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研究生:劉信旺
論文名稱:新竹科學園區排放水中揮發性有機物分析方法之開發
論文名稱(外文):Methodologies development for the monitoring of VOCs in the wastewater from Hsinchu Science Park
指導教授:羅俊光羅俊光引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:生醫工程與環境科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:生醫工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:191
中文關鍵詞:科學園區揮發性有機物即時監測吹氣捕捉固相微萃取
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本研究分為兩大部分,第一部份主要是建立新竹園區工業廢水中揮發性有機物(VOCs)的分析方法,以雙系統併行的方式-吹氣捕捉(P&T)/GC/MS系統與固相微萃取(SPME)/GC/FID系統,最多可分析定量84種非極性VOCs,與8種極性VOCs。兩系統檢量線的精密度都低於15%,準確度都介於70-130%,方法偵測極限都在μg/L等級。在實測方面,針對園區內廠商污水放流口及園區周圍地區進行一年四季採樣分析,結果顯示不同產業別廠商排放污水中所測得VOC種類會有差異,在住宅區附近測點有測得引起臭味問題的VOC物種,如DMS、DMSO、PGMEA等,而在雨水排放口仍有測得相當濃度的VOC,顯示有園區廠商刻意違法排放污水或是其污水排放管路溢漏所造成。此外使用商業化自動採樣器於園區汙水處理廠放流口進行24小時連續採樣分析,結果顯示總VOC濃度高點出現時間並不存在一定的規律性。
第二部分是針對園區廢水中VOCs建立一套可用於採樣現場的自動化即時連續監測分析系統,此系統完全自動採樣與進樣、自動化分析,能有效縮短分析時間且可取得長時間連續即時的分析結果並節省現場採樣所耗費的人力資源。此系統可同時分析水中17種園區常見的VOCs。此系統檢量線的精密度低於15%,準確度介於80-130%,MDL則介於0.32到9.07μg/L。在污水處理廠放流口進行兩次長時間現場監測分析中,可看出VOC濃度高點出現時間並不一致;丙酮(Acetone)在兩次監測中的分析物種總濃度都佔有最高比例,而兩次監測結果也證實了本系統在現場連續監測應用上的可行性。

第一章 緒論................................................1
1-1 研究緣起...............................................1
1-2 研究方法...............................................3
第二章 文獻回顧............................................8
2-1 環境樣品前處理技術.....................................8
2-2 吹氣捕捉(Purge & Trap, P&T)方法........................8
2-2.1 吹氣捕捉方法之原理..................................10
2-2.2 影響吹氣捕捉方法之操作參數..........................12
2-2.3 捕集管內固體吸附劑的選擇............................15
2-2.4 自動化吹氣捕捉技術之發展與應用......................17
2-3 固相微萃取 (solid phase microextraction,SPME)方法....18
第三章 科學園區周圍水體中揮發性有機物(VOCs)之偵測.........21
3-1 自動化吹氣捕捉/氣相層析質譜儀系統說明.................22
3-1.1實驗設備與藥品.......................................23
3-1.2分析數據確保.........................................24
3-1.3自動化P&T/GC/MS系統參數探討與測試....................30
3-2 固相微萃取/氣相層析儀系統說明.........................33
3-3 真實樣品採樣規劃......................................36
3-3.1 採樣規劃............................................36
3-4 結果與討論............................................43
3-4.1 Archon自動進樣系統..................................43
3-4.2吹氣捕捉/氣相層析質譜儀系統..........................47
3-4.3 SPME/GC/FID系統.....................................67
3-4.4真實樣品分析.........................................69
3-4.5健康風險評估........................................104
3-5 結論.................................................110
第四章 水體中揮發性有機物(VOCs)即時監測系統之建立........114
4-1 前言.................................................114
4-2 自動化即時連續監測吹氣捕捉/氣相層析系統說明..........115
4-2.1實驗設備與藥品......................................118
4-2.2分析數據確保項目....................................123
4-2.3自動化連續監測P&T/GC/FID系統參數探討與測試..........125
4-3 真實樣品採樣規劃.....................................128
4-3.1 污水處理廠現場自動化連續監測規劃...................129
4-4 結果與討論...........................................130
4-4.1 現場自動化即時連續監測吹氣捕捉/氣相層析系統........130
4-4.2 P&T/GC/FID系統....................................137
4-4.3 真實樣品分析.......................................151
4-4.3.1 現場自動化及時連續監測吹氣捕捉/氣相層析系統整體評估.......................................................151
4-4.3.2 現場自動化即時連續監測吹氣捕捉/氣相層析系統現場實測結果與討論...............................................151
4-5 結論.................................................175
第五章 總結..............................................177
參考文獻.................................................180
附錄.....................................................185












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