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研究生:游佩儒
研究生(外文):Yo, Pei Thu
論文名稱:從法律與政治觀點檢視美台關係
論文名稱(外文):US-Taiwan relationship: from legal to political perspective
指導教授:李明李明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lee, Ming
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:323
中文關鍵詞:US-Taiwan RelationsTaiwan Relations ActTaiwan's Legal StatusDerecognition
外文關鍵詞:美台關係台灣關係法台灣法律地位撒銷承認
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Denny Roy describes the current political situation in Taiwan as both “peculiar and intriguing.” Roy also uses the terms “beautiful” and “beleaguered” to define Taiwan. These oxymoronic terms are natural reactions to the political turmoil and the economic success that characterize this island. The island itself appears harmless enough, yet it remains an indirect military threat to the world’s two most powerful nations: China and the US. At the heart of this threat is the question of Taiwan’s political status. Is it a sovereign nation in its own right or is it a part of mainland China? Taiwan believes it is sovereign and entitled to recognition as a sovereign state. China believes Taiwan is merely a renegade state and will eventually return to mainland China. The US is torn between foreign policies and relationships with both Taiwan and China and takes a rather ambiguous position. The result is decades of diplomatic wars between Taiwan and China with the US quite often caught in the middle. The purpose of this research study is to analyze and trace the origins and developments of Taiwan’s “peculiar and intriguing” circumstances and the consequences for world peace. This will require a detailed examination of the relations between Taiwan, China and the US and how foreign policy strategies and world politics have steered this triangle and the legal developments that have emerged.

Certainly, conflict in the Middle East is a threat to world peace and security. However, no conflict or political impasse exists with the threat of war between the world’s two superpowers juxtaposed against one another as does the situation in the Taiwan Strait. A war between the US and China over Taiwan’s legal status may or may not happen. However, the mere prospect of such a war shapes and steers Taiwan’s domestic and international affairs.

The focus on the colliding interests in and over the Taiwan Strait, automatically follow from the current status quo. For the second half of the 20th century each of the parties involved have gravitated toward largely incompatible goals. China takes the position that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China. Taiwan originally believed just as vociferously in the opposite contention and declared Taipei rather than Beijing as China’s legitimate capital. In recent years Taiwan has pursued autonomous status and international recognition. However, the greatest part of Taiwan’s population favors the status quo: rejecting independence and Chinese control all at once. The US is similarly positioned: acknowledging China’s one-China policy without expressing or demonstrating acceptance of it. Meanwhile the US has legally bound itself to providing military and economic assistance to Taiwan. These are the peculiar and intriguing circumstances surrounding the situation in Taiwan that motivate this study.

Denny Roy describes the current political situation in Taiwan as both “peculiar and intriguing.” Roy also uses the terms “beautiful” and “beleaguered” to define Taiwan. These oxymoronic terms are natural reactions to the political turmoil and the economic success that characterize this island. The island itself appears harmless enough, yet it remains an indirect military threat to the world’s two most powerful nations: China and the US. At the heart of this threat is the question of Taiwan’s political status. Is it a sovereign nation in its own right or is it a part of mainland China? Taiwan believes it is sovereign and entitled to recognition as a sovereign state. China believes Taiwan is merely a renegade state and will eventually return to mainland China. The US is torn between foreign policies and relationships with both Taiwan and China and takes a rather ambiguous position. The result is decades of diplomatic wars between Taiwan and China with the US quite often caught in the middle. The purpose of this research study is to analyze and trace the origins and developments of Taiwan’s “peculiar and intriguing” circumstances and the consequences for world peace. This will require a detailed examination of the relations between Taiwan, China and the US and how foreign policy strategies and world politics have steered this triangle and the legal developments that have emerged.

Certainly, conflict in the Middle East is a threat to world peace and security. However, no conflict or political impasse exists with the threat of war between the world’s two superpowers juxtaposed against one another as does the situation in the Taiwan Strait. A war between the US and China over Taiwan’s legal status may or may not happen. However, the mere prospect of such a war shapes and steers Taiwan’s domestic and international affairs.

The focus on the colliding interests in and over the Taiwan Strait, automatically follow from the current status quo. For the second half of the 20th century each of the parties involved have gravitated toward largely incompatible goals. China takes the position that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China. Taiwan originally believed just as vociferously in the opposite contention and declared Taipei rather than Beijing as China’s legitimate capital. In recent years Taiwan has pursued autonomous status and international recognition. However, the greatest part of Taiwan’s population favors the status quo: rejecting independence and Chinese control all at once. The US is similarly positioned: acknowledging China’s one-China policy without expressing or demonstrating acceptance of it. Meanwhile the US has legally bound itself to providing military and economic assistance to Taiwan. These are the peculiar and intriguing circumstances surrounding the situation in Taiwan that motivate this study.

