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研究生:邱美溶
研究生(外文):Mei-Rung Chiou
論文名稱:以水熱法合成ZnO及其光催化降解CV染料研究
論文名稱(外文):Hydrothermal fabrication of ZnO powder and application of ZnO/UV process for the removal of Crystal Violet
指導教授:范煥榮范煥榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huan-Jung Fan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:弘光科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:125
中文關鍵詞:氧化鋅沉澱法水熱法微波水熱法結晶紫
外文關鍵詞:zinc oxideprecipitationhydrothermalmicrowave-hydrothermalcrystal violet
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本研究以硝酸鋅、醋酸鋅作為起始物,利用沉澱法、水熱法、微波水熱法合成奈米氧化鋅(ZnO),利用XRD、SEM、XPS、BET等方法鑑定其表面特性,再以光催化程序(ZnO/UV)降解結晶紫(Crystal Violet, CV)染料,並鑑定反應中間產物及探討可能降解路徑。
以醋酸鋅作為起始物利用沉澱法(PA)、水熱法(HA)與微波水熱法(MA)合成之PA11/UV、HA4/UV與MA5/UV去除率分別為80.57、96.72與84.29%。
以硝酸鋅作為起始物合成ZnO中,沉澱法(PN)、水熱法(HN)與微波水熱法(MN)合成之PN1/UV、HN7/UV與MN12/UV之去除率分別可達92.97、92.14與98.04 %。綜合以上結果,以MN12/UV之去除率最佳。
ZnO/UV程序去除CV染料之主要可能反應機制包括(1)發色基團之去甲基化(N-de-methylated)、(2)羥化 (Hydroxylation)反應與(3)破壞發色基團之共振結構(Cleavage of conjugated chromophore structure)。本研究之結果,有助於未來應用於染料降解之應用。

關鍵字:氧化鋅、沉澱法、水熱法、微波水熱法、結晶紫

Three methods were developed and investigated in this research to synthesize Zinc oxide (ZnO), namely, precipitation (PA), hydrothermal (HA) and microwave-hydrothermal (MA) methods using Zinc Acetate and Zinc Nitrate as precursors, respectively. The resulting ZnOs were characterized by SEM-EDS, HRXPS, TEM, XRD, and BET. The photo catalytic properties of these ZnOs were investigated as well, through ZnO/UV processes for degradation of Crystal Violet (CV). Reaction intermediates and potential reactions pathways were identified and proposed, respectively.
For zinc acetate as for precursors, the removal efficiencies for CV are 80.57, 96.72 and 84.29% for PA11/UV, HA4/UV and MA5/UV, respectively. PA11, HA4 and MA5 are prepared by PA, HA, and MA methods, respectively.
For zinc nitrate as for precursors, the removal efficiencies for CV are 92.97, 92.14 and 98.04%, respectively for PN1/UV, HN7/UV and MN12/UV respectively. PN1, HN7 and MN12 are prepared by PA, HA, MA methods, respectively.
The reaction intermediates of the ZnO/UV processes were separated, identified and characterized by HPLC-ESI-MS. Potential reaction pathways for ZnO/UV process include (1) N-de-methylated, (2) hydroxylation and (3) cleavage of conjugated chromospheres structure. The reaction mechanisms proposed in this study would be useful for future application of advanced oxidation technology for removal of dyes in wastewaters.
Key words: zinc oxide, precipitation, hydrothermal, microwave-hydrothermal, crystal violet

摘要 I
Abstract II
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 染料及染整廢水之特性與危害 4
2-1-1 染料之特性 4
2-1-2 三苯基甲烷類染料 6
2-1-3 染整廢水特性 7
2-2染料廢水處理技術 9
2-3 半導體的光催化機制 13
2-4 氧化鋅的材料特性 14
2-5 氧化鋅的光催化反應 16
2-6 奈米氧化鋅的製備 18
第三章 實驗材料與方法 20
3-1 研究方法 20
3-2實驗材料與設備 21
3-2-1實驗藥品 21
3-2-2實驗設備 22
3-3實驗步驟 23
3-3-1沉澱法合成氧化鋅 23
3-3-2水熱法合成奈米氧化鋅 26
3-3-3 微波水熱法合成氧化鋅 29
3-3-4合成氧化鋅結合UV光催化處理程序 32
3-4分析儀器 33
3-4-1 高效液相層析電灑質譜儀 33
3-4-2 比表面積分析儀 34
3-4-3 酸鹼度計 35
3-4-4 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 36
3-4-5 X光粉末繞射儀 36
3-4-6 高解析電子能譜儀 37
第四章 結果與討論 38
4-1 醋酸鋅合成ZnO 38
4-1-1 以醋酸鋅沉澱法合成ZnO 39
4-1-2 以醋酸鋅水熱法合成ZnO 53
4-1-3 以醋酸鋅微波水熱法合成ZnO 64
4-1-4 以醋酸鋅合成ZnO/UV程序對CV染料降解之中間產 76
物分析 76
4-2 硝酸鋅合成氧化鋅 78
4-2-1以硝酸鋅沉澱法合成ZnO 78
4-2-2 以硝酸鋅水熱法合成ZnO 88
4-2-3 以硝酸鋅微波水熱法合成ZnO 99
4-2-4 以硝酸鋅合成ZnO/UV程序對CV染料降解之中間產 108
4-3 綜合討論 115
第五章 結論 117
參考文獻 118

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張有諒,2005,「利用費頓試劑來氧化Reactive Black 5染料
的可行性及動力學之研究」,碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學化
學系,高雄。
藤島昭,橋本和仁,渡部俊也,譯:王政友,世茂出版有限公
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