment of the state of the literature. In J. Greenberg (ed.). Organizational behavior: The state of the science, (pp. 165-210). Mahwah, New Jersey: Erlbaum.

Cropanzano, R., & Greenberg, J. (1997). Progress in organizational justice: Tunneling through the maze. In C. L. Cooper & I. T. Robertson (Eds.). International review of industrial and organ-izational psychology (pp. 317-372). New York: Wiley.

Cropanzano, R., Prehar, C. A., & Chen, P. Y. (2002). Using social ex-change theory to distinguish procedural from interactional jus-tice. Group & Organization Management, 27(3), 324-351.

Cropanzano, R., Howes J. C., Grandey, A. A., & Toth, P. (1997). The relationship of organizational politics and support to work be-haviors, attitudes, and stress. Journal of Organizational Behav-ior, 18(2), 159-180.

Cropanzano, R., Rupp, D. E., Mohler, C. J., & Schminke, M. (2001). Three roads to organizational justice. In G. R. Ferris (Ed.), Re-search in personnel and human resource management, (pp. 1-113). New York: Elsevier Science.

Culbert, S. A., & McDonough, J. J. (1980). The Invision War: Pursu-ing Self at Work, New York: John Wiley.

Drory, A. (1993). Perceived political climate and job attitudes. Or-ganization Studies, 14(1), 59-71.

Farrell, D., & Petersen, J. C. (1982). Patterns of political behavior in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 7(3), 403-412.

Ferris, G. R., & Kacmar, K. M. (1992). Perceptions of organizational politics. Journal of Management, 18(1), 93-116.

Ferris, G. R., Fedor, D. B., Chachere, J. G., & Pondy, L. R. (1989). Myths and politics in organizational contexts. Group & Or-ganization Studies, 14(1), 83-103.

Ferris, G. R., Frink, D. D., Galang, M. C., & Zhou, J. (1996). Percep-tions of organizational politics: prediction, Stress-Related Im-plications, and Outcomes. Human Relations, 49(2), 233-266.

Ferris, G. R., Russ, G. S., & Fandt, P. M. (1989). Politics in Organiza-tions, in R. A. Giacalone & P. Rosenfield(eds.). Impression management in organization, pp. 159 Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50.

Folger, R. & Greenberg, J. (1985). Procedural justice: An interpreta-tive analysis of personnel systems. In K. Rowland & G. Ferris (Eds.). Research in personnel and human resources manage-ment, 3, 141-183. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.

Folger, R., & Konovsky, M. A. (1989). Effects of procedural and dis-tributive justice on reactions to pay raise decision. Academy of Management Journal, 32(1), 115-130.

Folger, R., & Cropanzano, R. (1998). Organizational justice and hu-man resource management. Thousand Oaks Californai: Sage Publications Inc.

Frances, D. H., & Sandberg, W. R. (2000). Friendship within entre-preneurial teams and its association with team and venture per-formance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(2), 5-25.

Fritz, J. H. (1997). Men’s and women’s organizational peer rela-tion-ship: A comparison. The Journal of Business Communi- cation, 34(1), 27-46.

Fryxell, G. E., & Gordon, M. E. (1989). Workplace justice and job satisfaction as predictors of satisfaction with union and man-agement. Academy of Management Journal, 32(4), 851-866.

Gerhard, V. D. B., Marijtje, A. J. V., & Tom, A. B. S. (1999). Friend-ship networks through time: An actor-oriented dynamic statisti-cal network model. Computational & Mathematical Organiza-tion Theory, 5(2), 167-192.

Gilmore, D. C., Ferris, G. R., Dulebohn, J. H., & Harrell-Cook, G. (1996). Organizational politics and employee attendance. Group & Organization Studies, 21(4), 481-495.

Glaman, J. M., Jones, A. P., & Rozelle, R. M. (1996). The effects of co-worker similarity on the emergence of affect in work teams. Group and Organization Management, 21(2), 192-215.

Grandz, J., & Murray, W. (1980). The Experience of workplace Poli-tics. Academy of Management Journal, 23(1), 237-251.

