跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.212.99.208) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/17 20:19
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:邱睦惠(釋妙超)
研究生(外文):Mu-hui Chiu
論文名稱:經濟發展與碳排放-環境顧志耐曲線應用
論文名稱(外文):Economic Development and carbon emissions: Application of EKC curve
指導教授:李怡慧李怡慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-huey Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:財務金融學系財務管理碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:二氧化碳排放環境顧志耐曲線排放交易制度
外文關鍵詞:Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)EKCCarbon dioxide emissions
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:422
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:30
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  隨著經濟的發展,各國的能源使用量也將隨之提高,有鑑於化石燃料之能源轉換對溫室效應的影響程度最大,在此情況下,如何兼顧 CO2排放之減量目標與避免國家整體經濟受到重創,將成為各國政府制定減量措施之焦點課題與重要關鍵。基此,本文結合橫跨 70個國家在 1973 至 2007 年間之資料,依歷史地緣將樣本國家區分為歐盟地區15國、東南國亞地區 14 國、美洲地區 17 國、中東及非洲地區 22 國;另將參與碳排放交易國家依是否受京都議定書轄定分為歐盟強制性碳交易市場 15 國及國際性自願性交易市場 7 國,來探討經濟發展與碳排放量之關係。
 
  現今全球大部分國家仍處於工業密集之階段,根據本研究實證結果亦顯示,化石能源消費量及工業佔 GDP比例之迴歸估計係數均為正相關且顯著,其中,東南亞地區及美洲地區符合 EKC倒 U型曲線,即 CO2排放量隨著經濟發展之提升而獲得改善;國際自願性碳交易市場亦符合 EKC 之倒 U 型曲線,表示在資源配置全球化背景下,透過金融交易方式來達到 CO2減排之成效獲得彰顯;歐盟地區出現 EKC之N型曲線,但因三次方之估計值很小,亦可視為 EKC之倒 U型曲線,此說明了在現實環境中,經濟發展與環境污染之間的負向關係需透過政策響應來實現。
  Along with the economic development, world primary energy consumption will also be increased. Since greenhouse gas emissions are mostly in the form of carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas, how to take both the economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions reduction targets into account will be the public authorities’ tasks. Therefore, this paper will discuss the relationship between economic development and carbon dioxide emissions by applying 70 countries from 1973 to 2007. In our empirical work, we divided data based on historical and geopolitical factors into the five areas, such as European Union (EU), Southeast Asia, America and the Middle East and Africa. Furthermore, we investigated the case that countries participate in emission trading by separating countries into regular market or voluntary market.
 
  Most countries in the word are in the industrial-intensive stage. According to our empirical results, it also shows that the coefficients of fossil energy consumption and proportion of industrial added value accounted for GDP are positively significant. From the empirical results form European Union, Southeast Asia and the Americas areas, CO2 emissions increase will be improved through economic growth, that is we find the evidence to support the inverted-U shape EKC. Results for international voluntary market is also in line with the inverted-U shape EKC, that means the effectiveness of CO2 emissions reduction will be achieved through financial transactions. As to the results for regular market, EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) supports the N-shape EKC, indicating that the negative relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution.
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究目的5
第三節 研究架構6
 
第二章 文獻回顧7
第一節 環境顧志耐曲線之概述7
第二節 經濟發展與環境污之關係10
第三節 環境顧志耐曲線實證回顧與整理13
第四節 碳排放權交易與環境污染之關係23
 
第三章 研究方法與設計28
第一節 縱橫資料分析法28
第二節 縱橫資料模型之選擇29
第三節 異質變異與自我相關32
第四節 實證模型33
 
第四章 實證結果與分析35
第一節 資料來源及變數選擇35
第二節 樣本資料統計分析39
第三節 相關係數檢定41
第四節 縱橫單根檢定之實證分析43
第五節 一般迴歸分析法49
第六節 FGLS 實證結果分析51
 
第五章 結論與建議56
 
參考文獻59
中文部分:
 
