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研究生:朱韋旭
研究生(外文):Chu, Wei Hsu
論文名稱:科索沃、阿布哈茲與南奧塞提亞獨立議題之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A comparative study of the independence issue in Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia
指導教授:林永芳林永芳引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:俄羅斯研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:科索沃阿布哈茲南奧塞提亞國際法獨立議題
外文關鍵詞:KosovoAbkhaziaSouth Ossetiainternational lawindependence issue
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20世紀因民族主義的興起,間接地促成了世界上許多地區性的民族開始爭取獨立,其中包括科索沃、阿布哈茲與南奧塞提亞。然而,在90年代共產勢力瓦解時期,此三區域因為歷史地位的關係並未獨立成功,而開始與各自的宗主國持續發生衝突。爾後,世界強權與國際組織介入處理此三區域的問題,卻因為國際法缺乏一致性規範的情況下,使得問題一直無法有效解決,反而淪為世界強權勢力擴張的棋子。因此,儘管科索沃、阿布哈茲與南奧塞提亞的獨立條件相似,最後卻因為不同的支持勢力而產生不同的獨立結果。獨立後,此三區域也將面臨一些難題。




關鍵字:科索沃、阿布哈茲、南奧塞提亞、國際法、獨立議題
The emergence of Nationalism in the 20th century indirectly promoted the fight for independence of many regional races
around the world, including Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Oss-
etia. However, during the collapse of communist forces in the 1990s, these three regions failed in becoming independ-
ent due to their historical status, and conflicts with their Metropolitan State persisted. The world powers and international organizations hence intervened in an attempt to solve the problems. Nevertheless, without consistency in the norms of international law, the issues could not be unr-
aveled effectively, but rather became a tool abused by the world powers for territory expansion. Consequently,although Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia's had similar conditions for independence, the outcomes were different as they each had different supporting powers. Eventually, these three regions will also face challenges afterg aining independen-
ce.








Key words: Kosovo, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, international law, independence issue


第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 2
第二節 研究方法與研究途徑 3
第三節 研究範圍與限制 7
第四節 文獻回顧 10
第五節 章節安排 20

第二章 民族主義的興起與衝突過程 22
第一節 前共黨國家境內民族主義的興起 22
第二節 科索沃與塞爾維亞的衝突過程 24
第三節 阿布哈茲、南奧塞提亞與喬治亞的衝突過程 34
第四節 小結 45

第三章 獨立的爭議性與外力介入 47
第一節 科索沃、阿布哈茲與南奧塞提亞獨立的爭議性 47
第二節 科索沃的獨立與外力介入過程 54
第三節 阿布哈茲、南奧塞提亞的獨立與外力介入過程 73
第四節 小結 84

第四章 獨立後的問題與解決辦法 92
第一節 科索沃獨立後所面臨的問題 92
第二節 阿布哈茲與南奧塞提亞獨立後所面臨的問題 97
第三節 獨立後問題的解決辦法 104
第四節 小結 108

第五章 結論 111

參考書目 118


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聯合國:< http://www.un.org/zh/>。
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