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研究生:趙建國
論文名稱:小布希總統時期美國對台軍售之研究-以售台潛艦為例
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Us-Taiwan military sales program during president George W. Bush terms - case of submarine acquisition
指導教授:姜家雄姜家雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交學系戰略與國際事務碩士在職專班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:177
中文關鍵詞:安全援助軍售發價書軍工複合體潛艦
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二次世界大戰結束後,美國基於整體國家利益,在外交政策上運用對外安全援助來協助盟邦及友邦維持、獲得和平與安全。在美國對外安全援助中「軍售」是最大的計畫單元,美國藉由軍售來支持美國的外交政策與安全目標,同時達到友盟合作,以強化區域安全,亦使美國與盟邦及友邦間物資、教範及訓練建立標準化的模式,更有助於美國提升國防工業產能、增加美國就業業機會與降低武器裝備研發、生產的成本。
1979年中華民國與美國斷交後,美國對台灣提供防衛性武器就從軍援變為軍售,美國對台軍售雖遭中國大陸不斷阻撓,但美國基於國家利益與全球戰略布局下,仍持續對台軍售,然隨著國際與國內情勢的轉變,美國亦隨之調整對台軍售的政策。小布希總統2001年1月就任後,即於4月份宣佈同意軍售柴電潛艦等多項武器裝備,並停止行之有年的軍售會議,但受到此期間美國整體反恐戰略的布局及美中、美台與兩岸關係的劇烈變化,使美國對台軍售立場再度修回保守的立場。
小布希總統2001年同意循軍售方式供售台灣8艘柴電潛艦,因美國已不生產柴電潛艦,遂積極展開協商第三國的協助,卻在台灣立法院質疑美國報價合理性、構型不明確,與堅持推動「潛艦國造」的狀況下,使美國遭遇前所未有的推動阻力,是美國始料未及的。雖然台灣在2008年通過柴電潛艦第一階段首年預算,然而小布希總統直至卸任仍未向國會申請授權,對台灣而言,實已錯失籌獲潛艦的最佳時機。
本論文主要探討小布希時期對台軍售由最佳的時期轉變為最壞的年代,其中國際與國內的變化及轉折,並以美售台潛艦之個案研究來驗證文中闡述的變數。

第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機及目的 1
第二節、文獻探討 4
第三節、研究範圍與限制 7
第四節、研究方法與架構 8
第二章、美國對台軍售政策之演變 11
第一節、美國安全援助政策 12
第二節、美國對外軍售政策 17
第三節、美國對台軍售政策的演進 29
第四節、小布希對台軍售政策 35
第三章、影響小布希對台軍售政策之國際因素 50
第一節、小布希的亞太戰略 50
第二節、兩岸關係的轉變 57
第三節、台美關係的轉變 64
第四節、美中關係的轉變 78
第四章、影響小布希對台軍售政策之國內因素 88
第一節、小布希行政團隊的特質 88
第二節、國會的監督 97
第三節、軍工複合體的影響 103
第五章、美國售台潛艦案之個案研究 110
第一節、美國售台潛艦的歷程 113
第二節、影響美國推動售台潛艦的外部因素 119
第三節、影響美國推動售台潛艦的內部因素 130
第六章、結論 140
第一節、研究心得 140
第二節、未來展望 145
參考文獻 148

壹、中文部分
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五、學位論文
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貳、英文部分
一、政府出版品
“Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress on the United State”, Response to the Terrorist Attacks of September 11,” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents”, Vol. 37, No. 38 (September 24, 2001), p. 1348。
Bush George W., “Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress on the State of the Union”, January 29, 2002, “Weekly Compilationof Presidential Documents”, Vol. 38, No. 5(February 4, 2002), pp. 133-139.
Bush George W., “Remarks at a Welcoming Ceremony for Premier Wen Jiabao of China”, December 9, 2003,” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents”, Vol. 39, No. 50 (December 15, 2003), p. 1776。
Department of Defense, “Report on PRC Military Power,” July 30, 2003.
