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研究生:艾曼德
研究生(外文):Sawadogo, Amade
論文名稱(外文):Comparison of Knowledge and Attitudes of Tuberculosis (TB) Between People with and without Tuberculosis in the Baskuy District, Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
指導教授:鄭夙芬鄭夙芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng, Su-Fen
口試委員:劉介宇李皎正
口試委員(外文):Liu, Chieh-YuLee-Hsieh, Jane
口試日期:06/08/2011
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北護理健康大學
系所名稱:護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:87
外文關鍵詞:Tuberculosisknowledgeattitudepeople with TBpeople without TBBurkina Faso
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Background:
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common worldwide infectious diseases and the single largest cause of death in the world, in fact, since 1993, TB has been declared as "global emergency" by the World Health Organization until now (WHO, 2009). Despite the downward trend in the incidence and prevalence of TB, every continent still reports new cases, especially South-East Asia and Africa (WHO, 2008). About one-third of the world's population is infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis and at risk of developing the disease (WHO, 2009). While the treatment modalities for TB are significantly advancing, the prevalence of TB in Burkina Faso is still high. Literature showed that people with a good knowledge and positive attitude toward TB tended to engage in preventive activities for TB. Since little is known about the knowledge and attitude towards TB in Burkina Faso, it is essential to understand knowledge and attitudes toward TB in the Burkina Faso population.
Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to understand the knowledge and attitudes toward TB for people with and without the TB in the Baskuy district, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Methodology:
This cross-sectional study used a convenient sample from Baskuy health district Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Lo and the colleagues’ (2008) Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire was used to explore the participants’ knowledge and attitudes toward TB. The data collection was conducted between July and September 2010. A total of 138 participants were recruited, including 69 people with TB and 69 people without TB.
Results:
The average age of the participants was 35.42 years. The average ages of the participants with TB and without TB were respectively 39.00 and 31.84. The average “Knowledge of TB” score was 83.96 (SD= 10.18) and the average “Attitude” score was 65.65 (SD= 5.18). There was significant difference in knowledge of TB between the participant with and without TB (p < 0.05). The participants with TB had higher knowledge scores than the participants without TB (79.21±10.09). Regarding the attitudes, the participants with TB had higher scores (65.65±5.18) in attitudes than the participants without TB (64.81±8.20). However, there was no significant difference in attitudes between the participants with and without TB (p > 0.05). In addition, no significant difference existed in knowledge and attitude toward TB for people infected and not infected with HIV (p. > .05).
Conclusion:
This study provides baseline information on knowledge and attitudes towards tuberculosis for people with and without TB in the new health district of Baskuy in Burkina Faso. The researchers believe when people do not have enough knowledge about the disease that could bring potential barriers to control TB. Hence, we suggest offering health care provider’s information about the knowledge and attitudes of TB for the residents living in the Baskuy health district.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude, people with TB, people without TB, Burkina Faso.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I Introduction
1
1.1. Background of problem 1
1.2. Purpose of the study 5
1.3. Research questions 5
1.4. Definition of variables 6

Chapter II Review of the Literature

8
2.1. Introduction of TB 8
2.2. Studies related to Knowledge and Attitude of TB 13
2.3. Factors influencing Knowledge and Attitude of TB 15

Chapter III Research Method

23
3.1. Research design 23
3.2. Research setting 23
3.3. Sampling 25
3.4. Research instrument 26
3.5. Data collection 27
3.6. Data analysis 28
3.7. Ethical consideration 29
3.8. Summary 29



Chapter IV Result



30
4.1. Characteristics of the sample study 30
4.2. Differences in the knowledge and attitude of TB between people with and without TB 34
4.3. The relationship between demographic variables and knowledge and attitude towards TB and between knowledge and attitude 35
4.4. Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people with TB 36
4.5. Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people without TB 37
4.6. Difference in knowledge of TB and attitude towards by demographic feature 37
4.7. Difference in Knowledge and Attitude by demographic feature for a group of people with TB 39
4.8. Difference in Knowledge and Attitude by demographic feature for a group of people without TB 40

CHAPTER V Discussion

43
5.1. Demographic and general characteristics comparing people with and without TB 43
5.2. Differences in the knowledge and attitude of TB between people with and without TB 45
5.3. The relationship among demographic variables, knowledge and attitude toward TB 51
5.4. Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people with TB 51
5.5. Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people without TB 52
5.6. Difference in knowledge of TB and attitude towards by demographic feature 52

CHAPTER VI Study Limitation, implications, Conclusion and Recommendations

57
6.1. Study limitation 57
6.2. Conclusion 57
6.3. Implications for Clinical Practice. 59
6.4. Recommendation 60
6.5. Further research 61
References
62
Appendix
73

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Demographic and general characteristics comparing people with and without TB. 33
Table 2 Differences in the knowledge and attitude of TB between people with and without TB 35
Table 3 Relationship between age, knowledge and attitude (N=138) 36
Table 4 Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people with TB (N=69) 36
Table 5 Relationship between age and knowledge and attitude of people without TB 37
Table 6 Difference in knowledge and attitude about TB towards by demographic feature 38
Table 7 Difference in Knowledge and Attitude by demographic feature for a group of people with TB 40
Table 8 Difference in Knowledge and Attitude by demographic feature for a group of people without TB 42


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 Conceptual framework 22
Figure 2 City of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 24
Figure 3 Baskuy Health District 25

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