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研究生:張閔富
研究生(外文):Chang, Minfu
論文名稱:檢驗產業群聚的外溢效果: 關係鏈結的觀點
論文名稱(外文):Examine the spillovers of Industry cluster: the perspective of relational linkage
指導教授:洪嘉良洪嘉良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung, Chialiang
口試委員:游子宜周志隆
口試委員(外文):Yu, TzuyiChou, Chihlung
口試日期:2011-07-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:產業群聚合作關係科學園區
外文關鍵詞:Industry clusterPartnershipScience park
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本研究衡量科學園區成立之後,所造就的外溢效果,是否科學園區廠商藉由產業群聚之優勢,有更密切的交流合作。因此以關係鏈結的觀點,關注廠商與其他廠商之間的策略交流合作,藉由交流合作來促進在營業額及專利數的績效表現。
研究結果顯示,藉由推動產業群聚的科學園區和廠商研發的支出,可促進廠商之間的交流合作次數,且研究結果分析出位於科學園區廠商對於交流合作次數、緊密程度都有成長的趨勢;廠商間透過交流合作次數有助於專利數的提升,因此廠商間的互動是促成知識移轉的關鍵要素,交流合作次數對營業額也有貢獻,所以位於園區的廠商藉由交流合作比園區外的廠商績效表現較好。
研究分析考驗園區其他廠商的研發外溢對績效表現為負影響,進一步考驗科學園區廠商的合作對象,得知傾向於跟國外廠商合作,表示台灣的科學園區依賴國際的合作,因此推論出對於園區廠商跟國外廠商的合作時,廠商之間為了爭取與國外廠商合作而有存在競爭關係,這些公司可能不會享有密切的關係,廠商需要自行投資研發活動提升自身的實力去融合從國外引進的技術,才能爭取到國外廠商的合作,因此研究考驗結果園區外溢表現非在策略合作的投資上,表示對於台灣的科學園區廠商的策略性投資的關係是競爭性而非外溢的廠商。

This study measures spillover effects of science parks to explore whether the linkage of companies in science parks is closer by means of industry cluster. Hence, this study uses the perspective of relational linkage to focus on interactions and cooperation of strategies among firms, and how these firms further utilize them to promote performances on turnovers and number of patents.
The result shows that the promotion of industry clusters and R&D expenditure do increase chances of interactions and cooperation among firms within science parks. Besides, there are significant trends of growth in both numbers of cooperation and the degree of linkage among companies. It is helpful for companies to increase number of patents by numbers of cooperating and interacting with each other. It is because relation linkage is a key element for knowledge transfer, and also contributes to the turnover. Therefore, firms located in a science park possess more pleasant performance than off park firms by means of linkage.
In addition, the result also indicates that there is a negative significance between companies’ R&D spillovers. Furthermore, by analyzing the partners, it shows that companies within science parks tend to look for cooperation overseas which implies that science parks in Taiwan rely on international interactions. Thus, the study infers that as companies cooperate with foreign firms, fierce competitive relationship exists among domestic companies for cooperating overseas. During the cooperation period with foreign firms, domestic companies must individually invest in R&D actions trying to fit in the techniques that are transferred from other countries in order to get chances to cooperate with more other foreign firms. Finally, the result also shows that since spillover effects do no present to strategic investment, it means that firms within science parks in Taiwan have competitive relationship with each other.

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3研究流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
2.1 科學工業園區 4
2.2 產業群聚 5
2.2.1 區域創新 6
2.2.2 外溢效果 7
2.3 交流活動 8
2.3.1 交流目的 8
2.3.2 交流關係 8
2.3.3 小結 12
第三章 研究方法 13
3.1 研究設計與模型 13
3.1.1 研究假說 13
3.1.2 研究模型 15
3.2 樣本分析與架構 19
3.2.1 樣本 19
3.2.2 資料收集方式 21
第四章 資料分析與結果 25
4.1廠商對交流合作之檢測 26
4.1.1廠商對交流次數 26
4.1.2廠商對交流緊密程度 29
4.2 交流合作對績效表現之檢測 32
4.2.1交流合作對營業額 32
4.2.2交流合作對專利數 34
4.3 廠商對績效表現之檢測 37
4.3.1 廠商對營業額 37
4.3.2 廠商對專利數 40
4.4 路徑分析 43
4.4.1 廠商對營業額-直接效果與間接效果 53
4.4.2 廠商對專利數-直接效果與間接效果 53
4.5 趨勢之檢測 54
4.6 歷年之趨勢 56
4.6.1 廠商對交流次數之趨勢 56
4.6.2 廠商對交流緊密程度之趨勢 57
4.6.3 交流合作對營業額之趨勢 57
4.6.4 交流合作對專利之趨勢 58
4.7 卡方考驗-交流對象 59
4.8 假說檢定之結果 61
第五章 結論 63
5.1 研究結論 63
5.2 研究貢獻 65
5.3 研究限制與未來展望 65
參考文獻 66
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