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研究生:廖文國
研究生(外文):Wen-Guo Liau
論文名稱:以分散式電源配置改善配電網利用與擴充
論文名稱(外文):Distributed Generation Placement for ImprovingDistribution Network Utilization and Expansion
指導教授:蘇俊連蘇俊連引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Lien Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:輪機工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:98
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:分散式電源擴充規劃多目標最佳化基因演算法太陽能演算法政治方案容量
外文關鍵詞:Distributed generationExpansion planningMulti-objective
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配電系統擴充規劃問題需根據該區域之地理、政治、經濟特
性,考慮區域電網負載成長需求,以決定欲安裝於電網上之電網強
化設備類型及適當容量。隨著分散式電源(Distributed Generation,DG)
之發展,未來將有大量之風力發電、太陽能發電、小水力發電與小
型汽電共生機組直接併聯至配電系統,分散式電源可視為配電系統
擴充規劃選項之一。本文主要目的為建立一套整合分散式電源之配
電系統最佳投資擴充計畫分析模式, 以基因演算法(Genetic
Algorithm, GA)多目標規劃理論進行含分散式電源之電網強化方案
規劃。藉由所建立的分析模式,可提供配電系統最佳投資擴充計畫,
以有效整合分散式電源,降低其負面影響並轉化為對配電系統供電
有正面助益,提供充裕優質電源來滿足不同負載區域用電需求。
The problem of distribution systems expansion planning consists of determining the appropriate type, capacity of the reinforcement to be installed in the network, taking into consideration the demand to be attended according to geographical, political and economical characteristics. In an open electricity market scenario, the connection of distributed generation (DG) units that employ smaller generators producing electricity from renewable energy sources or small-scale combined heat and power plants must be included within the expansion alternatives in order to attend the demand growth. The engineering aspects of distribution systems expansion planning then require various objectives to be simultaneously accomplished in order achieve the optimality of the distribution system development and operation with DG. These objectives usually contradict each other and cannot be handled by conventional single optimization techniques. The aim of this thesis is to build a set of analysis model for optimal expansion planning of distribution systems with DG. The expansion planning problem is formulated as a genetic algorithm mulit-objective optimization problem, non-linear with mixed real and integer variables, and therefore heuristic methods can be successfully applied. The analysis model allows the planner to choose a set of suitable expansion alternatives for different types of customers and find the optimal placement of DG that can reduce negative impacts of different possible DG arrangements.
摘 要 I
Abstract II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 V
圖 目 錄 VIII
表 目 錄 . IX

第一章 緒 論 1
1.1 研究動機及目的 1
1.2 國內外相關研究概況 3
1.3 論文架構 5

第二章 分散式電源對配電系統之影響 6
2.1 分散式電源簡介 6
2.2 分散式發電種類與特性 6
2.2.1 太陽能發電 7
2.2.2 風力發電 8
2.3 分散式發電對配電系統之影響 9
2.3.1 供電可靠度 9
2.3.2 線路損失 11
2.3.3電壓控制 12
2.3.4 短路電流及系統保護 14
2.3.5 諧波失真 15
2.3.6 電壓閃爍 15
2.4 管理分散式電源之解決方案 16

第三章 整合分散式電源之配電系統最佳擴充規劃數學模型 22
3.1 問題描述與數學模型 22
3.1.1 目標函數 23
3.1.2 限制條件 30
3.2 求解方法 32
3.2.1 基因演算法 33
3.2.1.1 適應値函數 34
3.2.1.2 編碼與解碼 34
3.2.1.3 複製 35
3.2.1.4 交配 36
3.2.1.5 突變 38
3.2.1.6 基因演算法之參數控制 38
3.2.1.7 基因演算法之優缺點 39
3.2.2 格雷碼 41
3.2.3 懲罰函數 42
3.2.4 適應型基因演算法 45
3.2.4.1 菁英策略 45
3.2.4.2 適應性交配及突變機制 46
3.2.4.3 人口汰新策略 47
3.3 求解流程 48

第四章 測試結果與討論 54
4.1 測試系統 54
4.2多目標解之分析比較 58
4.3分散式電源及線路開關最佳配置對規劃結果之影響 63
4.4不同擴充規劃時程之最佳規劃結果 65
4.5滿足不同區域負載用電品質之最佳規劃結果 67

第五章 結論與未來研究方向 69
5.1 結論 69
5.2 未來研究方向 70

參考文獻 72

作者簡介 78
參考文獻

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