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研究生:陳彥希
研究生(外文):Yen-Hsi Chen
論文名稱:刑事警察風險知覺對安全績效影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Risk perception of criminal investigation police on the influence of safety performance
指導教授:李國義李國義引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Yi Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:119
中文關鍵詞:刑事警察風險知覺安全績效結構方程模式
外文關鍵詞:criminal policerisk perceptionsafety performanceSEM
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本研究旨在探討刑事警察風險知覺對安全績效之影響,使用的研究方法包括文獻分析法及問卷調查法,研究對象為桃園縣、彰化縣、雲林縣及屏東縣警察局之刑事警察。運用立意抽樣法,抽取520位對象進行施測,剔除無效問卷後,有效樣本411份,採用SPSS及AMOS軟體進行資料分析。本研究的組成信度及各構面的Cronbach α值都在0.7 以上,均達到顯著的水準,所以本研究具有不錯的信度及效度。而在整體配適度方面,χ2/df=2.611,CFI=0.929,NFI=0.899、IFI=0.93,RMSEA=0.072,所以本研究模式具有不錯的解釋力,以下為本研究所得到的結論:
1、風險知覺對安全績效的徑路分析方面,安全文化的中介效果不成立,但整體直接效果達到顯著水準,所以警察機關要特別注意個別員警的風險知覺訓練,才能提昇安全績效水準。
2、安全領導對安全績效的徑路分析方面,整體直接效果及中介效果達到顯著水準,所以警察機關在提昇警察的安全績效水準時,除了注重警察首長的安全領導能力之外,尚需注意警察機關內部的安全文化的落實,才能有效提昇員警的安全績效水準。
3、組織支持對安全文化及安全績效之干擾效果分析中,P值沒有顯著差異,可得知組織支持對安全文化和安全績效沒有干擾。
4、風險知覺對安全績效之評估模式,經由多群組分析之後未達顯著水準,可得知在刑事警察的安全績效不會因工作年資之差異而有所影響。
5、本研究模式的潛在變項包括風險知覺、安全領導、安全文化、安全績效和組織支持,可以完整且多方面探討刑事警察的風險知覺對安全績效的影響,此為本研究的學術貢獻之一。

This study aimed to investigate the impact of criminal investigation police risk perceiving of safety performance. We used two research methods including document analysis and questionnaires, subjects including the Bureau of Criminal Police in Taoyuan County, Changhua County, Yunlin County and Pingtung County. By using the purposive sampling method, we collected 520 observed data. After removing the invalid questionnaires, 411 valid samples remain, using SPSS and AMOS software for data analysis. In this study, the composition of the dimensions of reliability and the Cronbach α values are above 0.7 and reached the level of significance, this study has a good reliability and validity. In terms of overall fitness, χ2/df = 2.611, CFI = 0.929, NFI = 0.899, IFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.072, so that the model has good explanatory power, the Institute concluded the following based:
1.In the risk perception of the safety performance of the path analysis, the mediating effect of safety culture does not established, but the direct effect of the overall reaches the significant level. So, the police should pay particular attention to risk perceptions of individual training for the police to improve safety performance standards.
2.In the path analysis of safety leadership and safety performance, the direct effect of overall and mediation has reached to significant level. So, when the police department improving safety performance standards of the police, they should pay more attention in not only the security chief of police leadership, but also the implementation of safety culture in internal organization. Therefore, they can effectively enhance the standard of police safety performance.
3.In the interference effect analysis of the safety culture and safety performance toward organizational support, the P value has no significantly difference. So we can know that there’s no interference in organizational support in safety culture and safety performance.
4.In the safety performance assessment model of risk perception through the multi-group analysis, we know that it is not reach the significant level. So we can know that there is no difference in safety performance of criminal investigation police because of the work experience.
5.The potential variables in this model including risk perception, safety leadership, safety culture, safety performance and organizational support. You can completely investigate the risk perception of the criminal police, the impact on safety performance in many aspects. And this is one of the academic contribution of this study.

目錄 I
表目錄 III
圖目錄 V
一、緒 論 6
1-1 研究背景與動機 6
1-2 研究目的 8
1-3 研究範圍與限制 9
1-4 研究方法與步驟 10
1-5 名詞解釋 12
二、文獻探討 15
2-1 刑事警察之相關文獻 15
2-2 風險知覺之相關文獻 19
2-3 安全績效相關文獻 24
2-4 安全領導相關文獻 28
2-5 安全文化相關文獻 32
2-6 組織支持相關文獻 38
2-7 各構面相關文獻 41
三、研究設計 48
3-1 研究架構 48
3-2 研究模式 49
3-3 研究假設 49
3-4 問卷發展與施測 50
3-5 預試 58
3-6 抽樣設計 60
四、資料分析與討論 62
4-1 基本資料檢視 62
4-2 個別測量模式配適評鑑 68
4-3 信度與效度分析 75
4-4 檢定力分析 80
4-5 交叉效度分析 80
4-6 研究架構之整體性分析 82
4-7 整體架構直接與間接效果分析 87
4-8 研究假設分析 88
4-9 干擾變數分析 92
4-10 多群組分析 92
五、結論與建議 101
5-1 結論 101
5-2 建議 103
參考文獻 104
附件一 117


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