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研究生:劉偉麟
研究生(外文):Wei-lin Liu
論文名稱:環境永續性與總量管理模式與系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Environmental Sustainability and Total Quantity Management Model and System
指導教授:廖述良廖述良引用關係陳慶和陳慶和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-liang LiawChing-ho Chen
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:296
中文關鍵詞:總量管理環境永續性驅動力壓力狀態衝擊回應系統分析結果管理系統思維雙重界限隱式列舉法
外文關鍵詞:systems thinkingmanaging for results (MFRs)systems analysisdriving force-pressure-state-impact-response (DPenvironmental sustainabilitytotal quantities of pollution discharge and resoenumeration of multiple bounds for objectives an
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過去在追求環境永續性提升的方法通常是先進行對環境永續性之評估,再根據評估結果而先研擬政策或區域之整體性策略,最後再訂定政策或區域內各污染排放者與資源使用者之管理策略及行動計畫。然而此種分段式規劃方法缺乏系統性的考量,無法達到整體政策或區域的最大永續性。因此本研究之目的在於發展環境永續性與總量管理方法論與系統,以克服上述分段式規劃方法之缺點。本研究首先以系統思維(Systems thinking)、結果管理(Managing for Results)、系統分析(Systems analysis)等方法,發展環境永續性與總量管理體系架構,並結合驅動力─壓力─狀態─衝擊─回應(Driving force-Pressure-State-Impact-Response, DPSIR)架構,發展一套包括環境、社會、經濟三面向的指標系統,此一指標系統乃是依據DPSIR關係而用於發展環境永續性與總量管理模式,以同時評估與計算得到最大之永續性,代表促進永續發展之效益。本研究同時根據系統層級性,發展出以物件鏈結三個決策層之多階段多選擇概念模式架構,以發展出雙重界限(目標值與限制值)隱式列舉法(Enumeration of Multiple Bounds for Objectives and Constraints, EMBOC)之求解演算法,而解決同時擬定整體管理策略與個別污染者/使用者管理策略之複雜問題。本研究並根據上述體系架構與模式,以Visual Basic、地理資訊系統(Geographic Information System, GIS)、MS Excel軟體,發展環境永續性與總量管理雛型系統。本研究以我國高爾夫球場設置政策以及中壢工業區為案例研究對象,不但可得到上述政策及工業區之最大永續值,同時可以得到最佳策略下的高爾夫球場設置總量、各高爾夫球場之污染防治/資源調配管理策略,以及工業區整體污染排放/資源使用總量、區內所有工廠之污染排放/資源使用量等。研究結果顯示,本研究所提出之方法論與雛型系統,初步能夠有效協助主管機關以系統化的方法研擬出政策與工業區管理之策略與行動計畫,以追求提昇政策與工業區之永續性。
The methods for promoting the environmental sustainability are usually to assess the environmental sustainability at first. Then, the integral strategy for a policy or a region is generated based on the assessment results. The management strategy and action plan for each pollution discharger and resource user are devised according to the integral strategy at last. However, this separately planning method lacks of systematical considerations. Achieving the maximal sustainability of a policy or a region is difficult. The purpose of this study is to develop an environmental sustainability and total quantity management methodology and system. This study uses the methods of systems thinking, managing for results (MFRs), and systems analysis to develop an environmental sustainability and total quantity management framework. An indicator system, which involves environmental, social, and economic phases, is devised based on this framework and the driving force-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) framework. This indicator system is integrated into an optimization model based on its DPSIR relationships to simultaneously assess and obtain the maximal sustainability, meaning the effectiveness of moving toward sustainable development. A conceptual multiple-stage-option model framework is developed, which uses the concept of object to link the multiple decision layers based on the thinking in hierarchy of system structure. The enumeration of multiple bounds for objectives and constraints (EMBOC) is developed to devise the optimization model to simultaneously generate the strategies for the integral region and the individual source of pollution discharge and resource use. This study develops a prototype system for environmental sustainability and total quantity management (ESTQMS) using Visual Basic, geographic information system (GIS), and MS Excel. The golf course installation policy and the Jhongli Industrial Park in Taiwan are used as case studies. The optimal sustainability of this policy and this industrial park can be obtained. Furthermore, the total quantities of golf courses, the management strategies for pollution control and resource allocation of each golf course, the total quantities of pollution discharges and resource uses of this industrial park, and the quantities of pollution discharges and resource uses of each manufactory can be obtained together. Analytical results indicated that the proposed methodology and prototype system can be preliminary used to assist the authorities to effectively and systematically generate the strategies and action plans for policy and industrial park management while simultaneously pursuing their optimal sustainability.
摘要 ........................................................................................................................... i
誌謝 ........................................................................................................................... v
目錄 ........................................................................................................................... vii
圖目錄........................................................................................................................... ix
表目錄........................................................................................................................... xii
第一章 研究緣起與目的............................................................................................. 1
第二章 文獻回顧......................................................................................................... 5
2.1 環境永續性評估............................................................................................ 5
2.2 策略性環境評估............................................................................................ 13
2.3 環境承載力.................................................................................................... 18
2.4 總量管理........................................................................................................ 21
2.5 系統思維、系統分析與結果管理於環境管理之應用................................ 23
第三章 研究方法論
3.1 環境永續性與總量之管理體系架構............................................................ 29
3.2 問題了解與系統界定.................................................................................... 36
3.3 環境永續性之評估........................................................................................ 46
3.4 環境永續性及總量之管理策略規劃............................................................ 52
3.5 環境永續性及總量管理之執行與績效管制................................................ 58
第四章 環境永續性與總量管理模式之發展............................................................. 67
4.1 環境永續性與總量管理模式發展概念........................................................ 67
4.2 高爾夫球場設置政策之環境永續性與總量管理模式................................ 67
4.3 工業區管理之環境永續性與總量管理模式................................................ 79
第五章 環境永續性與總量管理雛型系統之發展..................................................... 97
5.1 環境永續性評估子系統................................................................................. 100
5.2 永續環境管理策略規劃子系統..................................................................... 100
5.3 對工廠總量管理子系統................................................................................. 113
5.4 績效管理子系統............................................................................................ 116
第六章 案例研究......................................................................................................... 119
6.1 高爾夫球場設置政策之案例........................................................................ 119
6.2 工業區管理之案例........................................................................................ 148
第七章 結論與建議..................................................................................................... 173
7.1 結論................................................................................................................. 173
7.2 建議................................................................................................................. 175
參考文獻....................................................................................................................... 177
附錄一 環境永續性指標計算式及標準化............................................................... 183
附錄二 環境永續性指標之DPSIR 動力關係 ......................................................... 271
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