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研究生:郭暐頎
研究生(外文):Wei-Chi Kuo
論文名稱:六週Wii Fit®平衡遊戲訓練對聽障兒童平衡能力的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Six-Week Wii Fit® Game of Balance Training on The Balance Ability of Children with Hearing Impairment
指導教授:許太彥許太彥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tai-Yen Hsu
口試委員:許太彥張志凌吳柱龍
口試委員(外文):Tai-Yen HsuChih-Lin ChangChu-Lung Wu
口試日期:2011-06-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:聽障兒童Wii Fit平衡遊戲訓練平衡能力
外文關鍵詞:Children with Hearing ImpairmentWii FitGame of Balance TrainingBalance Ability
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背景與目的:聽障兒童因為內耳受到損傷或發育不全因而造成平衡能力不佳,而平衡能力是人體在日常生活中維持自身穩定性的能力,人體在行動及進行日常生活過程中,均需要依賴平衡功能來維持良好的姿勢與穩定性,平衡能力不好,將會影響生活與學習的品質,故本研究的目的在探討六週Wii Fit平衡遊戲訓練對聽障兒童靜態及動態平衡能力之影響。方法:本研究以臺中地區14名聽障兒童及7名無聽力損失的一般正常兒童為研究對象,將聽障兒童分為實驗組7名、正常活動組7名,一般正常兒童則為對照組7名,實驗組進行每週3次、每次45分鐘、共6週的Wii Fit平衡遊戲訓練;正常活動組與對照組的兒童則照平日日常生活作息。實驗利用測力板及薄型力量感測片測量這兩組受試者的左腳與右腳閉眼單足站立平衡能力、計時起立-走測驗的時間,再使用BTS Bioengineering - Sway軟體擷取受試者平衡控制特徵的參數。資料經過分析處理之後,以無母數統計法之魏克遜符號等級考驗(Wilcoxon檢定)及無母數統計法之克-瓦二氏單因子變異數等級分析(H檢定),進行比較前、後測的結果與組別之間的差異。結果:各項數據中顯示,實驗組在前、後測的比較,與組間相比,其左、右腳閉眼單足站立時間、計時起立-走時間,皆達顯著差異(p< .05),所有的數據皆顯示出有進步的效果。結論:Wii Fit平衡遊戲訓練能有效地提升聽障兒童的身體平衡能力,孩子在訓練的過程中不僅充滿趣味性,也很安全,是一項值得推廣的運動。
Background and purpose: As a result of the impairment of their inner ears or premature growth, the capability of balance for children who are hard of hearing is malfunctional. However, the capability of balance is essential for the human body to maintain its own stability in our daily life. A poor ability of balance will affect our everyday life as well as the quality of learning. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effect of a six-week Wii Fit game of balance training on the static and dynamic ability of balance for hearing-impaired children. Methodology: The subjects of this study were 14 hearing-impaired children and 7 normal, unimpaired children. The hearing-impaired ones were further divided into 7 experimental-group children and 7 regular-activity children, whereas the normal-hearing ones were divided into 7 control-group children. With the experimental group, the Wii Fit game of balance training was conducted 3 times per week, 45 minutes per session for 6 weeks. The regular-activity group and the control group ones just lived their lives the way they normally did with their regular routines. This experiment utilized a force plate and thin sensor strip to measure the SLECLL(Single-leg Eyes Closed Left Leg) and the SLECRL(Single-leg Eyes Closed Right Leg) balance abilities of these three groups’ subjects, as well as to time the test of “timed up-and-go” Afterwards, the BTS Bioengineering-Sway software was used to gather the parameters of the subjects’ characteristics of balance control. After the data were analyzed and processed, the Wilcoxon signed ranks test of nonparametric statistics and the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance ranks(H-test) of nonparametric statistics were undergone to compare the data of the pre-test and the post-test, as well as to compare the variations among the groups. Results: The collected data indicate that, with the comparison of the pre-test and the post-test between the experimental group and the control group, the time of the SLECLL and of the SLECRL, as well as the time of the “timed up-and-go”, have both reached a remarkable variation of p< .05. Of all the collected data, a significant progress has shown. Conclusion: The Wii Fit game of balance training can effectively enhance the ability of body balance for the hearing-impaired children. During the process of the training, it’s not only fun-filled but also safe, so this is a highly recommended exercise.
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究範圍 4
第四節 研究限制 5
第五節 名詞解釋 6
第貳章 文獻探討 8
第一節 聽障兒童的平衡能力 8
第二節 平衡能力的測量 17
第三節 運動訓練對平衡能力的影響 21
第四節 Wii遊戲機運用的相關研究 23
第五節 文獻探討總結 24
第參章 研究方法與步驟 26
第一節 研究對象 26
第二節 實驗日期與地點 27
第三節 實驗器材與設備 28
第四節 實驗場地佈置 29
第五節 實驗步驟 31
第六節 實驗流程圖 36
第七節 資料處理與分析 37
第肆章 結果與討論 38
第一節 受試者基本資料 38
第二節 各組前測之組間比較 39
第三節 各組前、後測之測驗結果比較 43
第四節 各組前、後測差值之組間比較 54
第五節 總結 58
第伍章 結論與建議 59
第一節 結論 59
第二節 建議 60
參考文獻 61
一、中文部分 61
二、西文部分 63
附錄 66
受試者各項測量原始數據 66
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