Greenberg, J., & Willis, R. (1990). Social Exchange: Advances in Theory and Research. New York: Plenum Press

Greenberg, J. (1990). Employee theft as a reaction to underpayment inequity: The hidden cost of pay cuts. Journal of Applied Psy-chology, 75(5), 561-568.

Greenberg, J. (1990). Organizational justice: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Journal of Management, 16(2), 399-432.

Greenberg, J., & Baron, R. A. (2000). Behavior Organizations (7th ed.). Upper Saddle Rivcr, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Helm, B. (2005). Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [Online]. Available: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/friendship/ [2007, July 31].

Hui, C., Law, K. S., & Chen, Z. X. (1999). A structural equation model of the effects of negative affectivity, leader-member ex-change, and perceived job mobility on in-role and extra-role performance: A Chinese case. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 77(1), 3-21

Homans, G. C. (1961). Social Behavior: Its Elementary Forms. Hart-court. New York: Brace and World

Hoyle, R. H. (1995). Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications. Newbury Park, California: Sage.

Jehn, K. A., & Shah, P. P. (1997). Interpersonal relationships & task performance: An examination of mediating processes in friend-ship & acquaintance groups. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 72(4), 775-790.

Kacmar, K. M., & Ferris, G. R. (1993). Politics at work : sharpening the focus of political behavior in organizations, Business Hori-zons, 36(4), 70-74.

Kacmar, K. M., Bozeman, D. P., Carlson, D. S., & Anthony, W. P. (1999). An examination of the perceptions of organizational politics model: Replication and extension. Human Relations, 52(3), 383- 427.

Kacmar, K. M., & Ferris, G. R. (1991). Perceprions of organizational politics scale (POPS): Development and construct validation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51, 193-205.

Kelloway, E. K. (1998). Using LISREL for structural equation model-ing : A researcher’s guide. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Kipnis, D., Schmidt, S. M., & Wilkinson, I. (1980). Intraorganiza-tional influence tactics: Exploration in getting one’s way. Jour-nal of Applied Psychology, 65(4), 440-452.

Krackchardt, D., & Kilduff, M. (1999). Whether close or far: Social distance effects on perceived balance in friendship Networks. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 76(5), 770-782.

Krackhardt, D., & Stern, R. N. (1988). Informal network and organ-izational crises: An experimental simulation. Social Psychol-ogy Quarterly, 51(2), 123-140.

Kram, K. E. (1985). Mentoring at work: Developmental relationships in organizational life. Clenview, III: Scott, Foresman.

Kram, K. E., & Isabella, L. A. (1985). Mentoring alternatives: The role of peer relationships in career development. Academy of Management Journal, 28(1), 110-132.

Kreitner, R., & Kinicki, A. (2001). Organizational Behavior (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Krell, T. C., Mendenhall, M. E., & Sendry, J. (1987). Doing reserch in the conceptual morass of organizational political. Western Academy of Management Conference. Hollywood, California.

Leventhal, G. S. (1976). Fairness in social relationships. In J. W. Thi-baut, J. T. Spence, & R. C. Carson (Eds.), Contemporary Topics in Social Psychology, General Learning Press, Morristown, New Jersey.

Leventhal, G., S. (1980). What should be done with equity theory? New approaches to the study of fairness in social relationships. In K. Gergen., M. Greenberg & R. Willis (Eds), Social Ex-change: Advances in Theory and Research. Plenum Press, New York.
Lind, E. A., & Tyler, T. R. (1988). The Social Psychology of Proce-dural Justice. New York: Plenum.

Madison, D. L. (1980). Organizational politics: An exploration of manager’ perceptions. Human Relations, 33(2), 79-100.

Mintzberg, H. (1985). The Organization as political arena. Journal of Management Studies, 22(2), 133-154.

Markiewicz, D., Devine, I., & Kausilas, D. (2000). Friendships of women and men at work job satisfaction and resource implica-tions. Journal of Management Psychology, 15(2), 161-184.

Martin, J. (1981). Relative deprivation: A theory of distributive injus-tice for an era of shrinking resources. In L. L. Cummings & B. M. Staw (Eds.). Research in Organizational behavior. Jai Press, Greenwich, Connecticut.

