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研究生:劉孟宇
研究生(外文):Liu, Meng-Yu
論文名稱:高效率白光有機發光二極體於照明運用並搭配光取出膜之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study toward High-Efficiency White Organic Light-Emitting Diode with Light Out-Coupling Film for Lighting Application
指導教授:陳金鑫陳金鑫引用關係陳皇銘
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chin H.Chen, Huang-Ming P.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:顯示科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:白光有機發光二極體照明運用增亮膜
外文關鍵詞:White Organic Light Emitting Diodelighting applicationLight Out-Coupling film
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以照明需求為前提,有機發光二極體的發光效率、電性和白光光色都是必要的需求,照明運用的OLED與顯示器運用的OLED元件,最大的差異就是發光面積的不同,若要增加發光面積勢必會遇到電性等問題。本論文第一部分以照明用途的白光OLED為出發點,開發適用於2 cm x 2.5 cm大發光面積基板的雙波段白光螢光OLED元件結構:使用主發光體MADN和NPB分別摻雜螢光客發光材料EY-53(橘黃光)和BUBD-1(天藍光),另外配合p型摻雜的電洞傳輸層和n型的電子傳輸層製作於2 cm x 2.5 cm發光面積,在照明需求1000 nits下成功達到3.8 V的低操作電壓,生命半衰週期約為800小時。第二部分運用此2 cm x 2.5 cm大發光面積、低操作電壓元件結構,搭配外部光取出膜以增加效率並改善光色,相較於未貼附增亮膜的元件,在相同電流密度下貼附散射式(Diffuser)增亮膜元件總流明(Lumens)增加1.33倍,貼附微透鏡式(Microlens array)增亮膜元件軸向出光強度增加1.31倍,在1000 nits下功率效率分別達到24.6 lm/W和22.3 lm/W,,且CIEx,y座標分別為(0.39, 0.39)、(0.41, 0.40),位於普朗克黑體輻射軌跡內。
As requirement of lighting application for Organic Light-Emitting Diode, the power efficiency, color purity of white and larger lighting area are reguired. In the first part of the thesis, we focus on developing OLED for lighting application through dichromatic fluorescence white OLED. By doping EY-53/ BUBD-1 in MADN/ NPB as yellow/ sk-blue emitter and coupling with p-HTL/ n-ETL, we successfully achieved low operation voltage 3.8 V, CIEx,y value of (0.43, 0.43) under the condition of 1000 nits with 2 cm x 2.5 cm lighting area and the lifetime (T50) is about 800 hours. In the second part, to enhance efficiency and pure the color quality, we tried to combine WOLED with light out-coupling films. The device with the light out-coupling film enhanced 1.33 times in total lumens for diffuser film and 1.31 times in the normal direction for Microlens array film under the same current density as compared with device without outcoupling film. Under condition of 1000 nits, the power efficiency are 24.6 lm/W and 22.3 lm/W, the CIEx,y value are (0.39, 0.39) and (0.41, 0.40) which are in the Planckisn Locus
一、緒論...1
1.1 前言...1
1.2 有機電激發光二極體簡介...3
1.3 p-i-n元件結構簡介...5
1.4 白光有機發光二極體簡介與論文回顧...8
1.4.1 多重發光層(Multiple emissive layer)白光元件...10
1.4.2 多掺雜發光層(Multiple dopants emissive layer)白光元 件...15
1.5 有機發光二極體的光學萃取簡介與文獻回顧...22
1.5.1 減少表面電漿模態(不發光模態)...24
1.5.2減少波導模態(waveguide mode) ...25
1.5.3減少基板模態(substrate mode)...27
1.6 有機發光二極體於照明應用的現況與回顧...29
二、研究動機...36
三、實驗部分...38
3.1 實驗流程...38
3.1.1 ITO基板清洗...38
3.1.2 電漿清潔陽極...39
3.1.3 薄膜蒸鍍...39
3.1.4 元件封裝...41
3.1.5 元件與光取出膜結合...41
3.1.6 特性量測...42
3.2 實驗材料...43
3.3 實驗儀器...44
四、結果與討論...47
4.1 雙波段白光結構開發...47
4.2 雙波段白光結構的界面探討...52
4.3雙波段白光製作於2 cm x 2.5 cm發光面積元件...54
4.4光取出膜(light outcoupling film) 的研究與探討...56
4.4.1 散射結構(diffuser) ...56
4.4.2微透鏡結構(Microlens Array) ...63
五、結論...69
參考文獻...71
會議文獻..75

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