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研究生:林昱竹
研究生(外文):Yu-chu Lin
論文名稱:馬羅里的有德之愛與真愛:藍撒洛與崔斯坦
論文名稱(外文):Malory’s Idea of Virtuous Love and True Love: Lancelot and Tristram
指導教授:蘇其康蘇其康引用關係
指導教授(外文):Francis K. H. So
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:《亞瑟之死》馬羅里崔斯坦藍撒洛愛情
外文關鍵詞:MaloryLauncelotloveLe Morte DarthurTristram
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馬羅里在《亞瑟之死》中所呈現的愛情觀念往往被視為曖眛不連貫,本論文嘗試分析馬羅里處理書中兩位「最真的愛人」藍撒洛與崔斯坦的手法,借以探討書中愛情的真義。在以往討論馬羅里愛情觀的批評論述中,藍撒洛與瑰妮薇的戀情經常為聚光燈下的焦點,馬羅里著墨較少的崔斯坦與伊索德之戀則被往往乏人問津。本論文試圖說明馬羅里處理藍撒洛與崔斯坦的不同,其不同可恰對應到作者的兩種愛情觀:有德之愛與真愛,借此說明此兩種愛情觀的異同。
  本論文第一章與第二章將分析馬羅里處理兩位愛情騎士的手法,崔斯坦由少不經事、處處留情成長為與伊索德維持穩定關係的「最真愛人」;藍撒洛雖然對瑰妮薇從一而終,但不到最後懂得去敬天愛神他便仍無法達到馬羅里有德之愛的標準。
  第三章將聚焦於馬羅里對有德之愛與真愛的定義,兼以討論其他馬羅里所讚揚的真愛之人,比較他們與兩位騎士的異同,以便對馬羅里的愛情觀有較全面性的了解。值得注意的是,馬羅里並非將兩位騎士描寫成天生就懂愛之人,而都需要經過犯錯與學習才漸漸朝他們理想愛情的形象邁進。
The theme of love in Malory’s Le Morte Darthur has long been considered to be confusing and inconsistent. This thesis aims to analyze Malory’s treatment of love in the two knights addressed as truest lovers: Launcelot and Tristram. Launcelot, as the central figure of the whole book, demonstrates well Malory’s ideal about chivalry and about love, while the Tale of Tristram is neglected as an analogy which foreshadows Launcelot’s adulterous relationship. I will survey these two knights’ love stories with Malory’s terms of “virtuous love” and “true lover,” and point out that although both of them are truest lover, their loves differ, so as to demonstrate the essence of love in Malory’s work. Chapter one and two will focus on the love stories of Tristram and of Lancelot. Tristram, as a young knight, who first loves passionately, “sone hote sone colde,” later establishes a stable relationship with la Beale Isode. The young couples, however fails to reconcile the conflict of love and moral and eventually die because of the jealousy husband, King Mark. On the contrary, Launcelot, as an elder knight, keeps faithful to Guinevere, his first and last love, refusing every suggestion of marriage with other worshipful ladies, truly repenting his sin after committing one. Chapter three will examine the definition of “virtuous love” in May Passage, which reveal Malory’s ideal of love, a long-lasting love, chaste and faithful, correspondent with Christian morality. Though having his ideal represented in the marriage love of Gareth, Malory understands well the possibility of imperfection and thus includes Launcelot as one form of true lover, who is unable to marry but maintains chaste and unites in heart, and Tristram as another form of true lover, whose “love is free in himself.” This thesis will conclude that in his treatment of love Malory depicts various possibilities of human nature of love and points out different measures to achieve the ideal.
Introduction…………………………………………………… 1
Chapter I……………………………………………………… 14
Malory’s idea of Virtuous Love and Lancelot
Chapter II………………………………..……………………. 45
Malory’s idea of True love and Tristram
Chapter III…………………………………………………….. 65
Virtuous Love and True Love Compared
Conclusion……………………………………………….……. 75
Work Cited……………………………………………..…….... 79

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