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研究生(外文):Chen Chi-Chen
論文名稱(外文):Development of the imagination test in university student
指導教授(外文):Shih Ching-LinYang Chih-Chien
口試委員(外文):Cheng Ying-YaoLin Yuan-HorngChen Cheng-Te
外文關鍵詞:ImaginationItem Response TheoryMany-Facet ModelRater Effect
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本研究的目的在於編製設計類科大學生的想像力測驗。在理論基礎部分,除了托倫斯於1966年以吉爾福德的理論為基礎發展了目前使用最廣的創造力測驗TTCT(Torrance Test of Creative Thinking )外,本研究亦採用維高斯基的理論,認為想像力除了創新的能力外,亦包含了與現實的結合。此外,評定想像力的方式有許多種,研究者與以往多數文獻同樣採用作品評定法來針對想像力進行測驗。然而這個方法的缺點是評分者的主觀性可能會影響測驗的品質,因此本研究採用試題反應理論中的多面向模式與評分者效果來進行評估。題目的編製標準是以維高斯基想像力與現實的四個結合規則為基礎,讓受評者對這些題目進行作品的產出。研究者並根據吉爾福德、維高斯基等學者的理論整合出五個指標進行評分。研究結果顯示評分者在測驗中的確扮演著不可忽視的角色,然而在本研究中儘管評分者佔有重要的角色,但是不同評分者之間的差異較小,顯示本測驗在評分者效果上控制的不錯。然而在各估計值中,Model-Data Fit 較差,研究者認為是樣本數過小所引起,此為本研究之限制。
This study develops an assessment of imagination for university student based on Torrance’s (1966) and Vygotsky’s (1978) theory. Torrance (1966) developed the test of creative thinking (i.e. TTCT) based on the divergent thinking proposed by Guilford, and Vygotsky (1978) which stated that the imagination is the ability of linking to the fact instead of innovation. The measure for imagination used in this study is the “judgment of products”, which has been adapted for a long time but also known for its serious drawback of subjectivity and the subject may affect test the merits of quality. In order to exclude the difference between rater’s subjectivity and the effect of the subject from this measure and explore for possible interactions, many-facet model (MFM) in item response theory (IRT) is introduced to analyze our data. Our preliminary result shows that difference between rater’s subjectivity is non-ignorable. However, despite the rater effect in this study who played an important role, but the differences between the raters are minimum, indicate that the test well-controlled in this regard. The model-data fit is not as well as expected, the researchers believe is caused by the small sample size, it’s also the limitation of this study.
致謝 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 IV
表目錄 V
圖目錄 V
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 2
第三節、名詞定義與名詞解釋 3
第二章、文獻探討 4
第一節、想像力 4
第二節、想像力的測量 7
第三節、試題反應理論 10
第三章、研究方法 13
第一節、研究流程 13
第二節、題目編製與評分標準 14
第三節、研究工具與結果分析 16
第四章、研究結果 18
第一節、樣本描述 18
第二節、試題反應理論之多面向模式分析結果 19
第三節、試題反應理論之受試者能力分析結果 20
第四節、試題反應理論之測驗訊息函數 21
第五章、討論與限制 23
第一節、結果討論 23
第二節、研究限制與未來展望 26
參考文獻 28

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