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研究生:洪家雯
研究生(外文):Hung, Chiawen
論文名稱:探討新興工業化國家的創新績效決定因素-以台灣半導體產業為例
論文名稱(外文):What Factors Determine Innovation Performance In Newly Industrialized Economies? Evidence From Taiwanese Semiconductor Industry
指導教授:許文忠許文忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Wenchung
口試委員:林欣美張庭彰
口試委員(外文):Lin, HsinmeiChang, Tingchang
口試日期:2011-05-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:國際企業學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:創新績效海外直接投資研發產業聚落
外文關鍵詞:innovation performanceFDIR&Dindustry cluster
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儘管已經有許多關於產業聚落、海外直接投資、研發強度及外國資本投入的相關文獻,協助並增進本研究對於創新績效決定因素的了解,然而很少有研究將以上這些因素連結在一起進行研究。因此,本研究將整合這些因素的理論發展,目的是為了能夠從更多面向來建立觀念架構,以期更完整的解釋影響新興工業化國家創新績效的決定因素。本研究以台灣半導體產業為探討對象,並經實證分析顯示產業聚落、海外直接投資、研發強度及外國資本投入對於創新績效有顯著的解釋能力,然而,本研究也發現這些因素並不是一直對創新績效有顯著的影響,因為這些因素對創新績效的影響效果會受到科技機會(technological opportunities)、外資持股程度(the level of foreign presence)和產業聚落(cluster)所影響,意味著之前針對於產業聚落、海外直接投資、研發強度及外國資本投入的整合性研究結果可能並不完整,本研究則進一步再以科技機會、外資持股程度及產業聚落的分群下,來探討這些因素與創新績效的關係。
Although the literatures on cluster, foreign direct investment, R&D intensity and
foreign capital have assisted significantly in improving our understanding regarding the determinants of innovation performance, there has been little research concerning the way in which each informs the other. Integrating theoretical developments from all four literatures, we propose and test a multidimensional conceptual framework that allows us to explain more fully what determines innovation performance in newly industrializing economies. Take semiconductor industry-level dataset in Taiwan for example, the empirical analysis indicates that it has significant power in explaining variations in innovation performance. Nevertheless, our findings also show that factors such as cluster, foreign direct investment, R&D intensity and foreign capital do not always have positive consequences. However, they indicate that their effects are moderated by technological opportunities、the level of foreign presence and cluster, implying that previous mixed findings regarding the role of cluster, foreign direct investment, R&D intensity and foreign capital may be the result of incomplete theorizing about the factors that moderate the relationship between innovation performance and these factors.

第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機........................ 1
第二節 研究目的........................ 4
第三節 研究流程........................ 5
第二章 文獻回顧
第一節 創新績效........................ 6
第二節 產業聚落與創新績效的關聯性............... 9
第三節 海外直接投資與創新績效的關聯性.............12
第四節 研發強度與創新績效的關聯性...............18
第五節 外國資本投入與創新績效的關聯性.............20
第六節 以科技機會、外資持股程度及產業聚落來分群下衡量各因素對
創新績效的影響.....................22
第七節 公司規模及公司成立年資與創新績效的關係.........25
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構........................26
第二節 研究假說........................27
第三節 研究設計........................28
第四章 研究結果與分析
第一節 敘述性統計.......................33
第二節 各因素與創新績效的關聯性分析..............34
第三節 分群下衡量各因素對創新績效的影響分析..........38
第四節 假設驗證結果......................48
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究結論........................ 49
第二節 研究建議與限制..................... 52
第六章 參考文獻
英文文獻............................55
中文文獻............................65

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>中文文獻
1. 馬維揚、林卓民和楊永列,(2003),「決定高科技產業研究發展支出因素之探討」,產業論壇,第五卷第二期,193-221。
2. 陳建隆,徐芳霞,(2003),「防禦型對外直接投資與內生化研發水準」,經濟論文,第三十一卷第四期,577-603。
3. 曹壽民及陳光政,(2009),「創新活動、國際化與公司績效:以台灣上市公司之國外直接投資檢測」,管理學報,第二十七卷第三期,205-224
4. 鄒孟文、劉錦添,(1997),「外人直接投資對台灣製造業波及效果之實證」,經濟論文叢刊,第二十五卷第二期,155-181。
5. 蔡明田、莊立民、盧嘉振,(2004),「台灣中小企業CEO 外部環境認知對技術策略、創新績效與組織績效關係影響之研究」,科技管理學刊,第九卷第三期:1-32。
6. 劉孟俊,陳信宏,(2007),「跨國研發網絡與研發國際化:海外子公司的分析觀點」,臺大管理論叢,第十八卷第一期,211-237。
7. 蔡宜臻,邱俊榮,(2007),「對外直接投資與研究發展」,經濟論文,第三十五卷第一期,53-82。

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