Dumbaugh Kerry, “Taiwan-U.S. Political Relations: New Straits and Changes”(Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Order Code RL33684, October 10, 2006)。
Greenstein Fred I., “The George W. Bush Presidency: An Early Assessment”, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
Kan Shirley A.,” Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Proces”s, “CRS Report for Congress”, Order Code RS20365(Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Updated June 5, 2001)。
Kan Shirley A., “Taiwan: Annual Arms Sales Process”,” CRS Report for Congress”, Order Code RS30957(Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Updated August 31, 2010), pp. 1-2。
Kan Shirley A., “Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990”, “Congressional Research Service Report for Congress” (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, October 21, 2004), pp. 3-4。
Kan Shirley, Bolkcom Christopher, and Rourke Ronald O, “ China’s Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis,” CRS Report for Congress”, October 10, 2000.
“Remarks Following Discussions With Premier Wen Jiabao of China and an Exchange With Reports”, December 9, 2003, ”Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents”, pp. 1777-1778。
Sutter Robert G., “The United States and East Asia: Dynamics and Implications", "Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers”, Inc2003.
The White House, Remarks by National Security Advisor Hadley to the National Bureau of Asian Research Strategic Asia Forum, Washington, D.C., April 5, 2006”。
“The President’s Radio Address”, ”Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents”, October 9, 2006。
U.S. Congress, Nomination of China L. Powell to Be Secretary of State, Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, “United States Senate, 107th Congress, First Session”, January 17, 2001 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001)。
U.S. Congress, Nomination of Colin L. Powell to Be Secretary of State, Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, “United States Senate, 107th Congress, First Session”, January 17, 2001(Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001)。
U.S. Department of Defense, 2002 Annual Report on the Military Power of PRC, Report to Congress Pursuant to the FY 2000 National Defense authorization Act.
U.S. Congress, U.S. Security Policy in Asia and the Pacific: Restructuring America’s Forward Deployment, Hearing before the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, 108th Congress, First Session, June 26, 2003 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2003)。
U.S. Department of Defense, “Quadrennial Defense Review Report”, Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense, September 30, 2001 , pp. Ⅳ-27。
U.S. Department of State, Joint Statement, “Joint Statement of the U.S.-Japan Security Consultative Committee,” Washington, DC, February 19, 2005。
U.S. Congress, China’s Anti-Secession Law and Developments Across the Taiwan Strait, Hearing before the Subcommittee on Asia and Pacific of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, 109th Congress, First Session, April 6, 2005, (Washington DC, U.S. Government Printing office), 2005, pp. 2-3。
“U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission”, Hearing on Military Modernization and Cross-Strait Balance, p. 12, 21。
US Congress, “The Taiwan Relations Act: The Next Twenty-Five Years, Hearing before the Committee on International Relations” ,”House of Representatives, 108th Congress, Second Session”, April 21, 2004(Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004) , pp. 59。
U.S. Congress, Nomination of Hon. Donald H. Rumsfeld to be Secretary of Defense, Hearing before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, 107th, First Session, January 11, 2001(Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), pp. 51。
U.S. Congress, The International Campaign Against Terrorism, Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 107th Congress, First Session, October 25, 2001 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001), pp. 10。
U.S. Congress, Foreign Policy Overview and President’s Fiscal Year 2003 Foreign Affairs Budget Request, Hearing before Committee on Foreign Relations, United State Senate, 107th Congress, Second Session, February 5, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), pp. 15。
U.S.-Taiwan Business Council, “Defense and Security Report”, 3rd Quarter 2005。
U.S.-Taiwan Business Council, “Defense and Aerospace Report” , Second Quarter 2003; Bloomberg, July 10, 2003; “Defense Daily”, July 11, 2003; TDReview, September 19, 2003。
二、專書
Batchelor John, Perston Antony, and Casey Louis S., “Sea Power”, New York: Phoebus Publishing Company, 1979.
Brookes Peter T., “U.S.-Taiwan Defense Relations in the Bush Administration in Strategic Surprise? U.S.-China Relations in the Early Twenty – first Century”, ed., Jonathan D. Pollack, Newport, RD: Naval War College Press, 2003.
