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研究生:紀秀蓉
研究生(外文):Hsiu-Jung Chi
論文名稱:柏克論傳統與政治---一個美學的詮釋
論文名稱(外文):Burke on Tradition and Politic--an Aesthetic Understanding
指導教授:曾國祥曾國祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Shiang Tseng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:柏克理性主義美學崇高
外文關鍵詞:sublimeBurkeRationalismbeautyaesthetic
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當眾人憶起Burke在法國大革命時期的形象,英國的他嚴詞批評英吉利海峽對岸的人正在進行一場危險的革命,這些人欲從根本的拔除法國行之有年的傳統,一味推崇自由、平等的抽象權利觀念,在他眼裡是不可信!傳統所擁有的美好是來自傳統上承載著前人的智慧隨著時代更迭,改善與修正不適合套用於人的部分,這是可以見到的;相對於傳統,抽象的權利觀所喊出的口號並不可靠,他們提供的是非基於實際狀況下的各種設想,用於政治領域會產生各種意外,並不適合人的本質,這必定是危險的。因此權利觀不可靠,只有傳統才是適合人的選擇。
本文將嘗試從Burke的美學角度,首先了解其社會組成的原因來自其美學觀,之後談到其崇高與美的觀念如何在其政治體產生作用結合於傳統之中,最後注意到Burke對理性主義的批評同樣來自於其對人之本性的觀念。本文相信從美學的方式認識其政治,並不與古憲法派相衝突,而是補充其政治作品中較不清楚的部分。
Time back to French Revolution (1789), on the other side of the English Channel, a British philosopher Edmund Burke (1729-1797) vigorously appealed French was under a dangerous revolution. As he criticized, the protesters were eradicating the long tradition of France, blindly sublimed the abstract ideas of rights, such as liberty or equal. The dangerous of pursuing abstract ideas, would caused unrecoverable damages in political practices and were also against the human nature. The core and vital of tradition, for Burke, is it brings the intellectual knowledge abreast of modern developments, actively improve and modify those inappropriate contexts. This is why abstract ideas of rights are not persuasive, and tradition is worth been relied.
This thesis will focus on Burke’s aesthetic. First, regard the core cause of his social construction is related to his aesthetic. Then, explain how his noble and aesthetic ideas in politics combine with tradition. Last, point out his critics to Rationalism also comes from his ideas of human nature. It is proved that to comprehend his politics through his aesthetic won’t cause conflicts between Ancient Constitutionalism, but can replenish those vogue parts in his political writings.


中文摘要 ⅰ
英文摘要 ⅱ
目次 ⅲ
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 Burke的美學理論 12
第一節 Burke的美學是什麼? 12
第二節 社會中的情感 19
第三節 品味理論 27
第三章 Burke的理性概念 34
第一節 理性主義的意涵 34
第二節 Burke對理性主義的批評 39
第三節 美學觀點的回應 48
第四章 Burke的傳統理論 57
第一節 對Burke傳統的詮釋 57
第二節 Burke思想中的傳統 60
第三節 Burke傳統的美學詮釋 68
第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 80

一、Burke部分
Edmund Burke.
[1756]1993. “A Vindication of Natural Society,” in Pre-Revolutionary. ed.
Ian Harris, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 8-57.
[1757]1998. A Philosophical Enquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful, ed.
A. Phillips, Oxford:Oxford University.
[1770]1993. “Thought on the Cause of Present Discontents,” in
Pre-Revolutionary. ed. Ian Harris, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
116-192.
[1775]1993. “Conciliations in North America,” in Pre-Revolutionary. ed.
Ian Harris, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 206-269.
[1790]2003. Reflections on the Revolution in France, ed. F. M. Turner, New Haven and London:Yale University.
[1791]1999. “An Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs,”
The Portable Edmund Burke. ed. Isaac Kramnick, London: Penguin, 474-499.
[1795]1999. “Thoughts and Details on Scarcity,” in The Portable Edmund
Burke. ed. Isaac Kramnick, London: Penguin, 194-212.
[1796] 1990. “A Letter to a Noble Lord,” The Portable Edmund Burke. ed.
Isaac Kramnick, London: Penguin, 213-229.
