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研究生:陳蔚慈
研究生(外文):Wei-tzu Chen
論文名稱:開放式行動策略對新產品開發績效影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Open action strategies in new product development team
指導教授:陳炫碩陳炫碩引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shiuann-Shuoh Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:開放式行動技術不確定性新產品開發
外文關鍵詞:new product development(NPD)technical uncertaintyopen action
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在科技變動快速的時代下,新產品開發常被視為提升競爭優勢的重要來源之一。根據統計,企業大約有三分之一的利潤來自於新推出至市場的產品,於是新產品開發成為了一個相當熱門的議題,但是成功卻不是那麼容易。在新產品開發期間有許多情境變數(如專案因素、組織因素、環境因素等)會影響到專案績效,而這些情境變數會產生許多緊張情勢(tension),管理者必須調整其做法來解決這些衝突。
本研究以管理者之管理風格對於新產品開發績效之影響為出發點,探討管理者在專案執行和創意發想時,採取開放式行動與新產品開發各階段績效之關
係。並且探討不同程度的科技不確定性,會如何影響開放式行動與新產品開發績效之關係。本研究結果發現:
1. 管理者在專案執行中採取的行動開放程度越高,對於新產品開發績效越有負向影響。
2. 管理者在創意發想中採取的行動開放程度越高,對於新產品開發績效越有正向影響。
3. 技術不確定性能負向調節開放式行動策略與新產品績效之關係。
In the fast change of technology''s generation, new products development is becoming one of the important sources of increases competitive advantage. According to the statistics information, about one third of corporate''s profit comes from the promotion of new product in the market, then, new product development becomes a popular issue, but the success is often elusive. Project performance about the new product development is probably affected by many contingencies, such as project factor, organizational factor, environmental factor, and so on. And these contingencies will create many tensions surrounding product development, so project managers must adjust their behaviors to solve these conflicts.
This study concerned about how the manager''s management style had influence on the performance of new product development, and the relationship between open actions and new products development while the project execution and concept innovation was discussed. Moreover, the different degrees of technical uncertainties were explored in the study. Our issue was to figure out how did technical uncertainty had impact on open actions-performance relationships. The findings were:
1. The open actions had negatively impact on new product performance while the project execution.
2. The open actions had positively impact on new product performance while the concept innovation.
3. Technical uncertainty moderated open action- new product performance relationships negatively.
中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的與問題 3
1.3 研究流程 4
1.4 章節架構 5
第二章 文獻探討及假說 6
2.1 新產品開發及開發流程 6
2.1.1新產品開發 6
2.1.2 新產品開發流程 6
2.2 行動策略開放程度 11
2.2.1 開放式行動策略 14
2.2.2封閉式行動策略 15
2.3技術不確定性 20
第三章 研究設計 24
3.1 觀念性架構 24
3.2 研究假說 25
3.3研究變數與操作性定義 26
3.3.1 開放式行動 26
3.3.2 技術不確定性 27
3.3.3 新產品開發績效 28
3.4結構化模型 29
3.5抽樣方法與問卷設計 30
第四章 研究結果 31
4.1基本資料之統計分析 31
4.2衡量模型評估 34
4.2.1信度分析 34
4.2.2收斂效度 37
4.2.3區別效度 39
4.3結構模型之評估 40
4.3.1假說檢定 40
4.3.2結構模型的評估 40
第五章 結論與建議 43
5.1 研究結果與貢獻 43
5.1.1開放式行動策略與新產品開發績效之關係。 43
5.1.2技術不確定性調節開放式行動策略與新產品開發績效之關係。 44
5.2研究貢獻 45
5.3研究限制與未來研究建議 45
5.4未來研究建議 46
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