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研究生(外文):Chang, Minfu
論文名稱:檢驗產業群聚的外溢效果: 關係鏈結的觀點
論文名稱(外文):Examine the spillovers of Industry cluster: the perspective of relational linkage
指導教授(外文):Hung, Chialiang
口試委員(外文):Yu, TzuyiChou, Chihlung
外文關鍵詞:Industry clusterPartnershipScience park
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This study measures spillover effects of science parks to explore whether the linkage of companies in science parks is closer by means of industry cluster. Hence, this study uses the perspective of relational linkage to focus on interactions and cooperation of strategies among firms, and how these firms further utilize them to promote performances on turnovers and number of patents.
The result shows that the promotion of industry clusters and R&D expenditure do increase chances of interactions and cooperation among firms within science parks. Besides, there are significant trends of growth in both numbers of cooperation and the degree of linkage among companies. It is helpful for companies to increase number of patents by numbers of cooperating and interacting with each other. It is because relation linkage is a key element for knowledge transfer, and also contributes to the turnover. Therefore, firms located in a science park possess more pleasant performance than off park firms by means of linkage.
In addition, the result also indicates that there is a negative significance between companies’ R&D spillovers. Furthermore, by analyzing the partners, it shows that companies within science parks tend to look for cooperation overseas which implies that science parks in Taiwan rely on international interactions. Thus, the study infers that as companies cooperate with foreign firms, fierce competitive relationship exists among domestic companies for cooperating overseas. During the cooperation period with foreign firms, domestic companies must individually invest in R&D actions trying to fit in the techniques that are transferred from other countries in order to get chances to cooperate with more other foreign firms. Finally, the result also shows that since spillover effects do no present to strategic investment, it means that firms within science parks in Taiwan have competitive relationship with each other.

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3研究流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
2.1 科學工業園區 4
2.2 產業群聚 5
2.2.1 區域創新 6
2.2.2 外溢效果 7
2.3 交流活動 8
2.3.1 交流目的 8
2.3.2 交流關係 8
2.3.3 小結 12
第三章 研究方法 13
3.1 研究設計與模型 13
3.1.1 研究假說 13
3.1.2 研究模型 15
3.2 樣本分析與架構 19
3.2.1 樣本 19
3.2.2 資料收集方式 21
第四章 資料分析與結果 25
4.1廠商對交流合作之檢測 26
4.1.1廠商對交流次數 26
4.1.2廠商對交流緊密程度 29
4.2 交流合作對績效表現之檢測 32
4.2.1交流合作對營業額 32
4.2.2交流合作對專利數 34
4.3 廠商對績效表現之檢測 37
4.3.1 廠商對營業額 37
4.3.2 廠商對專利數 40
4.4 路徑分析 43
4.4.1 廠商對營業額-直接效果與間接效果 53
4.4.2 廠商對專利數-直接效果與間接效果 53
4.5 趨勢之檢測 54
4.6 歷年之趨勢 56
4.6.1 廠商對交流次數之趨勢 56
4.6.2 廠商對交流緊密程度之趨勢 57
4.6.3 交流合作對營業額之趨勢 57
4.6.4 交流合作對專利之趨勢 58
4.7 卡方考驗-交流對象 59
4.8 假說檢定之結果 61
第五章 結論 63
5.1 研究結論 63
5.2 研究貢獻 65
5.3 研究限制與未來展望 65
參考文獻 66

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