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研究生:涂芳瑜
研究生(外文):Fang-Yu Tu
論文名稱:台灣被子植物之葉部蟲室研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the leaf domatia of the angiosperms in Taiwan
指導教授:蔡進來蔡進來引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jinn-Lai Tsai
口試委員:陳明義楊正澤王秋美
口試日期:2011-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:生命科學系所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:捕食性蜱蟎捕食性蜱蟎捕食性蜱蟎捕食性蜱蟎捕食性蜱蟎
外文關鍵詞:angiospermleaf domatiumphytophagous mitepredaceous mitemutualism
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蟲室為植物體葉片上之小型構造物,位於被子植物葉背中肋與側脈之交接處,主要功能是提供與植物互利共生的生物有躲避天敵、產卵、生長、蛻皮之安全處。蟲室中居住的動物主要為節肢動物蜱蟎類,對於植物而言,共生的捕食性蜱蟎來回穿梭於植物體上捕食和驅趕食草性蜱蟎,間接保護植物避免受到啃食,以及幫助植物授粉,增進果實產量;而食菌性蜱蟎則會以植物體上寄生之真菌孢子和菌絲為食物,間接去除對植物有害的病原體,防止真菌感染。本研究於檢閱國外相關文獻資料後,調查台灣本島具有蟲室之被子植物,共收集台灣中低海拔常見之27科49屬60種葉部蟲室植物,觀察後記錄與拍照,並利用掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察蟲室細微構造,結果發現共九種形態,分別為:(1)腺窩 (2)口袋狀 (3)毛叢 (4)邊緣反捲 (5)腺窩-毛叢複合形 (6)口袋狀-毛叢複合形 (7)邊緣反捲-毛叢複合形 (8)腺窩-口袋狀複合形 (9)葉柄翼反捲。由調查分析得知,蟲室的自然出現頻度,以茜草科居冠,其餘則分散至各科內;將資料彙集整理成基本資料庫,以供爾後有關蟲室資源開發利用研究之參考。

Leaf domatia are minute structure in vein axils on the abaxial surface of leaves of many angiosperms. It can mediate mutualism between mites and plant, and mites used them for shelter, ovipositing, developing and molting. Benefits for plants that shelter predaceous mites can crawling over plants and drive phytophagous mites away, reduce vegetative damage, increase plant reproduction and fruits. The fungivorous mites as fungus’s spores and hypha in plants as food, remove harmful pathogen indirectly. According to the recording references we collect 27 families, 49 genera and 60 species of leaf domatia of common angiosperms in the low and median habitats of Taiwan. The leaf domatia surface were examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show there are nine morphological types in the observation of leaf domatia: (1) pit (2) pocket (3) hair tuft (4) revolute leaf margin (5) pit-hair tuft combination (6) pocket-hair tuft combination (7) revolute leaf margin-hair tuft combination (8) pit-pocket combination (9) revolute petiole wing. The plants of Rubiaceae most abundantly occur the leaf domatia relatively, and the other are dispersed to various families. Our studies for leaf domatia can compile to make into basic database, provide the reference in researching leaf domatia resource.

中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目次 iii
表目錄 1
圖目錄 2
前言 5
前人研究 7
一、蟲室植物之研究 7
二、蟲室生態功能之研究 9
三、蟲室之解剖學研究 10
四、蟲室效用之研究 11
材料與方法 12
一、查閱相關文獻資料 12
二、野外調查與材料採集 12
三、調查蟲室植物之資料處理 12
四、建立蟲室植物基本資料庫 13
結果 14
討論 33
一、 蟲室與遺傳性狀之關係 33
二、 蟲室之效用 33
1. 蟲室與病蟲害防治之關係 33
2. 蟲室與農業生產之關係 34
三、 蟲室與系統分類之關係 34
四、 蟲室之綜合討論 35
結論 37
參考文獻 38
附錄一 蟲室植物之蟲室資料 110
附錄二 蟲室植物採集名錄 118
附錄三 無葉部蟲室植物採集名錄 122

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