二、中文書目
(一)翻譯書籍
何兆武、許振洲、彭剛譯,Edmund Burke 原著,1996,《法國大革命反思》,香
港:牛津。
蔣慶、王瑞昌、王天成譯,Edmund Burke 原著,2004,《自由與傳統》,台北:
桂冠。
王皖強譯,Roger Scruton 原著,2006,《保守主義》,台北:立緒。
李日章譯,Ernst Cassirer 原著,1984,《啟蒙運動的哲學》,台北:聯經。
李豐斌譯,Norman Hampson 原著,1984,《啟蒙運動》,台北:聯經。
季倫譯,David Hume 原著,1989,《鑑賞的標準:休謨的論文集》,台北:結構
群。
高新民、曾曉平、殷筱、馮俊、程鑫等譯,G. H. R. Parkinson 原著,2009,《英
國哲學和啟蒙時代》,北京,中國人民大學出版社。
張福建譯,C.B. Macpherson 原著,1984,《政治自由的堡壘─柏克》,台北:時
報文化。
梁永安譯,Peter Gay 原著,2008,《啟蒙運動》(下),,台北:立緒。
彭懷棟譯,J.S. MaClelland 原著,2003,《西洋政治思想史》,台北:商周。
楊肅獻譯,C.B. Macpherson 原著,1983,《柏克》,台北:聯經。
劉森堯、梁永安譯,Peter Gay 原著,2008,《啟蒙運動》(上),台北:立緒。
朱光潛,1991,《西方美學的源頭》,台北,金楓。
---------,1988,《西方美學家論美與美感》,台北,天工。
---------,2001,《西方美學史》,台北:頂淵。
劉叔成、夏之放、樓昔勇,1986,《美學基本原理》,台北:谷風。
李醒塵,2006,《西方美學史教程》,北京市:北京大學出版社。
浦薛鳳,1988,《西洋近代政治思潮》下冊,台北:台灣商務。
蔣冰海,1992,《審美論》,上海:社會科學院。

(二)期刊
楊肅獻,2008,〈柏克思想與英格蘭啟蒙運動〉,《台大歷史學報》,42:107-171。
陳思賢,1992,〈柏克對美國革命與法國革命的不同態度〉,《政治科學論叢》,
4: 81-105。
(三)專書篇章
陳思賢,1998,〈柏克:英國人的自由與傳統中的智慧〉,載於《西洋政治思想史
─近代英國篇》,陳思賢著,台北:五南,99-131。
曾國祥,2009,〈保守主義:一個哲學的理解〉,載於《主體危機與理性批判:自
由主義的保守詮釋》,曾國祥著,台北:巨流,23-70。
江金太,1987,〈柏克的保守思想〉,《歷史與政治》,江金太著,台北:桂
冠,201-274。
----------,1987,〈現代保守主義之父─柏克〉,《歷史與政治》,江金太著,
台北:桂冠,375-384。
倪宇、張卓玉,1991,〈柏克〉,《西方著名美學家評傳》中卷,閻國忠主編,安
徽:安徽教育出版社,153-175。
(四)書中序言
何兆武,1996,《法國大革命反思》序,柏克著,香港:牛津大學出版社。
楊肅獻,2004,《傳統與自由》導讀,埃德蒙.柏克著,台北:桂冠。
(五)學位論文
韓保中,1998,〈英國保守主義的哲學基礎:柏克及區克夏的傳統主義政治哲學之研究〉,國立中山大學政治學系碩士學位論文。
二、英文部分:
Adams, Hazard. 1971. Critical Theory Since Plato. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.298-306.
Albrecht, W. P.. 1975. “Burke.” The Sublime Pleasures of Tragedy: a study of Critical
Theory from Dennis To Kant.” Lawrence: University Press of Kansas,39-51.
Boulton James T.. 1987. Introduction to A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin
of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, by James T. Boulton (ed). Oxford:Basil Blackwell.
Boyd, Richard. 1999. “The Unsteady and Precarious Contribution of Individuals:
Edmund Burke’s Defense of Civil Society” The Review of Politics
61(3):465-491.
Brook, Linda. M. 1995. “Burke’s Positive Sublime” in The Menace of the Sublime to
the Individual self in Kant, Shiller, and Coleridge. Lewiston, NY: Edwin
Mellen Press, C1995.
Browning, Reed. 1984. “The Origin of Burke`s Ideas Revisited.” Eighteenth-Century
Studies 18(1)55-71.
Canavan, F. P.. 1959. “Edmund Burke’s Conception of the Role of Reason in
Politics.”The Journal of Politics 21(1):60-79.