Chase, Michael S., “U.S.–Taiwan Security Cooperation: Enhancing an Unofficial Relationship,” in Nancy Bernkopf Tucker edited , Dangerous Strait: The U.S. – Taiwan – China Crisis, New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
Cliff Roger, Burles Mark, Chase Michael S., Eaton Derek, Pollpeter, Kevin, “Entering the Dragon’s Lair: Chinese Anti-access Strategies and Their implications for the United States”, Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2007。
Donovan John C., “The Policy Makers”, New York: Pegasus, 1970.
Dupuy Trevor N., “The Evolution of Weapons and Warfare,” Fairfax, Virginia: Da Capo Press, 1984.
Fuller J. F. C., “Armament and History: The Influence of Armament on History from the Dawn of Classical Warfare to the End of the Second World War”, New York: Da Capo Press, 1998.
Hill J. R., “Anti-Submarine Warfare,” Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 1985.
Jameson William, “The Most Formidable Thing: The Story of the Submarine from Its Earliest Days to the End of World WarΠ,” London: Rupert-Hart-Davis, 1965.
Jane’s Fighting Ship, 1989-90. Surry: Jane’s Information Group, 1989.
Ji You, “A Blue Water Navy: Does It Matter, in China Rising: Nationalism and Interdependence”,(eds.), S.G. David Goodman and Segal Gerald, London and New York: Routledge, 1997.
Kegley Jr. Charles W. and Wittkopf Eugene R., “American Foreign Policy: Patterns and Process”, 5th ed. New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.
Kissinger, Henry ,”American Foreign Policy”,New York:W. W. Norton and Co., Inc., 1977.
Lawless Richard, “Remarks to the U.S.-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference,” in San Antonio, Texas, February 13, 2003.
Middleton Drew, “Submarine: The Ultimate Naval Weapon- Its Past, Present & Future,”Chicago, Illinois: Playboy Press, 1976.
Peters B. Guy, “American Public Policy: Promise and Performance” , 2nd ed. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1986.
Reagan Ronald. “An American Life”,New York:Simon and Schuster, 1990.
Swaine, Michael,” Taiwan’s National Security, Defense Policy, and Weapons Procurement Process”, Rand, 1999.
Till Geoffrey, “Maritime Strategy in the Nuclear Age”, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.
White Theodore, “The Making of the President”, 1972, New York: Bantam, 1973.
Wolfowitz Paul, “Asia Democracy and American Interests”, Heritage Lecture, No.685,September 29, 2000.
三、期刊、雜誌
Bachman David, “The United States and China: Rhetoric and Reality,” Current History, Vol. 100, No. 647, September 2001, pp. 257-262.
Bush George W., “Remark and a Question-and-Answer Session at the American Society of Newspaper Editors Convention, April 5, 2001,” Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Vol. 37, No. 14 ,(April 9, 2001), pp 574-578.
Chase Michael S., “Taiwan’s Arms Procurement Debate and the Demise of the Special Budget Proposal,” Asian Survey, Vol. 48, No. 4 ,(July/August 2008), pp. 709-715;722-723.
Feigenbaum, Evan A. “China’s Military Posture and the New economic Geopolitics,” Survival, Vol. 41, No. 2,(Summer 1999), pp. 71-88.
Freedman Lawrence, “The Gulf War and the New World Order”, Survival, Vol. XXXⅢ, No. 3, May/June 1991, pp. 195-250.
Garver, John “Sino-American Relations in 2001,” International Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2,(Spring 2002), pp. 283-310.
Goldstein, Lyle and William, Murray “ Undersea Dragons: China’s Maturing Submarine Force,” International Security, Vol. 28, No.4, (Spring 2004), pp. 161-196.
Green, Michael J., “The United States and East Asia in the Unipolar Rea,” The Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 24, No. 4, (December 2001), pp. 20-32.
