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研究生:胡瑞玲
研究生(外文):Jui-Ling Hu
論文名稱:估算台灣進口的可疑非法砍伐林木產品
論文名稱(外文):Estimating the Illegal Importing Harvested Wood Products in Taiwan
指導教授:李俊彥李俊彥引用關係林幸君林幸君引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jun-Yen LeeHsing-Chun Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:生物事業管理學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:非法砍伐林木伐後木質林產品非法砍伐林木進口
外文關鍵詞:Illegal loggingHarvested wood productsImports of illegal logging
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由於非法砍伐林木對環境、經濟及社會均有極大的影響,故近年來國際上越來越注意非法砍伐林木的議題,尤其是國際間非法林木貿易的盛行,間接鼓勵了非法林木砍伐的行為。台灣進口的林木產品高居台灣林木產品需求量的95%,因此台灣也不免為國際非政府組織質疑進口高達45%的非法砍伐林木,而且台灣亦被懷疑為非法砍伐林木銷售的通路之一。因此本研究以聯合國糧農組織的伐後木質林產品 ( Harvested Wood Products, HWP )分類,包括圓木類、鋸材類、木質板類、木炭材、木片、粒片與木廢料類、紙與紙板類、及紙漿與回收紙類,以財政部關稅總局進口量及過去文獻中各國所被估計的非法砍伐可疑率,實際估算2005至2009年台灣進口的可疑非法砍伐林木產品量及其比率。結果顯示2005至2009年台灣每年平均進口的可疑非法砍伐的圓木類、鋸材類、木質板類、木炭材、木片、粒片與木廢料類產品約100萬至150萬立方公尺,其可疑非法砍伐量占總進口量19%~29%,其中以木質板類及木炭、木片、粒片與木廢料類進口可疑非法砍伐量較高,主要進口來源為亞洲國家;可疑非法砍伐紙與紙板類、及紙漿與回收紙類約27萬至34萬公噸,其可疑非法砍伐量占總進口量10%~12%。
In recent years, illegal logging has caused the serious environmental, social and economic problems. Mostly, the international trade of illegal logging products has indirectly encouraged the action of illegal logging. Taiwan has been suspected as one of the illegal logging sales channels and illegal logging suspicious rate is 45% by NGO’s. This study estimates the amount of illegal logging imports in Taiwan by introducing the FAO classification of harvested wood products (HWP) including “Roundwood”, “Sawnwood”, “Wood-based panels”, “Wood charcoal, wood chips, particles and residues”, “Paper and paperboard”, “Pulp and recovered paper” and the suspicious rate of illegal logging provided by previous literatures from 2005 to 2009. As results, the suspected illegally wood products importing in Taiwan is about 1 million to 1.5 million cubic meter, accounted for 19% to 29% of total imported roundwood, sawnwood, wood-based panels, wood charcoal, wood chips, particles and residues; paper and paperboard, pulp and recovered paper products is about 0.27 million to 0.34 million tons, accounted for 10% to 12% of total imported paper and paperboard, pulp and recovered paper products. The primary suspected illegal logging is wood charcoal, wood chips, particles and residues importing from Asian countries.
Chapter 1INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation……………………1
1.2 Research Objectives…………………………………………5
1.3 Research Flowchart……………………………………………6
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………7
2.1 Imports of Harvested Wood Products in Taiwan………7
2.2 Illegal Logging Imports in Taiwan…………………………9
Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY……………………………………………14
3.1 Research Subjects ………………………………………………14
3.2 Data Analysis………………………………………………………16
Chapter 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS…………………………17
4.1 Illegal Logging Imports in Taiwan………………………17
Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS……………………………………………29
REFERENCE………………………………………………………… 30
APPENDIXES……………………………………………………… 34
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