Conniff, James. 1987. “Burke on Political Economy: The Nature and Extent of State
Authority.” The Review of Politics 49(4):490-514.
Dunn, William C.. 1941. “Adam Smith and Edmund Burke: Complementary Contemporaries,” Southern Economic Journal 7(3):330-346.
Eagleton, Terry. 1989. “Aesthetics and Politics in Edmund Burke,”History Workshop
No.28:53-62.
Frisch, Morton J.. 1952. “Rational Planning versus Unplanned Becoming,” The
Classical Journal 47(7):288-290.
Gueguen, John A..1988. “Christian Revelation and Political Philosophy” The Review
of Politics 50(4) 741-743.
Harris, Ian. 1993. “Pre-Revolutionary Writings,” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hunn, Tom. 2002. “Burke`s Sympathy for Taste” Eighteeth-Century Studies
Aesthetics and the Disciplines 35(3)379-393.
Irwin, David. 1959. Review to A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas
of the Sublime and Beautiful by Edmund Burke by J. T. Boulton(ed). The
Burlington Magazine 101(671):76-77.
Kirk, Russell. 1953. “Conservative Mind: From Burke to Santayna. Chicago: Henry
Regnery Company, pp3-61.
Kirk, Russell. 1997.” Edmund Burke: A Genius Reconsidered”. Intercollegiate
Studies Institute: Arlington House.
McMahon, Darrin M.. 2003. “Edmund Burke and the Literary Cabal: A Tale od Two
Enlightments,” in Reflections on the Revolution in France. ed. Frank M.
Turner. New Heaven and London: Yale University Press , 233-247.
Morton, J. F.. 1952. “Rational Planning versus Unplanned Becoming” The Classical
Journal 47(7):288-290.
Mosher, Michael A.. 1991. “The Skeptic’s Burke: Reflections on the Revolution
in France, 1790-1990” Political Theory 19(3):391-418.
O’Brien, Conor Cruise. 1969. “The Manifesto of a Counter-Revolution,” In Reflection on the Revolution in France, ed. Conor Cruise O’Brien Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 9-76.
--------------. 2003. “Edmund Burke: Prophet Against the Tyranny of the
Politics of Theory,” in, Reflections on the Revolution in France. ed. Frank M.
Turner.New Heaven and London: Yale University Press, pp xi-xliii.
O’Neill, Daniel I. 2004. “Burke on Democracy as the Death of civilization,” Polity 36(2):201-225.
O’Gorman, Frank. 1973. Edmund Burke:His Political Philosophy. London:Allen &
Unwin.
Pagano, Frank N.. 1985. “Burke’s View of the Evils of Political Theory: Or, “A
Vindication of Natural Society,” Polity 17(3):446-262.
Pappine III, Joseph L. 1993. The Metaphysics of Edmund Burke. New York: Fordham
University.
Phillips, Adam. 1990. Introduction to A Philosophical Enquiry, by Adam Phillips.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pocock, J.G.A.. 1960. “Burke and the Ancient Constitution-A Problem in the History
of Ideas” The History Journal 3(2):125-143
Quinton, Anthony. 1961. “Burke on the Sublime and Beautiful” Philosophy
36(136):71-73.
Ryan, Vanessa L.. 2001. “The Physiological Sublime: Burke’s Critique of Reason.”
Journal of the History of Ideas 62(2):265-279.
Stanlis, Peter J.. 1988. “Christianity in Burke`s Foundations.” The Review of Politics
50(4):743-747.
Turner, Frank M.. 2003. “Edmund Burke: The Political Actor Thinking,” in Reflections on the Revolution in France ed. Frank M. Turner, New Heaven and London: Yale University.
Utley, T. E.. 1957. Edmund Burke. London; New York: British Council by
Longmans, Green.
White, S. K.. 1994. Edmund Burke:Modernity, Politics and Aesthetics.
California:Sage.
Wolfe, Alan. 2003. “Democracy, Social Science, and Rationality,” in Reflection on the Revolution in France. ed Frank M. Turner. New Haven and London:Yale University.
Wood, Neal. 1964. “The Aesthetic Dimension of Burke’s Political Thought.”The
Journal of British Studies 4(1):41-64.
Zerilli, Linda M. G.. 1994. “No Thrust, No Swell, No Subject?: A Critical Response
to Stephen K. White.” Political Theory 22(2): 323-328.
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