京都議定書全文,http://www.tri.org.tw/unfccc/Unfccc/UNFCCC02.htm
 
Stix , G. (2006)。陳儀蓁譯。「全球暖化對抗指南」,《科學人》,10 月,50-53。
 
王運銘(2008)「聯合國氣候變化綱要公約(UNFCCC)第13次締約國大會暨京都議定書第3次締約國會議(COP13/MOP3)」出國報告書。http://open.nat.gov.tw/OpenFront/report_download.jspx?sysId=C09603398
 
李堅明、謝碧鳳(2002),「貿易自由化之環境影響評估─以台灣環境顧志耐曲線為例」,台灣土地金融季刊,第39 卷第3 期,第157-177 頁
 
吳珮瑛(2003),「經濟發展與環境品質」,出自於陳明健主編「自然資源與環境經濟學-理論基礎與本土案例分析」,雙葉書廊。
 
鄭睿合(2009),「台灣與日、韓環境顧志耐曲線之應用-二氧化碳排放變動分析」,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
 
英文部分:
 
Agras, J. And D. Chapman, (1999), ‘‘A Dynamic Approach to the Environment Kuznets Curve Hypothesis,’’ Ecological Economics, 28, pp. 267-277.
 
Andreon, J. and A. Levinson (2001), "The Simple Analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve, " Journal of Public Economics, 80(2):269-286.
 
Alpay, S. and S. Mahmud, (2002), “Testing the Validity of Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis,” Paper Presented at the 5th Conference on Global Economic Analysis, June 5-7, Taipei, Taiwan.
 
Arrow, K., Bolin, B., Costanza, R., Dasgupta, P., Folke, C., Holling, C.S., Jansson, B.O.,Levin, S., Mäler, K.G., Perrings, C., and Pimental, D., (1995), “Economic Growth, Carrying Capacity and the Environment,” Science, 268, pp.520-521.
 
Barbier, E. B., (1997), “Introductionto the Environmental Kuznets Curve Special Issue,” Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 357-367.
 
Bimonte, S., (2002), “Information access, income distribution, and the Environmental Kuznets Curve,” Ecological Economics 41, 145-156.
 
Coase, R. H., (1960), “The problem of social cost,” Journal of Law and Economics, 3, 1-44.
 
Cole, M.A., Rayner, A.J., and Bates, J.M., (1997), “The Environmental Kuznets Curve: an Empirical Analysis,” Environment and Development Economics, 2,pp.401-416.
 
Cole , M. A. and Elliott, R. J. R., (2006), “Endogenous Pollution Havens: Does FDI Influence Environmental Regulations,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 108 (2), 157-178.
 
Dales, J. H., (1968), “Pollution, Property and Prices,” Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
 
Dickey, D. A. and W. A. Fuller, (1979), “Distribution of the Estimators for Autoregressive Time-Series with a Unit Root,” Journal of the American Statistical Association,
Vol.74, pp.427-431.
 
Dasgupta, S., B. Laplante, N. Mamingi, and H. Wang, (2001), “Inspections, Pollution rices and Environmental Performance: Evidence from China,” Ecological Economics, 36, 487-498.
 
Dinda, S., (2004), “Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis : A Survey,” Ecological Economics. 49,431-455.
 
Friedl, Birgit and Michael Getzner, (2003), “Determinants of CO2 Emissions in a Small Open Economy, ” Ecological Economics, 45 (4), 133-48.
 
EU. (2002). 2002/358/EC: Council decision of 25 April 2002 concerning the approval, on behalf of the European community, of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfilment of commitments thereunder. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002D0358:EN:HTML下載日期:2008/7/26
 
EU. (2003). Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003,establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ. do?uri=CELEX:32003L0087:EN: NOT,下載日期:2008/7/26
 
European Commission. (2006a). Building a global carbon market–Report pursuant to Article 30 of Directive 2003/87/EC. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/com/2006/com2006_0676en01.pdf 下載日期:2008/7/26
 
Grossman, G. M. and A. B. Krueger, (1991), “Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement, ” NBER working papers 3914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
 
Grossman, G. M. and Krueger, A., (1993), “Environmental Impacts of A North American Free Trade Agreement,” in P. Garber, ed., The U. S .- Mexico Free Trade Agreement, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 13-56.
 
