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研究生:楊馥后
研究生(外文):Yang, Fu Hou
論文名稱:安德魯˙馬維爾的《花園》、《鋤草者對上花園》和《論艾波頓莊園》詩中園藝對自然的影響
論文名稱(外文):The influence of art on nature in the garden in Andrew Marvell’s “The Garden,” “The Mower Against Gardens,” and “Upon Appleton House”
指導教授:林質心林質心引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Chih Hsin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:工藝自然花園
外文關鍵詞:ArtNatureGarden
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安德魯˙馬維爾的詩中經常出現花園,這一特殊的藝術形式為自然與工藝的結合。關於園藝對自然的影響,馬維爾的看法一直以來被視為相當矛盾的。為了釐清馬維爾以何標準去判定園丁是破壞自然,還是修復自然,本論文擬以十七世紀關於園藝的文章,去探究馬維爾在《花園》、《鋤草者對上花園》和《論艾波頓莊園》詩中對於園藝對自然的影響的看法。

本論文共分為四章,第一章回顧評論,以及整理十七世紀關於園藝的文章中所呈現的議題。第二章討論《鋤草者對上花園》詩中鋤草者如何批評園藝,並闡明鋤草者在批評園藝時,是否反對工藝家改變自然和扮演上帝的角色。第三章討論《花園》和《論艾波頓莊園》詩中馬維爾如何讚美園藝,並闡明馬維爾在讚美園藝時,是否提倡工藝家應整理自然並重建樂園。最後,第四章總結全文,結合鋤草者和馬維爾對園藝的看法,並加以衍伸評論馬維爾對於工藝對自然的影響的整體看法。本文希望藉由探討馬維爾在《花園》、《鋤草者對上花園》和《論艾波頓莊園》詩中對於園藝對自然的影響的看法,能夠證明馬維爾對於工藝對自然的影響的看法並不矛盾。
The garden, as a distinctive type of architectural art based upon nature, recurs in Andrew Marvell’s poetry and Marvell’s attitude toward the influence of art on nature in the garden has been considered quite ambivalent. To clarify how Marvell decides whether the gardener is impairing or repairing nature, this thesis proposes to study the influences of gardening on nature in “The Garden,” “The Mower Against Gardens,” and “Upon Appleton House” by examining how the gardener’s tasks in the poems are interpreted in the seventeenth-century treatises on horticulture.

This thesis consists of four chapters. Chapter One reviews critical opinions and introduces the seventeenth-century treatises on horticulture that we will consult. Chapter Two concentrates on the Mower’s criticism of gardening in “The Mower Against Gardens.” In this chapter, we will examine the gardener’s tasks and explore whether artists should change nature and imitate God in the Mower’s view. Chapter Three concentrates on Marvell’s admiration for gardening in “The Garden” and “Upon Appleton House.” In this chapter, we will examine the gardener’s tasks and explore whether artists should organize nature and recreate paradise in Marvell’s view. Finally, the last chapter will conclude by showing how the Mower’s opinions and Marvell’s opinions about gardening complement each other, and commenting on Marvell’s attitude toward the influence of art on nature in general. It is hoped that an exploration of the influences of gardening on nature in “The Garden,” “The Mower Against Gardens,” and “Upon Appleton House” will clarify Marvell’s attitude toward gardening as well as his attitude toward art and nature and show that Marvell’s attitude is not as ambivalent as it appears.
Acknowledgments…………………………………………………………………......... iii
Chinese Abstract……………………………………………………………………........ v
English Abstract……………………………………………………………………......... vi
Chapter
1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………. ............. 1
2. The Mower’s Opposition to Gardening: Gardening as Damaging Nature…. 14
3. Marvell’s Admiration for Gardening: Gardening as Ordering Nature…….... 40
4. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………................ 66
Works Cited.………………………………………………………………………............ 74
Primary Sources
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Marvell, Andrew. An Account of the Growth of Popery, and Arbitrary Government in England. Amsterdam, 1677. Early English Books Online. 11 Dec. 2008 <http://eebo.chadwyck.com.ezproxy.lib.nccu.edu.tw:8090/home>.
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Parkinson, John. Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris, or A Garden of All Sorts of Pleasant Flowers Which Our English Ayre Will Permitt to be Noursed Vp. London: Printed by Humfrey Lowness and Robert Young, 1629. Early English Books Online. 30 Nov. 2009 <http://eebo.chadwyck.com.ezproxy.lib.nccu.edu.tw:8090/home>.
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Secondary Sources
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