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研究生:黃偉育
研究生(外文):Wei-YuHuang
論文名稱:台灣北部地區大氣中戴奧辛/?喃之特徵
論文名稱(外文):Characteristics of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans of the Atmosphere in Northern Taiwan
指導教授:李文智李文智引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Jhy Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:戴奧辛?喃氣固相分佈乾沉降大氣
外文關鍵詞:DioxinsFuransGas/particle partitioningDry depositionAtmosphere
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本研究目的為了解台灣北部焚化廠周界大氣中PCDD/Fs的特徵,本研究分別針對台灣北部三座焚化廠周界地區進行兩季大氣PCDD/Fs濃度之採樣調查,第一季為8月到10月;第二季則為12月到2月,共計42個空氣樣品進行17種PCDD/Fs異構物分析。三座焚化廠周界地區平均總PCDD/Fs濃度分別為0.36、0.449和0.575 pg/Nm3; 以毒性觀點論之,三座焚化廠周界地區平均總I-TEQ濃度分別為0.0207、0.0272和0.0297 pg I-TEQ/Nm3,位於台灣北部焚化廠周界大氣中PCDD/Fs平均濃度皆以第二季大氣中PCDD/Fs平均濃度較高。從特徵剖面濃度來看,三座焚化廠均以OCDD、1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HCDF和OCDF所占比例最高,所佔比例超過50%。進一步研究大氣中氣相及粒狀物相PCDD/Fs濃度,本研究發現北部三座焚化廠周界大氣中PCDD/Fs粒狀物相濃度所占比例以高氯數PCDD/Fs(HpCDDs、OCDD、HpCDFs及OCDF)為最高,中氯數PCDD/Fs(PeCDDs及HxCDFs)次之,而低氯數PCDD/Fs(TeCDDs及TeCDFs)則為最低,大氣中PCDD/Fs濃度以粒狀物相為主要貢獻,而大氣中PCDD/Fs I-TEQ濃度則以氣相為主要貢獻。乾沉降通量部分,PCDD/Fs乾沉降均以粒狀物相沉降為主,台灣北部三座焚化廠周界地區兩季之平均PCDD/Fs乾沉降通量分別為131、196和217 pg/m2-day,皆以第二季之PCDD/Fs乾沉降通量較高。
The objectives of the present study were to know the characteristics of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in northern Taiwan. These areas were chosen to sample the concentrations of PCDD/Fs in the atmosphere in the vicinity of three municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs), a total of 42 air samples were collected and analyzed for 17 PCDD/Fs. The mean PCDD/Fs concentrations at these areas were 0.36, 0.449 and 0.575 pg/Nm3, respectively. The mean TEQ concentrations at these areas were 0.0207, 0.0272 and 0.0297 pg I-TEQ/Nm3, respectively. From the Comparison of PCDD/Fs congener profiles in the vicinity of three MSWIs, Part of OCDD, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD and OCDF were much high proportion. According to the percentage of gas-particle partitioning in the ambient air, the PCDD/Fs concentrations in the atmosphere were mainly in particle phase. For dry depositions, the dominant mechanism of the dry deposition was the particle-phase deposition. The PCDD/F dry deposition fluxes in the vicinity of three MSWIs in the atmosphere were 131,196 and 217 pg/m2-day, respectively.
中文摘要 I
Abstract III
致謝 V
Table of Contents VI
List of Table Captions VIII
List of Figure Captions X
1. Introduction 1
2. Literature review 3
2.1. Chemical properties of PCDD/Fs 4
2.2. Toxic equivalency factors for PCDD/Fs 6
2.3. Formation mechanism of PCDD/Fs 10
2.4.PCDD/F sources in the atmosphere 14
2.5. Gas/particle partitioning 20
2.6. Dry deposition processes of PCDD/Fs 21
3. Experimental section 23
3.1. Sampling of PCDD/Fs 23
3.1.1. Sampling of PCDD/Fs from the stack flue gases 23
3.1.2. Sampling of PCDD/Fs from the ambient air 23
3.2. Analyses of PCDD/Fs 30
4. Results and Discussion 33
4.1. Characteristics of PCDD/Fs in the ambient air in the vicinity of MSWIs 33
4.2. Gas-particle partitioning in the ambient air of MSWIs 38
4.3. Dry deposition of PCDD/Fs 52
5. Conclusions and suggestions 59
5.1. Conclusions 59
5.2. Suggestions 61
References 62
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