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研究生:張振豪
研究生(外文):Chen-hao Chang
論文名稱:利用結構方程模式來探討小琉球海草床上柱形瘤海葵Phymanthus strandesi與生態因子之關係
論文名稱(外文):Using Structural Equation Modeling to study the relationship between the sea anemone Phymanthus strandesi and ecological factors in the seagrass bed of Hsiao-Liuchiu Island
指導教授:莫顯蕎莫顯蕎引用關係謝寶森謝寶森引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hin-Kiu MokBao-Sen Shieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:柱形瘤海葵結構方程模式海草床
外文關鍵詞:Structural Equation Modelingseagrass bedsea anemone
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海草床是一個具高生產力的生態系統,提供各種草食生物以及食碎屑生物豐富的食物來源,一直都是生態學家的研究重點之一,海草床會形成一個複雜的生態系統,並藉由海草的地下根在穩定底質環境上扮演一個重要的角色。本研究地點位於小琉球多仔坪潮間帶上的海草床中(N 22°20"55'' E 120°21"49''),利用結構方程模式(Structural Equation Modeling)探討柱形瘤海葵(Phymanthus strandesi)與環境因子之間的關係。此外,為瞭解柱形瘤海葵對環境因子的反應,在實驗室中進行溫度與光度的操控實驗,以觀察柱形瘤海葵在面對環境因子改變時的行為變化。結果顯示在冬季和夏季的模式中,泰來草(Thalassia hemprichii)對柱形瘤海葵的影響都是正向的,但是關係相較於其他環境因子並不顯著;而在環境因子中,土深是對柱形瘤海葵與泰來草都具有正向關係的,表示土深可能是藉由泰來草間接影響柱形瘤海葵的關鍵因子。環境因子的實驗結果顯示,當水溫達到38°C以上時柱形瘤海葵就會出現躲避的行為,而在光度實驗中以探照燈照射的結果則呈現非一致性的躲避反應。
Seagrass bed is a highly productivity ecosystem, it also provides habitats for animals and plays an important role in stabilizing the substrate. The sea anemone Phymanthus strandesi is very abundant in the seagrass bed of Thalassia hemprichii on Hsiao-Liuchiu Island. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to investigate the relationship between P. strandesi and some environmental factors, which affect the distribution of this species at Tuozaiping tidal flat (N 22°20"55'' E 120°21"49''), Hsiao-Liuchiu Island. Light and temperature were also manipulated in the laboratory to test their effect on the hiding response of P. strandesi. The results of SEM show that the abundance of T. hemprichii showed very weak positive relation with P.strandesi. On the other hand, soil depth on the seagrass bed might be the main factor that affects the distribution of P. strandesi. In high a temperature situation (i.e. over 38°C), all the sea anemones in the experimental container hided into the sand.
However, only some sea anemones hid when exposed to strong light (i.e. 5030 lum/ft²) after one and half hours.
目錄.................................................................................................................................I
表目錄...........................................................................................................................II
圖目錄..........................................................................................................................III
附錄目錄......................................................................................................................IV
摘要...............................................................................................................................V
Abstract........................................................................................................................VI
壹、前言.........................................................................................................................1
貳、材料與方法.............................................................................................................6
參、結果.......................................................................................................................12
肆、討論.......................................................................................................................16
伍、結論.......................................................................................................................22
陸、參考文獻...............................................................................................................23
表..................................................................................................................................29
圖..................................................................................................................................31
附錄..............................................................................................................................47
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