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研究生:李依亭
研究生(外文):I-ting Li
論文名稱:社會暴力之外:《戴洛威夫人》中的個體美
論文名稱(外文):Beyond the Social Violence: Individual Beauty in Mrs. Dalloway
指導教授:黃心雅黃心雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsin-ya Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:真理瘋狂美學女人暴力個體美《戴洛威夫人》維吉尼亞.吳爾芙
外文關鍵詞:womantruthindividual beautyviolenceVirginia WoolfaestheticsmadnessMrs. Dalloway
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本論文旨在探討吳爾芙於《戴洛威夫人》中如何指出個體美將人的意義從社會建構中解放出來。克萊麗莎與賽浦特摩斯身為女人與瘋人,在社會中的情況展示了個人被社會中當道的意識形態邊緣化的可能。人與人間相互以自己的信念評斷與征服他人的關係也暴露了相似的暴力。然而,透過對戴洛威夫人與賽浦特摩斯的描述所表達出的美學觀點,吳爾芙揭示了存在本身的美。此美學將人從社會價值系統中解放出來,並且顯示了不同個體間超越時間與身體界線的美學關係。
除了序言與結尾,本章分成三個章節。第一章探討在二十世紀初的英國,戴洛威夫人與賽浦特摩斯身為女人與瘋人在社會上的邊緣位置。身為女人,戴洛威夫人受限於她的家庭角色。而賽浦特摩斯身為瘋人則被隔離於社會之外。在此章中我主張戴洛威夫人的宴會與賽浦特摩斯的瘋人書寫是他們用以改變社會現況的奉獻。第二章探討在他人身上施以權力的黑暗欲望。賽浦特摩斯的死亡與戴洛威夫人對存在之美的感知被視為是對此種暴力的脫逃/出口。第三章探索吳爾芙在《戴洛威夫人》中所揭示的存在之美以及超越評斷與社會建構之暴力的個體間之美學關係。

The thesis aims to explore how Virginia Woolf indicates the individual beauty in Mrs. Dalloway to free the meaning of a human being from the social construction. The social condition of Clarissa and Septimus as a woman and a mad man shows that an individual could be marginalized in the dominating ideology of the society. The relationship in which people judge and overwhelm one another with their own ideas and beliefs exposes similar violence. Through the aesthetic perspectives expressed in the characterization of Septimus and Mrs. Dalloway, however, Woolf discloses the beauty of existence itself. The aesthetics liberates the value of a human being from the social value systems and manifests the aesthetic relationship between different individuals who transcend the boundaries of time as well as body.
In addition to Introduction and Conclusion, the thesis is divided into three chapters. In Chapter One, I investigate Mrs. Dalloway’s and Septimus’s marginalized social positions as a woman and a mad man in Britian in the early 20th century. As a woman, Mrs. Dalloway was confined to her domestic role and Septimus, as a mad man, was secluded from society. In this chapter, I argue that Mrs. Dalloway’s party and Septimus’s mad writing, as their way to change the status quo of the society, are their offerings to the world. Chapter Two investigates the dark desire to wield power over the others. Septimu’s death and Mrs. Dalloway’s perception of the beauty of the existence are taken as an escape/exit from this violence. Chapter Three explores the beauty of the existence and the aesthetic relationship between individuals beyond the violence of judgments and social construction Woolf reveals in Mrs. Dalloway.
Table Contents
論文審定書 i
Acknowledgements ii
Abstract in Chinese iii
Abstract in English iv
Introduction 1
Chapter One: Disguised Violence 19
Chapter Two: Violence of Domination vs. Individual Beauty 41
Chapter Three: Individual Beauty 62
Conclusion 90
Works Cited 98

Works Cited
Bell, Quentin. Virginia Woolf: A Biography. New York: Harvest Books, 1974.
Brewer, Lisa Shaula. "''Thinking is My Fighting'': Tracing the Developing Critique of War and Violence in the Fiction of Virginia Woolf." Diss. U of Oregon, 1999.
Briggs, Julia. Virginia Woolf: An Inner Life. Orlando: Harcourt, 2005.
Caramagno, Thomas C. “Manic-Depressive Psychosis and Critical Approaches to Virginia Woolf’s Life and Work.” PMLA 103 (1988): 10-23.
Cheng, Yuan-Jung. Heralds of the Post Modern: Madness and Fiction in Conrad, Woolf, and Lessing. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.
DeMeester, Karen. “Trauma, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Obstacles to Postwar Recovery in Mrs. Dalloway.” Viginia Woolf and Trauma: Embodied Texts. Ed. Suzette Henke and David Eberly. New York: Pace UP, 2007. 77-94.
Dickinson, Renée. Female Embodiment and Subjectivity in the Modernist Novel: The Corporeum of Virginia Woolf and Olive Moore. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Forbes, Shannon. “Equating Performance with Identity: The Failure of Clarissa Dalloway’s Victorian ‘Self’” in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway.” The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 38.1 (2005): 38-50.
Foucault, Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Trans. Richard Howard. London: Routledge, 1995.
Froula, Christine. Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Avant-garde. New York: Columbia UP, 2005.
Gorham, Deborah. The Victorian Girl and the Feminine Ideal. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1982.
Kant, Immanuel. The Critique of Judgment. Trans. J. H. Bernard. New York: Prometheus, 2000.
Lee, Hermione. Virginia Woolf. Vintage Books, 1999.
Levenback, Karen L. Virginia Woolf and the Great War. New York: Syracuse UP, 1999.
Littleton, Jacob. “Mrs. Dalloway: Portrait of the Artist as a Middle-Aged Woman.” Twentieth Century Literature 41 (1995): 36-53.
Miller, J. Hills. “Repetition as the Raising of the Dead.” Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House P, 1988. 79-102.
Poole, Roger. The Unknown Virginia Woolf. New York: Cambridge UP, 1995.
Reese, Judy S. Recasting Social Values in the Work of Virginia Woolf. London: Associated UP, 1996.
Rosenthal, Michael. Virginia Woolf. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.
Russett, Cynthia Eagle. Sexual Science: The Victorian Construction of Womanhood. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1989.
Woolf, Virginia. “A Sketch of the Past.” Moments of Being. Ed. Leanne Schulkind. San
Diego: HBJ, 1985. 61-160.
---. Mrs. Dalloway. New York: 1925.
---. The Diary of Virginia Woolf. Ed. Anne Olivier Bell. 5 vols. Harmondsworth: 1981.
Usui, Masami. “The Female Victims of the War in Mrs. Dalloway.” Virginia Woolf and War: Fiction, Reality, and Myth. Ed. Mark Hussey. New York: Syracuse UP, 1991. 151-63.
Szasz, Thomas. “My Madness Saved Me”: The Madness and Marriage of Virginia Woolf. New Brunswick: Transaction P, 2006.
Zwerdling, Alex. Virginia Woolf and the Real World. Berkeley: U of California P, 1986.

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