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研究生:周天威
研究生(外文):Prosper Zombre
論文名稱:於布吉納法索設立加工出口區:借鏡亞洲與非洲加工出口區的經驗
論文名稱(外文):Setting up an Export processing Zone (EPZ) in Burkina Faso: learning from EPZs experiences in Asia and in Africa
指導教授:吳文傑吳文傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Jack
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際經營管理英語碩士學位學程(IMBA)
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:加工出口區
外文關鍵詞:Export processing ZoneExport oriented strategyBurkina Faso
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The rapid economic development of the Asian Tigers in the 1980s, mostly based on export oriented policies, has inspired scholars to study the contribution of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) to economic transformation and countries around the world to implement EPZs with the expectation of duplicating the few success stories. The results in terms of economic and social progress of these policies have however been mixed, if not negative for number of countries, partially due to a non adaptation of the model to the changing domestic and international environment. For a developing country like Burkina Faso which has been for a long time looking for solutions to significant economic growth that impact the living conditions of its citizens, a successful export oriented strategy could pave the way to the development of its current week industrial base. However, although the business environment of Burkina Faso seems to allow the adoption of such a strategy, designing a realistic and realizable EPZ regime is a sine qua non for setting the basis of its success. Moreover, the implementation of the project is subject to a strong commitment and cooperation between the Government and external partners that need to be convinced of the worthiness of their investment.

Abstract i
Dedication ii
Acknowledgement iii
Table of content iv
Acronyms and abbreviations viii
CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation of the study 1
1.2 Objective of the study 2
1.3 Research question 2
1.4 Methodology 2
1.5 Structure of the thesis 3
CHAPTER 2: Burkina Faso: Country background 4
2.1 Brief description of Burkina Faso 4
2.2 History 5
2.2.1 Before Independence 5
2.2.2 From Independence to date 6
2.3 Government and political context 7
2.4 Human resources, Social and security conditions 8
2.5 Recent development of Burkina Faso economy 9
2.6 SWOT analysis of Burkina Faso the business environment 12
2.6.1 Strengths of Burkina Faso Business Environment 12
2.6.2 Weaknesses of Burkina Faso Business environment 14
2.6.3 Opportunities in Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Business environment 15
2.6.4 Threats in Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Business environment 16
Table2 Summary of Burkina Faso environment SWOT analysis 17
CHAPTER 3: Introduction to Export Processing Zones 18
3.1 Origin and concept and of EPZs 18
3.2 The purpose of EPZs 19
3.3 The incentives package applicable to companies under EPZ regimes 21
3.4 Industries profile in EPZs 24
3.5 Expected Impacts of EPZs in host countries 25
3.5.1 Employment 25
3.5.2 Technology transfer 27
3.5.3 Human resource development 27
3.6 Arguments against EPZs 31
3.7 EPZs and international agreements 32
3.8 The Future of EPZs 33
CHAPTER 4: Lessons from EPZs Experiences 36
4.1 The experience of Taiwan 36
4.1.1 The international environment 36
4.1.2 The domestic Conditions 37
4.1.3 The role of the Taiwanese government 37
4.1.4 The performance of Taiwan EPZs from 1966 to 1986 38
4.2 The Korea Kaesong Experience 39
4.2.1 General experience 39
4.2.2 The Kaesong Industrial Complex in North Korea 39
4.2.3 Development of the KIC and operations. 40
4.3 The experience of Malawi 45
4.3.1 The justification of the project 45
4.3.2 The Administration and incentive package for the Malawi EPZ 46
4.3.3 Performance of the Malawi EPZ regime 48
4.4 Summary of the different experiences: 51
4.4.1 The international context and local business environment 51
4.4.2 The role of the government and private investors 52
4.4.3 The geographical location with regards to export markets. 52
4.4.4 The administration and monitoring 52
CHAPTER 5: Setting up an EPZ in Burkina Faso 54
5.1 Reference countries profile when adopting EPZ policy 54
5.2 The best location for EPZ in Burkina Faso 55
5.3 The target market and industry 56
5.3.1 The Export market 56
5.3.2 The suitable industry 60
5.4 The appropriate EPZ regime and administration for Burkina Faso 61
5.4.1 General conditions 61
5.4.2 Administration 64
5.4.3 The incentive package to attract Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) through an EPZ in Burkina Faso. 64
5.4.4 Other important measures 65
5.5 EPZ potential benefits: contribution to Burkina Faso Economy 66
5.5.1 Impact on Employment 67
5.5.2 Impact on trade 67
5.5.3 Local industry development 68
5.5.4 Technology transfer 68
5.6 Financing an EPZ infrastructure in Burkina Faso 69
CHAP TER 6: Conclusion 71
References 73
Endnotes 78


