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研究生:張傑
研究生(外文):Chieh Chang
論文名稱:節能照明之電子式安定器研製
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Electronic Ballast for Energy-Conservation Lighting System
指導教授:沈志隆沈志隆引用關係吳毓恩
指導教授(外文):Chih-Lung ShenYu-En Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:電子工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:功率因數修正電路保護燈絲預熱電子式安定器
外文關鍵詞:Lamp Circuit ProtectionPreheatingElectronic BallastPower Factor Correction.
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本論文提出T5 28W 雙管之自激式電子式安定器及可調光之低壓鈉燈安定器,所提雙管自激式安定器具有高功因、高效率、燈絲預熱及電路保護功能;低壓鈉燈安定器則具高功因及調光之功能。文中,電子安定器採用兩級式架構,前級為功率因數修正電路,後級為非對稱半橋換流器。由於傳統的自激式電子安定器都只能驅動單一燈管,且在預熱電路和燈管漏氣保護的功能是沒有作設計的,導致螢光燈管的使用壽命和電子安定器上的元件壽命下降,因此,本論文針對自激式電子安定器的預熱電路和電路保護功能進行設計分析與測試。所提之雙管自激式電子安定器經點滅次數測試、環境測試、預熱功能測試、燈管漏氣測試、EMI測試。此外,本論文所研製低壓鈉燈安定器具有調頻調光功能,經過測試,可以很線性的調光。兩樣成品經過測試均符合商品化的要求。
This thesis presents the design and implementation of a self-oscillation electronic ballast for T5 28W double-tube fluorescent lamp, which not only can achieve high power factor and high efficiency but perform effective filament preheating and lamp leakage protection. The configuration of the electric ballast is two-stage, including a power factor corrector and an asymmetrical half-bridge converter. Unlike traditional self-oscillation electric ballast, the proposed one can drive two tubes in a fluorescent lamp simultaneously or individually as well as with all the functions of over voltage protection, over current protection, lamp leakage protection and filament preheating. As a result, the lifetime of fluorescent lamp is prolonged, and high reliability and performance are obtained. In this thesis, a marketable self-oscillation electronic ballast for T5 28W two-tube lamp is implemented. Some key waveforms and practical measurements are shown in the thesis to demonstrate the feasibility of the ballast. In addition, a series of experiments, such as on/off testing, environment test, preheating testing, protection testing, lamp leakage testing and EMI measurement, is also carried out to verify that the ballast can meet the commercial requirements. Another energy conservation lamp, low-pressure sodium ballast is studied and then, implemented in this thesis as well. The studied low-pressure sodium ballast possesses the particular feature of linear dimming over a wide range, which has verified practical results measured from a prototype.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
一. 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構 5
二. 螢光燈的演進和特性分析 7
2.1 照明光源的演進 7
2.2 螢光燈管基本構造及氣體放電發光過程 10
2.3 螢光燈管之特性 13
三. 功率因數修正電路 18
3.1 功率因數的定義 18
3.2 功率因數修正電路之架構 21
3.3 功率因數修正電路之控制模式 31
四. 電子安定器之換流器及諧振網路 38
4.1 換流器之架構 38
4.2 諧振網路操作原理 41
五. T5雙管自激式電子式安定器 45
5.1 電路架構 46
5.1.1 Boost功率因數修正器設計 48
5.1.2 非對稱半橋工作分析 58
5.1.3 諧振網路設計 63
5.2 預熱電路分析 68
5.3 保護電路分析 71
5.3.1 燈管漏氣保護 71
5.3.2 整流效應保護 72
5.4 硬體量測 74
5.4.1 量測波形 75
5.4.2 實驗數據 76
5.4.3 硬體電路 79
5.5 問題與討論 79
六. 可調光之低壓鈉燈安定器 80
6.1 低壓鈉燈之結構和特性 81
6.2 電路架構 83
6.3 調光方式 83
6.4 硬體量測 87
6.5 問題與討論 89
七. 結論與未來研究方向 90
7.1 結論 90
7.2 未來研究方向 90
參考文獻 92
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