Mayes, B. T., & Allen, R. W. (1977). Toward a definition of organiza-tional politics. Academy of Management Review, 672-678.

Mikula, G. (1980a). Introduction: Main issues in the psychological re-search on justice. In G. Mikula (Ed.), Justice and social interac-tion: Experimental and theoretical contributions from psycho-logical research. New York: Springer-Verlag, 13-23.

Mikula, G. (1980b). On the role of justice in allocation decisions. In G. Mkula (Ed.). Justice and social interaction: Experimental and theoretical contributions from psychological research. New York: Springer-Verlag, 127-166.

Mintzberg, H. (1983). Power In and Around Organizations, Engle-wood Cliffs. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, (p. 26).

Moore, G. (1990) Structural Determinants of men’s and women’s per-sonal networks. American Sociological Review, 55(5), 726-35.

Moorman, R. H., & Robert, H. (1991). Relationship between organ-izational justice and organizational citizenship behaviors: Do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship? Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(6), 845-55.

Moorman, R. H., Niehoff, B. P., & Organ, D. W. (1993). Treating em-ployees fairly and organizational citizenship behavior: Sorting the effects of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and procedural justice. Employee Responsibilities and Right Journal, 6(3), 209-225.

Morrison, R. (2004). Informal relationships in the work- place: Asso-ciations with job satisfaction, organizational commitment & turnover intentions. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 33(3), 114-128.

Niehoff, B. P., & Moorman, R. H. (1993). Justice as a mediator of the relationship between methods of monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 36(3), 527-556.

Nielsen, I. K., Jex, S. M., & Adams, G. A. (2000). Development and validation of scores on a two-dimensional workplace friendship scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60(4), 628-643.

Nye, L. G., & Witt, L. A. (1993). Dimensionality and construct valid-ity of the perceptions of organizational politics scale. Educa-tional and Psychological Measurement, 53(3), 821-829.

Rawlins, W. K. (1982). Cross-sex friendship & the communicative management of sex-role expectations. Communication Quar-terly, 30(4), 343-352.

Rawlins, W. K. (1992). Friendship matters: Communication, dialec-tics, and the life course. New York: Transaction.

Robbins, S. P. (1990). Organization theory: Structure, Design and a pplications (5th ed.), Englewood cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, (p. 51).

Robbins, S. P. (1992). Organization behavior: conceps, controversies and applications (5th ed.), Englewood cliffs, New Jersey: Pren-tice Hall.

Scott, K. D., & Taylor, G. S. (1985). An examination of conflicting findings on the relationship between job satisfaction and absen-teeism: A meta-analysis. Academy of Management Journal, 28(3), 599-612.

Sheppard, B. H., Lewicki, R. J., & Minton, J. W. (1992). Organiza-tional Justice: The Search for Fairness in the Workplace. New York: Lexington Books.

Sias, P. M., Smith, G., & Avdeyeva, T. (2003). Sex and sex composi-tion similarities and differences in workplace friendship devel-opment. Communication studies, 54(3), 322-340

Sias, P. M., & Cahill, D. J. (1998). From Coworkers to Friends: The Development of Peer Friendships in the Workplace. Western Journal of Communication, 62(3), 273-300.

Thibaut, J. W., & Walker, L. (1975). Procedural Justice: A Psycho-logical Analysis. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Tushman, M. L. (1977). A political approach to organizations: A re-view and rationale. Academy of Management Review, 2(2), 206-216.

Tyler, T. R., & Blader, S. L. (2000). Cooperation in groups: Proce-dural justice, social identity, and behavioral engagement. New York: Psychology Press.

Vigoda, E. (2000). Organizational politics job attitudes, and work outcomes: Exploration and implications for the public sector, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 57(3), 326-347.

Wright, P. H. (1978). Toward a theory of friendship based on the con-ception of self. Human Communication Research, 4(2), 196 -207.

Wiseman, J. P. (1986). Friendship: Bonds and binds in a voluntary re-lationship. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 96(3), 191 -211.

Yager, J. (1997). Friendshihts: The power of friendship & how it-shapes our lives. Stamford, Connecticut: Hannacroix Creek-Books.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