Hemmer, Christopher and Katzenstein Peter J., “Why Is No NATO in Asia ? Collective Identity, Regionalism, and the Origins of Multilateralism, “International Organization, Vol. 56, No. 3, (Summer 2002).
Hughes, Christopher “Living with ‘One Country, Two Systems’?” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 2(2001), pp. 121-134.
Ikenberry, G. John “American Grand Strategy in the Age of Terror,” Survival, Vol. 43, No. 4,(Winter2001-02), pp. 19-34.
Jaffe, Greg “U.S. Navy, Defense Industry Push Sale of Aegis Destroyers to Taiwan,” The Wall Street Journal, March 21, 2001.
Jiashu Huang,. “Peace Agreement: the Long Road Ahead,” China Security, Vol. 4, No. 1,(Winter 2008), pp. 31-46.
Joffe Josef, ”Bismarck or Britain ? Toward an American Grand Strategy After Bipolarity,” International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4, (Spring 1995).
Joffe Josef,” How America Does It, ”Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 5, (September/October 1997), pp. 13-27.
Kangan, Robert and Kristol William,” Will China Pay No Price?” The Weekly Standard, April 30, 2002.
Kaplan, Robert D., “How We Would Fight China,” The Atlantic Monthly, June 2005, pp. 53-59.
Kristol, William and Robert, Kagan “Toward a Neo-Reaganite Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 75, No. 4,(July/August 1996), pp. 18-32.
Lague, David “U.S. Hold Tighter to Taiwan’s Hand,” Far Eastern Economic Review, August 30, 2001, pp. 12-16.
Lampton, David M., “Cycles, Process, Post-APEC China US Relation”s”, Shanghai Institute on International Studies, September 3-4, 2001.
Lintner, Bertil “Arms for Eyes: Military Sales Raise China’s profile in Bay of Bengal,” Far Economic Review, December 16, 1993, pp. 26-29.
Louscher, David J., “The Rise of Military Sales as a U.S. Foreign Assistance Instrument,” Orbis, Vol. 20, No. 4, Winter 1977, pp. 933-957.
Medeiros, Evan S. and Fravel M. Taylor, “China’s New Diplomacy,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 82, No. 6,(November/December 2003), pp. 22-35.
Morrison, Charles E., “Track 1/Track 2 Symbiosis in Asia-Pacific Regionalism,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, January 2004, pp. 22-25.
Minnick, Wendell, “Hurdles Await Taiwan Efforts to Move Forward on Submarines,” Defense News, March 17, 2008.
Minnick, Wendell, “Taiwan Claims U.S. Navy is Sabotaging SSK Plans,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, February 15, 2006.
Noo Jurrient, “Introduction,” Jane’s Naval Construction and Retrofit Markets, Vol. 18, August 11, 2003.
Novichkov, Nikolai “China’s Russian Kilo Buy May Put Song Submarine Future in Doubt,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, June 12, 2002, p. 3.
Nye, Jr. Joseph S., “Limits of American Power,” in Demetrios James Caraley(ed.), American Hegemony, Preventive War, Iraq, and Imposing Democracy,(New York: The Academy of Political Science, 2004), pp. 105-119.
Pan Chenhxin, “Neoconservatism, US-China Conflict, and Australia’s Great and Powerful Friends’ Dilemma,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 19, No. 4(December 2006), pp. 429-448.
Peo, Maureen, Lawrence Susan V., “Hands Across the Water,” Far Eastern Economic Review, December 14, 2000, pp. 22-26.
Perrin Andrew, “What Taiwan Wants,” Times, March 15, 2004, pp. 34-38.
Posen, Barry R., “Command of the Commons: The Military Foundation of U.S. Hegemony,” International Security, Vol. 28, No. 1(Summer 2003), pp. 5-46.
Searle, Anna and Ippel, Kamae “Anchoring Trilateralism: Can Australia-Japan-US Security Relations Work?” Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 58, No. 4,(December 2004), pp. 464- 478.
Sheng, Lijun “The Taiwan Issues: Does China Have Strategy?” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1(2002), pp. 127-143.
