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研究生:紀佑明
論文名稱:漢語句法成份移位之相關事件腦電位研究
論文名稱(外文):Movement of Syntactic Elements in Mandarin and Taiwanese: An ERP Study
指導教授:呂菁菁呂菁菁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lu, Ching-Ching
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:臺灣語言與語文教育研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:移位結構處所存現句ERPP600台語雙語
外文關鍵詞:movementexistential and locative sentenceERPsP600Taiwanesebilingual
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  本論文主要以ERP(evnet-related potentials)為實驗工具,並以聽覺刺激方式呈現,操弄處所存現句中句法成份移位為句法結構違反之實驗語料,來觀察是與語法相關的ERP腦波成份P600。
  本文研究結果顯示:一、台語的實驗裡,在第二成份與第三成份的ERP腦波皆有在500~900ms間觀察到P600,但是在第二成份所觀察到的P600振幅比第三成份所觀察到的P600振幅還大,並且在第二成份中VOS引發P600的潛伏期比OSV引發P600的潛伏期還長,同時也在第三成份的分析上觀察到N400該一ERP腦波成份。二、華語的實驗裡,在第二成份與第三成份的 ERP 腦波皆有在500~900ms間觀察到P600,但是在第二成份所觀察到的P600振幅比第三成份所觀察到的P600振幅還大,並且在第二成份中VOS引發P600的潛伏期比OSV引發P600的潛伏期還長。
  本研究在台語與華語兩個實驗中,在實驗語料語法違反類型的操作上,以不增添或刪略句法中的任何成份,僅移動句法結構中成份之間的位置,來保留句中原有的成份,在這樣的實驗語料操作之下,相較於基本結構SVO,確實在兩種變異結構 OSV與VOS之第二成份和第三成份的ERP腦波圖裡,觀察到P600的引發。
  Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded while the Taiwanese-Mandarin bilingual hear Taiwanese and Mandarin sentences in which the different order of the existential sentences elements subject, verb, object was systematically varied. Compared to the condition SVO, hope we can observe the ERP component P600 in the condition OSV and VOS.
  Result of the study: First, the Taiwanese experiment, we observed the ERP component P600 during the 500-900 ms in the ERP waveform of the second and third element of the sentences. However, the amplitude of the P600 which was elicited by the second element of the sentence was larger than elicited by the third element of the sentence. The latency of P600 which was elicited by the second element of the condition VOS was longer that elicited by the second element of the condition OSV.
  By the way, we also observed that the ERP component N400 was elicited by the third component of the condition OSV and VOS. Second, the Mandarin experiment, we observed the ERP component P600 during the 500-900 ms in the ERP waveform of the second and third element of the sentences. However, the amplitude of the P600 which was elicited by the second element of the sentence was larger than elicited by the third element of the sentence. The latency of P600 which was elicited by the second element of the condition VOS was longer that elicited by the second element of the condition OSV.
  In this study, we did not add or delete any element of the syntactic structure when we manipulate the conditions of the syntactic violation. We moved the position of the sentence elements only in order to keep all the elements of the sentence. Compared to the condition SVO, the ERP component P600 was elicited by the second and third elementa of the condition OSV and VOS.

1. 緒論 1
1.1. 研究動機 1
1.2. 研究目的 2
1.3. 論文架構 2
1.4. 研究問題 3
2. 文獻回顧 4
2.1. ERP語法成份及相關研究 4
2.2. 與論元結構違反的相關研究 7
2.3. 與成份移位的相關研究 13
2.4. 處所存現句 16
3. 實驗設計 19
3.1. 實驗一:台語 19
3.1.1. 受試者 19
3.1.2. 語料設計 19
3.1.3. 實驗流程 21
3.2. 實驗二:華語 23
3.2.1. 受試者 24
3.2.2. 語料設計 24
3.2.3. 實驗流程 26
3.3. 腦電位記錄及離線處理 28
3.4. 實驗結果假設 29
4. 第二成份實驗結果分析 31
4.1. 實驗一:台語 31
4.1.1. ERP成份型態、數據分析與統計 31
4.2. 實驗二:華語 38
4.2.1. ERP成份型態、數據分析與統計 39
5. 第三成份實驗結果分析 47
5.1. 實驗一:台語 47
5.1.1. ERP成份型態、數據分析與統計 47
5.2. 實驗二:華語 51
5.2.1. ERP成份型態、數據分析與統計 51
6. 結論 56
6.1. 研究結果發現 56
6.2. 綜合討論 59
6.3. 研究貢獻與限制 61
參考文獻 63
附錄一 67
附錄二 69

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