PERSPECTIVE 1
ABSTRACT I
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS ON TAIWAN’S INTERNATIONAL STATUS 5
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 8
1.3 RESEARCH PURPOSE 9
1.4 THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK 13
1.5 LITERATURE REVIEW 21
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 24
1.7 METHODOLOGY 26
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE RESEARCH 29
CHAPTER 2: U.S-CHINA RELATIONS AND TAIWAN RELATIONS ACT 34
2.1 INTRODUCTION 34
2.2 U.S CHINA POLICY DURING THE LATE 1940S AND THE EARLY RECOGNITION ISSUE 40
2.3 REVERSAL OF HANDS-OFF POLICY AND THE LEGAL STATUS NEWLY DEFINED BY THE TRUMAN ADMINISTRATION 47
2.4 CONTAINMENT AND THE U.S.-ROC MUTUAL DEFENSE TREATY 56
2.5 NIXON’S NEW APPROACH AND THE 1972 SHANGHAI COMMUNIQUÉ 63
2.6 CARTER AND THE DECEMBER 15, 1978 JOINT COMMUNIQUÉ 71
2.7 RESPONSES FROM CONGRESS AND THE PUBLIC AFTER CARTER’S RECOGNITION OF PRC 74
2.8 CONGRESSIONAL INITIATIVES AND THE ENACTMENT OF THE TAIWAN RELATIONS ACT 79
2.8.1 Main Contents of Taiwan Relations Act and Their Implications in International Law 81
2.8.2 Statutory Basis for CCNAA and AIT 85
2.8.3 Continuation of International Agreement with Taiwan 86
2.8.4 Multilateral Conventions and International Organizations 87
CONVENTIONAL INTERNATIONAL BODIES 90
2.8.5 The Term “Taiwan” as Opposed to the Term “People on Taiwan” 91
2.8.6 Other Key Provisions of Taiwan Relations Act 92
2.8.7 The Relationship between the Normalization Agreement and the TRA 97
2.9 PROCEEDING U.S PRESIDENTS’ CHINA/TAIWAN POLICY 101
2.9.1 Ronald Reagan 102
2.9.2 George H. W. Bush 105
2.9.3 William Jefferson Clinton 105
2.9.4 George W. Bush 108
2.9.5 Barack Obama 111
CHAPTER 3: RECOGNITION ISSUES AND DILEMMAS FACED BY TAIWAN 129
3.1 LEGAL BACKGROUND 129
3.2 THE FLAW IN PRC’S CLAIM TO TAIWAN 133
3.3 INTERPRETATION OF THE 1972 SHANGHAI COMMUNIQUÉ AND THE 1978 WASHINGTON-PEKING JOINT COMMUNIQUÉ WITH REGARD TO TAIWAN’S STATUS 135
3.4 THE LIMITATION OF ROC’S CLAIM TO TAIWAN 138
3.5 THE IMPACT OF UNITED STATES RECOGNITION OF PRC ON THE 143
INTERNATIONAL STATUS OF ROC AND ROC’S CAPACITY TO FULFILL INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS 143
3.5.1 Recognition in International Law and its Effects on Taiwan 143
3.5.2 The Paradox between the Law of Recognition and Reality 146
3.5.3 Modus Vivendi for Recognition in International Law 147
3.6 TAIWAN’S SOVEREIGNTY IN US COURTS 150
3.7 LEGISLATIVE RE-RECOGNITION OF ROC 161
3.7.1 Risks of Derecognizing Taiwan and De Facto Recognition of ROC’s Sovereignty in TRA 161
3.8 TAIWAN AS PARTICIPANT IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 163
3.8.1 From GATT to WTO 165
CHAPTER 4: UNITED STATES-CHINA-TAIWAN RELATIONS AHEAD 177
4.1THE RISE OF CHINA 177
4.2 US-JAPAN ALLIANCES 183
4.3 US-TAIWAN RELATIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY 186
4.3.1 A Consistent or a Changing US Asian Policy? 189
4.3.2 US-Taiwan Cooperation under the Mutual Legal Assistance Agreement 191
4.3.3 Arms Sale 204
4.3.4 Taiwan vis-à-vis US National Interest 208
CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION 216
BIBLIOGRAPHY 233
APPENDIX 283



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