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研究生:陳仲萌
研究生(外文):Chen, Chung Meng
論文名稱:台灣生物技術廠商社會資本與區域創新氛圍之研究
論文名稱(外文):The interactive effect of social capital and regional innovative milieux:a case of biotechnology industry in Taiwan
指導教授:邊泰明邊泰明引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:地政研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:社會資本創新氛圍產業環境社會網絡分析
外文關鍵詞:Social CapitalInnovative MilieuxIndustrial EnvironmentSocial Network Analysis
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近年隨全球生產鏈改變,廠商為維持競爭力由追求區位最佳化,轉而追求網絡位置優化。在此種現象下,引發本研究探討區位環境在廠商創新過程中所扮演之角色,並嘗試與網絡位置共同分析,探查區位環境對於廠商是否具有功能化效果。且以Markusen (1996)與Glückler(2007)之論述為基礎,檢視創新環境差異下是否存在網絡結構差異。區位環境與技術網絡分別透過創新氛圍與社會資本作為論述框架,利用兩者皆強調個體行動者特質,連結地理區位、社會化行動至創新績效之路徑。
本研究以台灣生物技術廠商為研究對象,該產業為我國新興產業之一,對於技術網絡建立與研發需求強烈。資料收集同時利用二手資料與問卷方式,建立近似於整體性的技術網絡資料,分析方法採用社會網絡分析法、變異數分析以及卜瓦松回歸進行假說驗證。分析結果呈現地區創新氛圍差異確實存在廠商社會資本型態差異,支持先前文獻論述。而地區創新氛圍在廠商創新過程中扮演調和社會資本結構面功能角色,隨創新氛圍提升,強化直接連結的正向效果,減緩了網絡中介的負向效果;突顯了區位選擇在廠商面對全球化過程中仍為影響創新績效的關鍵因子。

The empirical studies of firms’ innovation pointed out the important of localtion. In early days, firms pursue better location to lower the cost.But now they facing the globalization recombining the global supply chain. The important of location is re-placed by “ network system”. In this view, the main part of our research tring to understand the role of innovative milieu in innovation process. According to the lite-rature of Markusen (1996) and Glückler(2007) suggest the difference network structure between difference industrial districts. The second goal of this research is using statistical data to confirm their explanation.
Tthis research which indicate two important results. The first is the difference social capital of firms existing in difference innovative milieux.This result support Markusen and Glückler’s discussions. Second, the role of innovative milieu is mod-erated effect between social capital and innovative perfornment.Following the differ-ence social capital strength, the effect of innovative milieu is difference.The empirical result indicate that the important function of location is working on firms’ innovative process.

目錄 I
圖目錄 II
表目錄 III
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範疇與方法 3
第三節 研究內容與流程 5
第二章 相關理論與文獻回顧 7
第一節 社會資本與網絡 7
第二節 創新氛圍模型 17
第三節 小結-兩者概念互補性質 26
第三章 產業背景與創新氛圍分析 28
第一節 我國生技產業範疇與特性 28
第二節 台灣地區生技產業政策與現況 30
第三節 台灣地區生技產業創新氛圍分析 33
第四章 研究設計 39
第一節 研究架構與假說 39
第二節 問卷設計與資料蒐集 45
第五章 實證結果分析 49
第一節 問卷資料統計 49
第二節 我國生技廠商技術網絡概況 53
第三節 廠商社會資本與地區創新氛圍分析 59
第四節 實證回歸分析 64
第五節 小結 72
第六章 結論與建議 75
第一節 研究結論 75
第二節 建議 77
參考文獻 79
一、中文文獻 79
二、外文文獻 79
三、網路資料 84
附錄 85
附錄一:分析單元劃分 85
附錄二:問卷 87

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三、網路資料
行政院,2009,六大新興產業主題網。http://www.ey.gov.tw/policy/3/index.html,取用日期:2011年2月6日。

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