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研究生:李文清
研究生(外文):Wen-Ching Lee
論文名稱:認知因素與網路合作學習模式對學習成效之影響:階層線性模式分析
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Cognitive Factors and Synchronous Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) on Learning Performance: An Analysis of Hierarchical Linear Modeling
指導教授:陳美紀陳美紀引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:商業教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:182
中文關鍵詞:概念性鷹架網路合作學習階層線性模式非結構化問題
外文關鍵詞:Conceptual scaffoldingWeb-based cooperative learningHierarchical linear modelIll-structured problems
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本研究透過同步網路合作學習活動,探討實施概念性鷹架的提示對學習者在非結構化問題解決任務之學習成效、互動模式以及問題解決歷程的影響。研究採前後測準實驗設計,選取中部地區四所大學財務金融相關學系170位學生為實驗對象。研究工具為研究者自編之前測評量、非結構化問題解決任務、問題解決評分準則、學習成就測驗、延宕測驗、自我效能量表以及群體效能量表。資料分析分為兩部分,一是語意資料的處理,本研究以內容分析法進行互動行為分類,並使用序列分析推導出群體互動行為的轉換模式;二是測驗分數的處理,本研究以多變量變異數分析方法、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子共變數分析,比較實驗組與控制組在處理非結構化問題解決任務上,群體討論品質、解題績效、學習成就測驗以及延宕測驗的差異情形,以及使用階層線性模式探討網路合作學習模式之對學習成效之跨層次的影響效果。研究結果發現:概念性鷹架能改善群體互動行為以及提升群體討論的品質;認知因素會影響學生個人的學習成效;在控制認知因素影響下,網路合作學習模式對學習成效具有正向影響作用;網路合作學習模式對認知因素與學習成效的關係,具有脈絡調節效應。
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of conceptual scaffolding on learner’s interactive behavior and their ill-structured problem-solving performance during learning with a synchronous web-based cooperative learning environment. A total of 170 undergraduates’ major finance from 4 classes in central Taiwan universities randomly assigned to either the No Scaffolding (NS) or Conceptual Scaffolding condition (CS) used a web-based learning environment for 2 hours to learn about Capital Budgeting. The instruments used in this study were: Prior Knowledge Test, Ill-Structured Problem Solving Test, and The Rubric for Coding Quality of Group Solution, Achievement Test, Delay Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and Group efficacy Scale. Data analysis was divided into two parts: First, content analysis was used to determine what learners discussed and sequential analysis was used to determine communication patterns; second, the Test scores were analyzed through MANOVA, t-test, ANCOVA and Hierarchical Linear Modeling. Results indicated that the CS condition facilitated the group interaction and discussion quality significantly more than did the NS condition. In addition, the HLM results indicated that prior knowledge, self-efficacy, individual participation ratio, treatment type, group efficacy, and problem-centered interactional activity directly affected learning performance. On the other hand, problem-centered interactional activity had a positive moderating effect on the relationships among psychological learning process, and learning performance.
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 名詞解釋 6
第四節 研究之重要性 8
第貳章 文獻探討 11
第一節 網路合作學習 11
第二節 問題導向學習 19
第三節 跨層次分析的推論 25
第参章 研究設計與實施 37
第一節 研究樣本 37
第二節 研究設計與研究架構 40
第三節 研究流程 43
第四節 研究工具 48
第五節 資料分析 75
第肆章 研究結果 87
第一節 互動內涵分析 87
第二節 討論品質與群體績效 91
第三節 網路合作學習模式的序列分析 98
第四節 非結構化問題解決任務之學習成效 113
第五節 網路合作學習模式的脈絡調節分析 119
第伍章 結論與建議 135
第一節 結論 135
第二節 建議 142
參考文獻 147
中文部份 147
英文部份 148
附錄 171
附錄一 前測試卷 171
附錄二 非結構化問題解決任務 173
附錄三 學習成就測驗 175
附錄四 延宕測驗試卷 178
附錄五 自我效能量表 179
附錄六 群體效能量表 182

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