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研究生:翁永松
研究生(外文):Yong-Song Wong
論文名稱:台灣小琉球海域產叉尾鶴鱵(Tylosurus acus melanotus)之年齡成長研究
論文名稱(外文):Age and growth of the needle fish, Tylosurus acus melanotus in the waters around Hsiao-Liu-Chiu, Taiwan
指導教授:廖翊雅廖翊雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yih-Yia Liao
口試委員:劉光明莊守正廖翊雅
口試委員(外文):Kwang-Ming LiuShoou-Jeng JoungYih-Yia Liao
口試日期:2011-06-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:漁業生產與管理研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:年齡成長叉尾鶴鱵耳石
外文關鍵詞:age and growthTylosurus acus melanotusotolith
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本研究以台灣西南小琉球海域產叉尾鶴鱵(Tylosurus acus melanotus)為研究對象,利用耳石來進行年齡成長之判定。採樣從2008年7月至2009年8月,按月前往小琉球海域蒐集以流刺網捕獲之樣本,總計共採得658尾樣本魚,其中雌魚329尾、雄魚329尾。體重(BW)與眼眶後尾叉長(EFL)之廻歸關係經最大概似法(Maximum likelihood)檢定結果顯示並無顯著差異(p>0.05),故將雌雄魚體長體重之資料合併,其廻歸式為BW=0.0105EFL2.7904 (r2=0.87,n=658)。眼眶後尾叉長(EFL)與耳石長(OL)之廻歸關係經最大概似法(Maximum likelihood)檢定出雌雄魚有顯著差異(p<0.05),其雌雄魚廻歸式分別表示如下:雌魚為EFL = 7.7823OL1.0249 (r²=0.87,n=290);雄魚為EFL = 7.6061OL1.015 (r²=0.82,n=281)。耳石形質經研磨後有442顆耳石可判讀,APE平均值為1.88%;CV平均值為2.39%,根據耳石每月之邊緣成長率變化推測輪紋是一年形成一次。以非線性廻歸分別估得雌雄魚之von Bertalanffy成長參數經最大概似法檢定結果顯示,雌雄間沒有顯著差異(p>0.05)。方程式為L∞ = 102.7 cm,k = 0.4482/yr,to = -0.1674/yr。
Age and growth of the needle fish, Tylosurus acus melanotus, caught in the Hsiao-Liu-Chiu waters off southwestern Taiwan, was examined by using otolith ring counting in this study. A total of 658 specimens (329 females and 329 males) were collected monthly from the catches of driftnet between July 2008 and August 2009. The relationships the eye fork length (EFL) and body weight (BW) for females and males are not significantly different and a sexes combined relationship can be expressed as BW=0.0105EFL2.7904 (r2=0.87, n=658). The relationships between eye fork length (EFL) and otolith length (OL) are estimated to be EFL = 7.7823OL1.0249 (r²=0.87, n=290) for females, and EFL = 7.6061OL1.015 (r²=0.82, n=281) for males. Ages were derived from 442 counted otoliths, which the APE average was 1.88%, and CV average was 2.39%. Monthly changes in the marginal increment ratio of the otoliths indicated that annulus formed once a year. The growth parameters of sexes combined von Bertalanffy growth eguation were L∞ = 102.7 cm, k = 0.4482/yr, to = -0.1674/yr.
目錄
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
謝詞 Ⅲ
目錄 Ⅳ
表目錄 Ⅶ
圖目錄 Ⅷ
一、前言 1
1-1 分類地位 1
1-2形態特徵 2
1-3 分佈習性及漁獲方法 2
1-4 小琉球漁業及資源概況 3
1-5 相關文獻 4
1-6 研究目的 5
二、材料與方法 6
2-1 樣本採集 6
2-2 樣本處理及量測 6
2-3 年齡形質之選定 7
2-4 耳石處理及包埋 8
2-5 耳石研磨 9
2-6 輪紋計數 10
2-7 分析方法 10
2-7-1 眼眶後尾叉長(EFL) 與全長(TL)、尾叉長(FL)、標準體長(SL)之廻歸關係 10
2-7-2 體長體重之關係 11
2-7-3 耳石成長 12
2-7-4 輪紋判讀之誤差 12
2-7-5 邊緣成長率之計算 13
2-7-6 成長方程式之推估 14
三、結果 15
3-1 體長頻度分佈 15
3-2 眼眶後尾叉長(EFL)與全長(TL)、尾叉長(FL)、標準體長(SL)間之廻歸關係 15
3-3 體長與體重之關係 16
3-4 眼眶後尾叉長(EFL)與耳石長(OL)、耳石徑長(OR)、耳石重(OW)之關係 16
3-5 耳石輪紋之判讀與計數 18
3-6 耳石輪紋判讀之誤差 19
3-7輪紋形成之週期 19
3-8 出生輪之判定 20
3-9 von Bertalanffy 成長方程式 20
四、討論 22
4-1 叉尾鶴鱵樣本之探討 22
4-2 查定年齡方法之探討 23
4-3 輪紋形成週期 26
4-4 輪紋判讀之誤差 28
4-5 成長速率 29
4-6成長方程式 29
五、結論 32
參考文獻 33
附表 43
附圖 47

參考文獻

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三、網路文獻
台灣魚類資料庫(2011)。
http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/version.htm
國立臺灣海洋大學環境生物與漁業科學學系海洋遙測實驗室
http://140.121.161.31/RSL/

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