Shambaugh, David, “Sino-American Relations Since September 11: Can the New Stability Last?” Current History, Vol. 102, No. 656 (September 2002), pp. 240-251.
Swaine Michael, “Reverse Course?” The Fragile Turnaround in U.S.-China Relations,” Policy Brief , Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, No. 22, February 2003.
Swaine, Michael D. “Trouble in Taiwan,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 2(March/April 2004), pp. 44-45.
Swaine, Michael “Straight Thinking on Taiwan,” Far Eastern Economic Review, April 6, 2000, p. 36.
Tyler Patrick, A Great Wall: Six President and China, Honolulu, Hawaii, CSIS-Pacific Forum, Vol. 3, No. 3, October 2001, p. 386.
Vatikiotis, Michael and Pao Maureen, “Just a Pawn in the Superpower Game,” Far Eastern Economic Review, April 26, 2001, pp. 14-18.
Zoellick, Robert, “A Republican Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 79, No. 1(January/February 2000), pp. 63-78.
Zhongqi Pan, “US Taiwan Policy of Strategic Ambiguity: a Dilemma of Deterrence,” Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 12, No. 35 (May 2003), pp. 387-407.
四、報紙
Allen, Mike and Steven, Mufson “Bush Backs Diplomacy, But Also Warms China,” The Washington Post, April 10, 2001, p. A.1.
“Bush Names Asian Instability Spot”, China Post, November 14, 1991, p. 1.
”Bush on the Source of Instability in Asia”, China News, November 14, 1991, p. 1.
“DPP to Blame for Arms Delay: Lien”, China Post, July 12, 2005.
Eckholm, Erik “China Says Taiwan Cannot Continue Delaying Reunion,” The New York Times, February 22, 2000, p. A. 1.
Fletcher Michael A., “Bush’s Approval Rating Drops to New Low in Wake of Storm,” The Washington Post, September 13, 2005, p. A. 9.
Gertz, Bill, “House Member Urges Radar Sales to Taiwan,” Washington Times, April 27, 1999.
Glenn, Kessler, “Top U.S. Officials Stalling Taiwan Arms Package,” Washington Post, June 12, 2008, p. A14.
Gordon, Michael, “Secret U.S. Study Concludes Taiwan Needs New Arms,” New York Times, April 1, 2001.
Gray, Schmitt, Thomas, Donnely “Arms and Taiwan, Our Interest Lie with Theirs,” The Washington Post, April 23, 2000, p. B. 4.
Joffe Josef, “Bismarck’s Lessons for Bush,” The New York Times, May 29, 2002, p. A. 21.
Letter from Richard Lawless to Taiwan’s Defense Minister Lee Jye, June 27, 2006; Jim Wolf, “U.S. Clear Two-Stage Path to Taiwan Submarine Deal,” Reuters, July 14, 2006.
Minnick, Wendell “$12B in Taiwan Arms Deals Suspended for Talks,” Defense News, June 16, 2008, p. 1.
Myers, Steven Lee “Bush Candidate for Defense Job See Overhaul,” The New York Times, January 12, 2001, p. A. 1.
O’ Hanlon Michael, “The Right Arms for Taiwan” The Washington Post, April 14, 2001, p. A. 17.
Pomfret John, “China Warns Taiwan That Attack May Be ’Unavoidable’,” The Washington Post, November 20, 2003, p. A. 28.
Pomfret John, “China, Taiwan Ask U.S. to Intervene; Request to Ease Dispute Marks Changes in Policy,” The Washington Post, May 12, 2000, p. A. 1
Ricks, Thomas E., “Pentagon Study May bring Big Shake-Up; Unconventional Defense Thinker Conducting Review,” The Washington Post, February 9, 2001, p. A. 1.
Safirre William,”the En-en document”, The New York Times, August 25, 1994, p. A21.
Schmitt Gary, Thomas Donnely, “Arms and Taiwan, Our Interest Lie with Theirs,” The Washington Post, April 23, 2000.