Articles, Books and Publications:
 MADANI Dorsati., ‘A review of the role and impact of export Processing Zones’, World Bank Development research Group, Working Paper 2238, November 1999, P5, 9, 19
 United States Commercial Service: Doing Business in Burkina Faso: 2009 Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies, P. 2, 24
 Professor Howard Stein, University of Michigan: Africa, Industrial Policy and Export Processing Zones: Lessons from Asia, November, 2009
 Hooshang Hamirahmadi: Export processing Zones in Asia, AsianSurvey, Asian Survey, Vol XXXV, N.9, September 1995
 African Development Bank Group: Burkina Faso Project Completion Report: Second Road Program, September 2008, P. Vii
 University of California Press; Jing-dong Yuan and Lorraine Eden: Export Processing Zones in Asia: A Comparative StudyAuthor(s), P5, 8-12
 University of California Press: George Fitting: Export Processing Zones in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China, P3-4
 United States Congressional Service: Dick K. Nanto, Mark E. Manyin : The Kaesong North-South Korean Industrial Complex, April 2011, P. 1, 5-9
 United States Congressional Service: Dick K. Nanto, Mark E. Manyin : The Kaesong North-South Korean Industrial Complex, February 2008, P. 1
 Economic Community of West African States: Regional Competition Policy Framework, P 2-3
 Jean-Pierre CLING Gaëlle LETILLY: Export Processing Zones: A threatened instrument for global economy insertion? November2001, P 7-8, 12, 17-19,22, 25
 Takayoshi Kusago, Zafiris Tzannatos: Export Processing Zones: A Review in Need of Update January1 998, P1-3, 9-11
 Performance of export processing zones: A comparative analysis of India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, P4
 Karima Omar and William A. Stoever1: The role of technology and human capital in the EPZ life-cycle, Vol 17, N.1 April 2008
 National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan: Pan-Long Tsai And Chao-Hsi Huang: Openness, Growth and Poverty: The Case of Taiwan, P5
 Taiwan ICDF SME Development Wok: Fast Track to Economic Development, P26
 Frank S.T. Hsiao a,*, Mei-Chu W. Hsiao: FDI, exports, and GDP in East and Southeast
 Asia—Panel data versus time-series causality analyses, September 2006
 Vincent Nkhoma: Export Processing Zones: Is it a Regime Worth the Sacrifice? – The Case of Malawi, April 2007, P1-12
 Government of Malawi, Ministry of Trade and Private Sector Development: The Case for a National Export Strategy: Key Issues and Possible Response: 2005, P1-4
 Frank S. T. Hsiao, (University of Colorado at Boulder, USA) and Mei-Chu W. Hsiao (University of Colorado at Denver, USA): Miracle Growth in the Twentieth Century: International Comparisons of East Asian Development, 2003. P1
 Dr. Peter L. Watson: Export Processing Zones: Has Africa Missed the Boat? Not yet! 2000, P5
 Burkina Faso Ministry of Economy and Finance: Etude Nationale Prospective Burkina 2025, December 2001, P7, 20-26
Other online sources:
 “What Is Export Processing Zones EPZs?” http://maxizip.com/2010/12/what-is-export-processing-zones-epzs-definition-this-term/
 “Burkina Faso”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burkina_Faso
 “Taiwan Africa Economic Forum”: http://www.africa.org.tw/information_english_1_4.asp
 “African Economic Outlook”: http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/countries/west-africa/burkina-faso /
 “Forum on China Africa Cooperation”: http://www.focac.org/eng/yhjl/t404113.htm
 “ECOWAS trade liberation scheme”: http://www.etls.ecowas.int/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=9&lang=en
 “Investment in Malawi”: http://www.mccci.org/investment_promotion.php
 “Les Chinois en Afrique”
http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20101026-chinois-afrique
 “ The Role of Taiwanese Foreign Direct Investment in China: Economic Integration or Hollowing-Out”: http://old.npf.org.tw/PUBLICATION/FM/091/FM-R-091-071.htm
 “Asian Foreign Direct Investment In Africa”: http://www.unctad.org/templates/webflyer.asp?docid=8172&intItemID=1528&lang=1
 “Economy of Burkina Faso”: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Burkina_Faso
 “CIA World Fact Book: Burkina Faso” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uv.html
 “Burkina Faso Country Profile: ”
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/1032616.stm
 “ Burkina Faso Government”
http://www.gouvernement.gov.bf/
 “ECOWAS in Brief”: http://www.comm.ecowas.int/sec/index.php?id=about_a&lang=enhttp://africaindependence.com/Africa_Statistic_ECOWAS_POPULATION.aspx
 “2011 Index of Economic Freedom” http://www.heritage.org/index/country/burkinafaso
 “Better business environment in Burkina Faso” http://www.ifc.org/ifcext/africa.nsf/Content/Burkina_Faso_BEE
 “Investir au Burkina » http://www.cp-investburkina.bf/spip.php?rubrique2&lang=en
 “Background : Burkina Faso”
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2834.htm
 “The world best countries” http://www.newsweek.com/2010/08/15/interactive-infographic-of-the-worlds-best-countries.html
 IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/index.aspx
 World Trade organization/Burkina Faso trade profile
http://stat.wto.org/CountryProfile/WSDBCountryPFView.aspx?Country=BF&Language=E



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