Grossman, G. M. and A. B. Krueger, (1995), “Economic Growth and the Environment,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110,353-377.
 
Greene, H.W., (2000), Econometric Analysis, New Jersey: Pretice-Hall, Inc.
 
Galeott, M., A. Lanza, and F. Pauli, (2006), “Reassessing the Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 Emissions: A Robustness Exercise,” Ecological Economics, 57: 152-163.
 
Holtz-Eakin, D., Selden, T.M., (1995), “Stoking the fires? CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth,” Journal of Public Economics. 57:85-101.
 
Hettige, H., M. Mani and D. Wheeler, (1997), “Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited.” World Bank, Policy Research Department Working Paper, No. 1876.
 
Im, K.S., H. M. Pesaran and Y. Shin, (2003), “Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels,” Journal of Econometrics .Amsterdam: Vol. 115, Iss. 1; p. 53Kuznets curve: turning a black box into a policy tool, Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 2, Issue 4, November 1997.
 
Kuznet, S., (1955), “Economic Growth and Income Equality,” American Economic eveiew. 45,1-28.
 
List, J. A. and C. A. Gallet, (1999), “The Kuznets Curve: What Happens after the Inverted-U,” Review of Development Economics, 3, 200-206.
 
Levin, A., C. F. Lin, and C. S. J. Chu, (2002), “Unit Root Tests in Panel Data: Asymptotic
and Finite-sample Properties,” Journal of Econometrics, 108, 1-24.
 
Liao, H. C., and Suen, Y. B.,.(2006),. “A Quantile Inference of Environmental Kuznets Hypothesis: Economic Growth and CO2 Emission,” Paper Presented at the International Conference on Trade and Industrial Economics, March 24, Taipei, Taiwan.
 
Moomaw, W. R. and G. C. Unruh, (1997). “Are Environmental Kuznets Curves Misleading? The Case of CO2 Emissions,” Environment and Development economics.2, 451-463.
 
Panayotou, T., (1993), “Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development,” Working Paper WP238 Technology and Employment Programme, International Labor Office,Geneva.
 
Papanek, G. F. and O. Kyn, (1986), “The Effect on Income Distribution of Development, the Growth Rate and Economic Strategy,” Journal of Development Economics. 23, 55-65.
 
Shafik, N. and S. Bandyopadhyay, (1992), “Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence", working paper.
 
Selden, T. M. and D. Song, (1994), “Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions", Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 27, 147-162.
 
Stern, D.I., Common, M.S., and Barbier, E.B., (1996), “Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: the Environmental Kuznets Curve and Sustainable Development", World Development, 24 (7), pp.1151-1160.
 
Scruggs, L.A., (1998), “Political and Economic Inequality and the Environment", Ecological Economics, 26, 259-275.

Sinha, D. R., (2010), “The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Legacy Pollution: A Geohistorical Analysis of The Environmental Consequences of Industrialization in Worcester Massachusetts" , The Industrial Geographer.7(1), 1-18.
 
Tahvonen, O. and J. Kuuluvainen, (1993), “Optimal Growth with Renewable Resources and Pollution, " European Economic Review, 35, pp.650-661.
 
Tietenberg, T. H., (1985), “Emissions Trading: an Exercise in reforming pollution policy", Washington, D.C.: Future, Inc.,
 
Tisdell, C., (2001), “Globalisation and sustainability: environmental Kuznets curve and the WTO". Ecological Economics 39(2), 185-196
 
Vincent J.R., (1997), “Testing for environmental Kuznets curves within a developing country", Environment and development economics 2, 417-431.
 
Wu, P.-I., (1998), “Economic Development and Environmental Quality: Evidence from Taiwan, " Asian Economic Journal. 12(4), 395-412.
 
World Bank, (2008), State and trends of the carbon market 2008 .
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top