Safire William, “Octogenarina Futurist,” The New York Times, April 16, 2001, p. A. 19.
Shanker, Thom “U.S. Resumes Its Spy Flights Close to China,” The New York Times, May 8, 2001, p. A. 1.
Snyder, Charles “U.S. Arms Decision Made Last Christmas,” Taipei Times, June 20, 2008, p. 1.
Schmitt, Gray, Thomas, Donnely “Arms and Taiwan, Our Interest Lie with Theirs,” The Washington Post, April 23, 2000, p. B. 4.
Shenon, Philip “U.S. Plan to Sell Radar to Taiwan to Monitor China,” New York Times, April 30, 1999.
Tsai, Ting-I “U.S. Weapons Package for Taiwan Stall,” Wall Street Journal, July 21, 2008, p. 3.
Tsao, Nadia “Pentagon Report Says Taiwan Can Handle AEGIS,” Taipei Times, September 27, 2000.
Tsao, Nadia, “Pentagon Report Says Taiwan Can Handle AEGIS,” Taipei Times, September 27, 2000.
“US to Evaluate Military’s Logistics,” Taipei Times, December 11, 2003, p. 4.
“U.S. Seeks to Avoid Role as China-Taiwan Mediator,” The Washington Post, May 14, 2000, p. A. 12.
“US Military Cooperation now Closer,” Taipei Times, August 26, 2005, p. 1.
“US Warns Taiwan Against UN Referendum,” Deutsche Press- Agentur, December 7, 2007.
“US Military Cooperation now Closer,” Taipei Times, August 26, 2005, p. 1.
Uchitelle Louis, “Economy Expected to Absorb Effects of Military Cuts,” New York Times, April 15, 1990.
Wolf, Jim, “Pentagon Official Says Taiwan Short on Weapons,” Reuters, December 7, 2005.
Zakaria, Fareed, “Bush’s Missed-Boat Diplomacy, “The Washington Post, March 12, 2006, p. A. 13.

參、網路
中國國務院台灣事務辦公室,國務院領導同志講話,「王在希:公投制憲是一項極其危險的舉動」,2003年11月19日。URL:http://www.gwytb.gov.cn/zyjh/zyjh2.asp。
中國國務院台灣事務辦公室,國務院領導同志講話,「國台辦正告台灣當局停止借公投立法搞台獨」,2003年11月17日。URL:http://www.gwytb.gov.cn/zyjh/zyjh0.asp?zyjh_m_id=700。
立法院第6屆第1會期國防委員會第13次全體委員會議紀錄,《立法院公報》,第94卷,第27期,委員會紀錄,94年4月14日;http://lci.ly.gov.tw/1cew/1dad000.jsp?irKey=%E6%BD%9B%E8%89%A6&htmlType=communique&fileName=communique/final/html/91/38/LCIDC01_913801_00004.htm。
美國在台協會網站:http://www.ait.org.tw/en/about_ait/tra/.
