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研究生:郭家宇
研究生(外文):Kuo, Ku-Yu
論文名稱:頻率反應函數於房屋結構健康監測的應用
論文名稱(外文):Application of Frequency Response Function in Building Structural Health Monitoring
指導教授:洪士林洪士林引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung, Shih-Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:結構健康監測頻率反應函數損壞指標類神經網路
外文關鍵詞:Structural health monitoringFRFDamage indexANN
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長期以來天然災害(如台灣常見的地震、颱風等)對大地上的結構物常造成不同程度的損壞,使得人們的生命財產受到嚴重威脅,故於災害後若能快速的對結構物進行健康診斷與修復評估,為目前國內外學界致力研究的趨勢之一,又近年來識別資料處理的技術和量測結構反應的儀器、方法等皆有長足的進步,如能善加利用將可大幅的提升結構健康監測所帶來的生命保障和經濟效益。而本研究主要為將頻率反應函數應用於結構健康監測中,首先使用SAP2000軟體建立數值模型,以獲得模型在受外力擾動下的反應訊號,接著利用頻率反應函數結合指標公式形成原始的頻率反應函數指標圖,並利用曲率法改良之,使改良後的指標圖能判斷任意損壞案例的損壞位置,而損壞程度方面則是以類神經網路學習單點案例的損壞程度,此方法在判斷任意單點損壞案例的損壞程度上亦有良好的效果,唯多點損壞案例的損壞程度無法由類神經網路整合建立,待數值模型的損壞監測流程建置完成後,最終再嘗試以實驗資料驗證系統應用於實際的可行性。
A building structure may sustain damage either when subjected to severe loading like a strong earthquake or when its material deteriorates. The monitoring of the structural health (SHM) of buildings and civil infrastructure has attracted considerable interest in the last decade. Monitoring the structural health of a particular structural system involves a damage identification process that comprises detecting, locating, identifying type of, and estimating severity of, damage. Hence, a reliable, feasible, and economic SHM system is practical for building structures. The aim of this study attempts to utilize frequency response function (FRF) as index in SHM for locating and estimating severity of damage to building structures. First, a numerical study, based on SAP2000 software, is employed to create simulated damage cases including single and multi site(s) damage scenarios. Following, a novel FRF curvature method is developed and applied to locate damage. An ANN model is then utilized to evaluate the severity of damage for single-site cases. Finally, an experimental study is employed to verify the feasibility of the proposed FRF method. The simulation and experiment results expose that the proposed FRF index can locate damage correctly in single as well as multi site(s) damage and the ANN model can estimate the severity of damage for single-site damage cases acceptably.
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌 謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章、緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機與目的 2
1.3本文內容 3
第二章、文獻回顧 5
2.1結構健康監測及損壞指標的發展 5
2.2頻率反應函數應用於結構健康監測 8
2.3類神經網路的發展與在結構健康監測的應用 10
第三章、研究方法 13
3.1頻率反應函數 13
3.1.1頻率反應函數的基本概念 13
3.1.2單自由度系統之頻率反應函數 15
3.1.3多自由度系統之頻率反應函數 16
3.1.4頻率反應函數的種類 21
3.2 頻率反應函數指標 23
3.2.1損壞指標的建立 23
3.2.2曲率法 24
3.2類神經網路 26
3.2.1類神經網路之基本理論 26
3.2.2人工神經元模型 27
3.2.3本研究使用之類神經網路類型 28
第四章、系統設計與案例分析 30
4.1數值模型的建立和分析 30
4.1.1構架的設計 30
4.1.2構架的資料 31
4.1.3量測構架的加速度反應 31
4.2 FRF指標圖及改良 32
4.2.1頻率反應函數識別和指標公式的使用 32
4.2.2建立頻率反應函數指標圖 33
4.2.3曲率法的改良 35
4.3類神經網路進行單點損壞程度預測 37
4.3.1類神經網路的學習和測試案例 37
4.3.2類神經網路的成果 37
4.4討論加入雜訊及實驗的誤差 38
4.4.1數值資料加入雜訊的測試 38
4.4.2實驗資料的測試 40
第五章、結論與建議 43
5.1結論 43
5.2討論與建議 44
參考文獻 46
附表 51
附圖 54
附錄A-1 84
附錄A-2 86
附錄B 88

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