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研究生:彭昱豪
研究生(外文):Peng, Yu-Hao
論文名稱:雙層式長鏈&;#63994;&;#63746;載網&;#63799;之高效率資&;#63934;收集與散佈機制
論文名稱(外文):Efficient Data Collection and Distribution in Two-tier Vehicular Long-thin Networks
指導教授:曾煜棋曾煜棋引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:網路工程研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:31
中文關鍵詞:長鏈&;#63994;長鏈&;#63994;長鏈&;#63994;長鏈&;#63994;長鏈&;#63994;
外文關鍵詞:Ad-hoc CommunicationsAndroidCyclingGroupGoogle MapsVehicular Long-thin Network (VLTN)
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本篇&;#63809;文探討在雙層式網&;#63799;架構下所形成之長鏈&;#63994;&;#63746;載網&;#63799;的資&;#63934;收集與散佈效&;#63841;議題,典型的應用為具有共同騎乘&;#63799;線的自&;#64008;&;#63746;&;#63746;隊網&;#63799;,其上層網&;#63799;介面為3G/3.5G
,下層為IEEE 802.11 Ad-hoc網&;#63799;。在此自&;#64008;&;#63746;&;#63746;隊網&;#63799;架構中,我們著手研究通訊效能最佳化的問題,&;#63860;所有使用者&;#64038;透過3G/3.5G網&;#63799;&;#63745;新與下載資訊時,將對3G/3.5G網&;#63799;造成頻寬嚴重&;#63847;足與傳輸延遲過長的問題,因此,我們設計出自&;#64008;&;#63746;&;#63746;隊成員分群與群組維護的機制,群組成員使用Ad-hoc通訊&;#63789;交換彼此的資&;#63934;,並由一個最佳的成員負責回報群組資訊以&;#63845;Server分享給其他群組,如此一&;#63789;,藉由在上下層網&;#63799;通訊之間的最佳化,可針對3G/3.5G網&;#63799;在頻寬方面作&;#63745;有效的&;#63965;用及減少&;#63847;必要的花費,模擬實驗與數學分析結果顯示我們所設計的高效&;#63841;資&;#63934;收集與散佈機制可大幅&;#64001;地&;#64009;低3G/3.5G傳輸需求與建&;#63991;&;#63898;線&;#63849;。除此之外,我們設計並實作出一套&;#63746;隊通訊與管&;#63972;系統,&;#63965;用Android智慧型手機作為使用者的手持裝置,可以有效&;#63841;地達成&;#63746;隊成員&;#63745;新位置與&;#63994;態資訊的目的。

The bicycling recently has gained a lot of popularity in many applications, such as transporta-tion, recreation, and exercise. In a cycling fleet, bikers may ride in different speeds due to their body strengthes and bike performance. Fleet members using smart phones form two-tier vehicular long-thin networks (VLTNs) along the common cycling path, which consist of a 3G/3.5G high-tier interface and an IEEE 802.11-based low-tier interface. This paper investi-gates the optimization of data collection and distribution in two-tier VLTNs. As all bikers up-load their data and download the fleet information via 3G/3.5G communications, it causes serious problems of insufficient bandwidth and uncertain delay. To reduce the bandwidth usage and transmission delay of 3G/3.5G communications, we propose a framework consisted of a dynamic grouping mechanism and a group maintenance scheme. For data collection, bikers belonging to the same group locally exchange data with each other via ad-hoc communications, and only the gateway needs to report the group data and obtain the fleet information to/from the backend server via 3G/3.5G communications. For data distribution, the gateway uses multi-hop forwarding to broadcast the fleet information to all group members via ad-hoc communications. Through the cooperation between 3G/3.5G and ad-hoc communications, the high-tier bandwidth usage and transmission delay can be minimized. Analytical and simulation results show our framework outperforms existing works, which can significantly reduce the amount of 3G/3.5G data and the number of 3G/3.5G connections. In addition, we implement a Google Android and Maps-based prototype on smart phones for cycling fleet communications.
Abstract in Chinese i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iv
Content v
List of Figures vii
1. Introduction 1
2. Problem Definition 4
3. The Proposed Framework 7
3.1 Dynamic Grouping of Bikers 7
3.2 Group Maintenance Scheme 10
3.2.1 Merging and Splitting of Groups 10
3.2.2 Updating of Transmission Orders 12
4. Analysis of 3G/3.5G Cost 13
5. Performance Evaluation 16
6. Prototype Implementation 20
7. Conclusion 25
Bibliography 26
Vita 28

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