「美國在台協會台北辦事處處長楊甦棣5月3日記者會」,2007年5月3日,台北。URL:http://www.ait.org.tw/zh/news/officialtext/viewer.aspx?id=2007050302。
〈美通知國會對台軍售 袁建生:大門已開〉,中時電子報,2008年10月6日;www.iao.mnd.mil.tw:8080/MIKSEX/mergeDoc.jsp?newsId=574949。
章念馳,「入聯公投與兩岸關係」,中國評論新聞網,2007年9月11日;http://www.chianreviews.com/doc/1004/4/7/2/100447201.html。
〈陳總統:320公投 捍衛國家主權〉,《聯合報》,2003年11月30日,http://udn.com/PE2004/topic/20031002359825560/200312160557636.shtml。
湯惠芸,〈陳水扁聲稱「入聯公投」並非挑釁〉,《美國之音》,2007年9月13日;http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/7/9/14/n1833389.htm。
楊孟瑜,〈阿扁:以公投反飛彈與戰爭〉,BBC,2003年12月7日, http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/chinese/news/newsid_3298000/32984092.stm。
鄒景雯,〈台美高層溝通 未因台灣公投停滯〉,《自由時報》,2005年1月18日。http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2005/new/jan/18/today-p2.htm。
趙曉慧,〈陳水扁回應布溫會談:將如期舉行防衛性公投〉,《大紀元報》,2003年12月10日。http://www.dajiyuan.com/b5/3/12/10/n427038.htm。
“Armitage questions motives behind Taiwan referendum.” Asian Political News, February 2, 2004. URL:http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0WDQ/is_/ai_112902857?tag=artBody;coll。
Bush, George W. “A Period of Consequences,” The Citadel, South Carolina, September 23, 1999; URL://http:www.citadel.edu/pao/addresses/pres_bush.html。
Charles Snyder, “U.S. Says Arms Sales to Taiwan Won’t Change Relations,” Taipei Times, November 3, 2001;URL:http://www.nti.org/db/china/twnchr.htm。
Dumbaugh, Kerry “Taiwan-US Relations: Recent Developments and their Policy Implications, “CRS Report for Congress, October 27, 2008: URL:http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/112057.pdf。
“Expressing the Sense of Congress Regarding Enhanced Security for Taiwan,”;URL:http://www.fapa.org/Aegis/hcr219.html。
George W. Bush, “Statement by the President on American Plane and Crew in China, April 2, 2001,”URL:http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/04/20010402-2.html。
Gertz, Bill”China Tests Ballistic Missile Submarine,” The Washington Times, December 3,2004. URL:http://www.washtimes.com/national/20041202-115302-2338r.htm。
http://www.disam.dsca.mil/DR/21%20Appendix%203.pdf。
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http://www.disam.dsca.mil/DR/03%20Chapter.pdf。
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“Interview by Naichian Mo of Phoenix TV—John Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State,” Washington, D.C., August 27, 2007;URL:http://www.state.gov/s/d/2007/91479.htm。
John Pomfret, “Taiwan Gets Its Weapons…At Least Some of Them,” October 3, 2008, http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/postglobal/pomfretschina/2008/10/taiwan_gets_its_weaponsa。
Joseph Kahn, “Taiwan’s Strategic Miscalculation,” New York Times, December 10, 2003. URL: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9807E3D71F3DF933A25751C1A9659C8B63。
Jim Lobe, “China Hawk Settles in Neocons’ Nest,” Foreign Policy In Focus, May 12, 2003; URL://http:www.fpif.org/commentary/2003/0305friedberg.html。
Kerry Dumbaugh, “Taiwan-US Relations: Recent Developments and their Policy Implications, “CRS Report for Congress, October 27, 2008: URL:http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/112057.pdf。
Kahn, Joseph “Taiwan’s Strategic Miscalculation,” New York Times, December 10, 2003. URL: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9807E3D71F3DF933A25751C1A9659C8B63。
Murray Hiebert, The Bush presidency: Implications for Asia, Asia Society Publications, January 2001. URL:http://www.asiasociety.org/publications/update_bush.html。
“President Bush and Premier Wen Jiabao Remarks to the Press in Photo Opportunity, the Oval Office,” Office of the Press Secretary, December 9, 2003. URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/12/20031209-2.html。
“President Bush and Premier Wen Jiabao Remarks to the Press in Photo Opportunity, the Oval Office,” Office of the Press Secretary, December 9, 2003. URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/12/20031209-2.html。
“Press Conference by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice,” Washington, D.C., December 21, 2007;URL://http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2007/12/97945.htm。
“Press Briefing on the President’s Trip to Australia and the APEC Summit by Senior Administration Officials,” James S. Brady Briefing Room, Office of the Press Secretary, August 30, 2007;URL:http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2007/08/20070830-2.html。
“Remarks by the President and Vice Premier of China Qian Qichen in Photo Opportunity,”;URL:http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/03/20010322-12.html。
