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研究生:黃冠愷
研究生(外文):Guan-Kai Huang
論文名稱:台灣公司的碳揭露案例-溫室氣體盤查與碳足跡
論文名稱(外文):Studies of the carbon disclosure for Taiwanese company- Greenhouse gas emission inventory and carbon footprint
指導教授:李俊彥李俊彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jun-Yen Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:生物事業管理學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:溫室氣體溫室氣體盤查ISO14064-1PAS2050碳足跡
外文關鍵詞:Greenhouse gasGreenhouse gas inventoryISO14064-1PAS2050Carbon footprint
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由於氣候變遷,溫室氣體的議題日益重要。溫室氣體盤查和碳足跡在世界上成為重要的議題。對於這溫室氣體及碳足跡,台灣實行較多的主要集中在上市上櫃企業,而非中小型非上市上櫃的公司。因此本文使用ISO14064-1來估算A公司在2009年及2010年的溫室氣體排放量。更進一步地,本文使用PAS 2050來估算B雜誌的碳足跡。A公司在2009年的總排放量為129.15 tons CO2e/year,範疇一排放了67.09 tons CO2e/year,範疇二排放了62.06 tons CO2e/year。在2010年時A公司總排放量為181.22 tons CO2e/year,範疇一排放了116.14 CO2e/year,範疇二排放了65.08 CO2e/year。本篇研究也比較了A公司在2009年及2010年時的排放有何不同。我們可以建議A公司改善範疇一的排放以減少溫室氣體排放。同樣地,在範疇二時,外購電力排放也可藉由節能習慣或系統的改善而達到減少排放的目的。對於碳足跡,本研究使用生命週期評估來估算B雜誌的溫室氣體排放量,得到B雜誌的溫室氣體排放為1.9 CO2e/year。我們能夠得知B雜誌在生命週期中各階段的排放量,並發現在製造階段時是最高的排放來源。總結來說,溫室氣體盤查除了能夠計算出組織的溫室氣體排放量外,也可以衡量一個組織是否持續以溫室氣體減量為目標。
Due to climate change, greenhouse gas(GHG) issue has been becoming important. The greenhouse gas inventory calculation for companies and carbon footprint(CFP) becomes an important issue in the world. Taiwan mainly focuses on the listed companies instead of small and medium companies. This research uses the ISO14064-1 to estimate the greenhouse gas emissions for A company in 2009 and 2010. Further, this paper uses PAS 2050 to estimate the carbon footprint of B magazine. The total GHG emission of A company in 2009 is 129.15 tons CO2e/year, accounting for 67.09 tons CO2e/year in scope one, and 62.06 tons CO2e/year in scope two. In 2010 is 181.22 tons CO2e/year, accounting for 116.14 tons CO2e/year in scope one, and 65.08 tons CO2e/year in scope two. This research also compares the difference between 2009 and 2010. We can suggest A company reduce GHG emission by improving the GHG emission in scope one. As for the scope two, the GHG emission can be reduced by energy saving or improving the habit of using energy. For the carbon footprint, this research uses life cycle assessment to estimate the GHG emission of B magazine, and estimate the GHG emissions of a B magazine is 1.9 tons CO2e/year. We can find the GHG emissions of B magazine in every stage. The largest GHG emission of B magazine is mainly in production process. In conclusion, the GHG emission inventory calculation and carbon footprint not only can measure the GHG emissions, but give the suggestion for the reducing strategy in a company.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEGEMENT……………………………………..…... i
ABSTRACT………………………………………………….….... ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………………….….….. v
LIST OF TABLES……………………………..……………..…... vi
LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………..…….. vii
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION………………………………….….1
1.1 Research background………………………………………….....1
1.2 Research motivations………………………………………….....3
1.3 Research objectives………………………………………….......4
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………......5
2.1 Previous studies of GHG emission inventory……………………....5
2.2 Previous studies of CFP……………………………………........11
Chapter3 METHODOLOGY…………………………….….…...15
3.1 To execute the organization GHG emission inventory of A company
……………………………………………………………..........15
3.1.1 Institution & Data………………………………………....…..15
3.1.2 Boundaries and scope………………………………….15
3.1.3 Standard & Principle………………………………………......18
3.1.4 Choosing the calculation method……………………………......18
3.2 To implement the CFP of B magazine………………………..........22
3.2.1 Institution & Data……………………….…………22
3.2.2 Boundaries and scope……………………………………...…..23
3.2.3 Standard & Principle…………………………………….....….27
Chapter 4 RESULTS AND DISSCUSSIONS………………..…..28
4.1 GHG emission inventory Consequence……………...……28
4.1.1 GHG emission inventory in 2009…………………28
4.1.2 GHG emission inventory in 2010……………………….29
4.1.3 Comparing the GHG emissions in 2009 and 2010………31
4.2 The results of carbon footprint………………..………31
Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS………………………………..…....33
REFERENCES…………………..……………….…….…...…..34
LIST OF TABLES
able 3-1 Population and space data used for the GHG inventory………………..15
Table 3-2 The operational boundaries and emission source of Company A………….17
Table 3-3 The level of emission factor………………………………………….....19
Table 3-4 The level of activity data…………………………………………….….20
Table 3-5 The GWP of the Kyoto Protocol GHG(IPCC, 2007)…………….….20
Table 3-6 The principles of writing the GHG emission inventory…………………21
Table 3-7 The main composition of Magazine B……………………………..……23
Table 3-8 The data from the paper supplier………………………………..………24
Table 3-9 The data from the plate factory………………………………….......…..25
Table 3-10 The data from the printer……………………………………………......26
Table 3-11 The data from the bookbindery…………………………………………27
Table 4-1 The GHG emissions of Company A in 2009……………………………28
Table 4-2 The GHG emissions of Company A in 2010…………………………....30
Table 4-3 Emission sources in 2009 and 2010…………………………….………31

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 3-1 The ISO14064-1 GHG emission inventory principle process…….….18
Figure 3-2 The flow diagrams of Magazine B……………………………………23
Figure 4-1 Sources of GHG emissions for 2009 for Company A………………...29
Figure 4-2 Sources of GHG emissions for 2010 for Company A………………...30
Figure 4-3 Various GHG emission conditions of Magazine B…………………....32
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