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研究生:張凱倫
研究生(外文):Kai-lun Chang
論文名稱:論烏山獼猴保護區之觀光餵食:過去、現在及未來
論文名稱(外文):On the wildlife feeding tourism at Wushan macaque reserve: past, present and future
指導教授:許澤宇許澤宇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Che-yu Hsui
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:旅遊事業管理學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:生態旅遊野生動物觀光餵食衝擊風險
外文關鍵詞:Tourism WildlifeEcotourismFeedingConflictsrisky
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  本研究以台灣台南之烏山獼猴保護區為個案,探討當地發展野生台灣獼猴觀光餵食之歷史沿革、現況,並對未來提出建議。研究方法除了以文獻分析與實地觀察法外,並以田野調查的方式與觀光餵食之利害關係者進行深度訪談,以探究潛藏在台灣獼猴觀光餵食操作過程中之衝擊與風險。
 
  研究結果顯示,烏山地區之觀光餵食活動已施行數年,主管觀光之公部門由於旅遊安全以及社會輿論之壓力因此涉入不深;至於當地致力發展觀光餵食之私部門由於受限於人力、財力,因此在餵食活動的同時,鮮有配套之管理措施。此外本區域由於多年之餵食活動,致使獼猴之族群成長率高於其他區域,在現有棲地已不足以支撐其族群成長之情況下,外加上未強制定點餵食,導致目前獼猴族群已向山下人類居所擴散,並因此衍生諸多人、猴不良互動。由於觀光餵食目前在國內外仍具爭議,但不可諱言其是拉近人與自然的一種有效方式,遊客在體驗餵食的過程大多都能有高的滿意度。因此在餵食計畫進行之前,本研究建議應先制定場域選定準則,並以執照的發放作為活動控管的依據;此外,餵食區域亦應長期監測,以利評估活動過程所引發之衝擊與風險。期盼能在有效的管理與監控下兼顧觀光之經濟發展以及生態保育,透過與野生動物間之和平共存達到互利共生。
  This research as a case study, based upon semi-structured interviews, aims to explore issues of feeding macaque, interview stakeholders of Wushan macaque reserved area, and by personal observation, tries to offer a deep interview close to the truth. From such, inducing various comments in some extent could be said to be a way to rethink the interaction between human and between them for a win-win situation. The study results showed that many tourists have had a precious wildlife, and most importantly, to clear identify the conflicts and problems touring experiences when feeding macaque in a close distance, and it is good for local economical development; however, the feeding program conducted in this place has no sufficient management regime applied, such as no feeding restricted zone was planned and no interpretation involves, only passive management, for instance, the prohibition board existed. Even more, tourism bureau has not yet to instruct and manage these, but only local township administration and agricultural section of the county government deal with these feeding issues that apparently shows the resources disintegrate. In other words, governmental departments currently seldom help and interact with each other, and have no appropriate ways for communication. Additionally, from literature review and interview, many critics draw much attention to ecological conservation, and seldom mention tourism and local development. For solving previous- mentioned conflicts, this study suggested that the locale community could be a bridge between governmental and private departments to set restraints to tourists, and have supporting strategies to management, for example, the planning of feeding zones, educating feeding skills, and providing environmental interpretation, etc., that will have well economical developing for tourism and ecological conservation. In summary, this study looks forward to offering people to rethink and identify relationship between human and wildlife, to coexist harmoniously and mutualism.
中文摘要i
英文摘要ii
目錄iv
表目錄vi
圖目錄vii
 
第一章 緒論1
1.1研究背景1
1.2研究動機3
1.3研究目的5
1.3研究流程6
 
第二章 文獻探討7
2.1觀光餵食之相關文獻7
2.1.1餵食對野生動物之負面衝擊8
2.1.2餵食對野生動物之正面影響10
2.2台灣獼猴之相關研究12
2.3餵食台灣獼猴之相關法令13
 
第三章 研究方法15
3.1質性研究15
3.2個案研究法16
3.2.1個案介紹17
3.3資料蒐集方式18
3.3.1觀察法18
3.3.2訪談18
3.3.3訪談對象20
3.4研究的信度與效度22
 
第四章 分析結果25
4.1烏山獼猴餵食之歷史沿革25
4.1.1烏山餵食起源25
4.1.2無心插柳:利益的產生27
4.2烏山獼猴餵食之現況29
4.2.1鄉公所的無奈與無助29
4.2.2衝突的發生31
4.2.3管理單位的介入34
4.2.4居民的抗爭37
4.2.5專家學者的看法39
4.2.6遊客的反應46
 
第五章 管理意涵與討論48
5.1管理意涵48
5.2討論52
 
第六章 結論與建議59
6.1結論59
6.2建議61
 
參考文獻63
I. 中文文獻63
II. 英文文獻66
 
附錄一 訪談大綱75
 
表目錄
表3-1受訪者代號與背景屬21
 
圖目錄
圖3-1 研究場址位置示意圖17
圖3-2 實地觀察與解說服務18
圖3-3 餵食獼猴現況觀察18
圖3-4 資料檢證的三角交叉法24
圖4-1 餵食步道示意圖27
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21. 玉山國家公園(2009)。法律規範。下載日期:2011.5.10,取自http://www.ysnp.gov.tw/legalnorms.aspx
 
22. 高雄市政府農業局全球資訊網(2011)。壽山地區台灣獼猴入侵社區防治與獼猴行為常識。下載日期:100年5月10日,取自http://agri.kcg.gov.tw/?pn=view&id=k56k1ogf076q
 
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