Roy, Denny “U.S.-Taiwan Arms Sales: the Perils of Doing Business with Friends,” Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3(April 2004),pp.1-4. URL:http://www.apcss.org/Publications/APSSS/Roy-TaiwanArms.pdf。
“Secretary Colin L. Powell Interview on Phoenix TV with Anthony Yuen,” January 16, 2004. URL:http://www.state.gov/secretary/former/powell/remarks/28218.htm。
Sanger, David “U.S. asks Taiwan to avoid a vote provoking China,” New York Times, December 9, 2003. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A03EFDE1E3DF93AA35751C1A9659C8B63。
“Speech to U.S.-Taiwan Business Council, Defense Industry Conference,” Thomas J. Christensen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, September 11, 2007, Annapolis, Maryland;URL://http://www.us-taiwan.org/reports/2007_sept11_thomas_christensen_speech.pdf。
Stephen Young, “Press Conference,” American Culture Center, October 26, 2006, http://www.ait.org.tw/EN/news/speeches/docs/20061026-dir.pdf。
Shambaugh, David “From the White House, All Zigzags Lead to China,” The Washington Post, February 17, 2002, URL:http://www.taiwansecurity.org/WP/2002/WP-021702.htm。
Sanger, David E. “U.S. Shies Away from Threats in Plane Standoff With China,” The New York Times, April 10, 2001. URL:http://www.nytimes,com/2001/04/10/world/10PLAN.html。
Secretary Colin L. Powell, Confirmation Hearing by Colin L. Powell, Testimony before the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, January 17, 2001. URL:http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2001/443.htm。
Sutter, Robert “Grading Bush’s China Policy,” PACNET(Honolulu, CSIS Pacific Forum),No. 10, March 8, 2002.URL:http://www.csis.org/pacfor/pac0210.htm。
The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “Remarks by the President Upon the Return from China of U.S. Service Members, April 12, 2001,”URL:http://usinfo.state.gov/regional/ea/uschina/crewrose.htm。
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U.S. Department of Defense, The Security Situation in the Taiwan Strait: DoD Report to Congress Pursuant to the FY99 Appropriations Bill(Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense, February 26,1999), pp 3, 5, 10, 12, 26.URL:http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/twstrait_02261999.doc。
U.S. Department of State, “Press Conference With Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Admiral Dennis C. Blair, Foreign Minister Alexander Downer, Minister of Defense peter Reith, and Admiral Chris Barrie, Secretary Colin L. Powell, Canberra, July 30, 2001.” URL: http://www.state.gov/secretary/former/powell/remarks/2001/4350.htm。
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U.S. Department of State, “Daily Press Briefing, Adam Ereli, Deputy Spokesman, December 6, 2004,”URL:http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/dpb/2004/39460.htm。
U.S. Department of State, “Statement of James A. Kelly Assistant Secretary of State-Nominee East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, April 26, 2001,”URL:http://usinfo.state.gov/regional/ea/easec/kelly426.htm。
U.S. Department of State, “Confirmation Hearing by Secretary-Designate Colin L. Powell, January 17, 2001.”;URL:http://www.state.gov/secretary/former/powell/remarks/2001/443.htm。
U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, ”News Transcript: Media Roundtable with Secretary Rumsfeld at Shangri-La Dialogue, Singapore,” June 4, 2006. URL:http://www.defenselink.mil/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=12。
U.S. Department of State, “The Future of Political , Economic and Security Relations with China, John D. Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State, Testimony Before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, May 1, 2007.” URL:http://www.state.gov/s/d/2007/84118.htm。
U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, “The US Role in Taiwan’s Defense Reforms, Michael Pillsbury, February 29, 2004,” URL:http://www.uscc.gov/researchpapers/research_archive.php。
U.S. Department of Defense, The Security Situation in the Taiwan Strait: DoD Report to Congress Pursuant to the FY99 Appropriations Bill(Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense, February 26, 1999), pp. 3, 5, 19, 12, 26. URL:http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/twstrait_02261999.doc。
U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, “The US Role in Taiwan’s Defense Reforms, Michael Pillsbury, February 29, 2004,” URL:http://www.uscc.gov/researchpapers/research_archive.php。

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