(3.232.129.123) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/06 01:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:郭虹伶
論文名稱:超越異己:潛在性關係與魯西迪《佛羅倫斯女巫》
論文名稱(外文):Beyond Difference: Potential Relationality and Salman Rushdie's The Enchantress of Florence
指導教授:陳春燕陳春燕引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:魯西迪潛在共同性潛在關係性海德格史碧娃克
外文關鍵詞:Salman Rushdiepossible commonalitypotential relationalityMartin HeideggerGayatri Chakravorty Spivak
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:352
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
當薩爾曼‧魯西迪面對東西相遇的傳統議題,他並未強調大相逕庭的文化差異,而是極力展現人類之共同性。魯西迪在作品中安排多組東西方間的倒映與回聲,以突顯出一個訊息:我們之間同大於異。由於魯西迪的《佛羅倫斯女巫》中暗藏這個訊息,若只是將魯西迪作品視為一種對於跨國語境之混合文化認同的讚頌,並無法呈現其作品的全貌。本論文不進行差異的探討,旨在尋找《佛羅倫斯女巫》中的潛在關係性。本文中的潛在關係性係指構築在人類潛在之共同性上的一種關聯。潛在性關係不受制於任何既定的身分認同系統,而是建立在人類之共通點上面。本研究援引海德格與史碧娃克之論點來探討潛在性關係。

本論文分為四個章節。第一章回顧身分認同與認同政治在跨國情境下的演變,綜觀關於身分認同的既有文獻後,發現認同政治和其運用仍有不足之處。此外,本章節回顧近代針對世界主義的討論,發現在現存國家框架下的現代之世界主義仍有其侷限。第二章採用史碧娃克的倫理觀來解析《佛羅倫斯女巫》。史碧娃克將「他者」(the other)重新命名為「他性」(alterity),不以全球化來作概括的論述,而是將地球視為歸屬於另一體系的行星。即地球是人類的他性,而人類也亦是居住於其中的他性。他性透露出個體的不可理解性。若要逼近不可理解的他性則需運用想像。為了豐富史碧娃克的倫理思考並發掘人類之共同性,本章節亦採用海德格的本體論思考。海德格提出人與存有會「互相汲取」,本論文以此論點作為討論個體之潛在性關係的模式。第三章以倫理觀點審視《佛羅倫斯女巫》,企圖超脫認同政治。魯西迪不拘泥於差異,提倡要回溯到人的共同性,來找出個體之潛在性關係。本論文檢視依據書中的倒映和回聲、書中角色與蒙兒兀帝國之間的各種潛在性關係,發現魯西迪企圖要在其小說世界構築潛在性關係。第四章歸納先三章的論點並作出結論。本研究顯示《佛羅倫斯女巫》中的倒映與回聲並非純屬巧合,而是展現人類之共同性的力證。本章節亦為將來有關《佛羅倫斯女巫》和星球性的相關研究提出建議。

Dealing with an age-old issue of the East meeting the West, Salman Rushdie does not intensify incommensurable cultural differences but endeavors to display possible commonality of man. Juxtaposing pairs of mirrorings and echoes between the East and the West, he attempts to accentuate one message. That is, we are actually more similar to each other than we are different from each other. Discovering this hidden message in The Enchantress of Florence , I find it insufficient to read Rushdie’s work merely as a celebration of hybrid cultural identity in the transnational context. To depart from the discussion of difference, this thesis tries to find out potential relationality. By potential relationality, I refer to a possible connection based on potential commonality shared by us. This relationality is not subjected to any pre-determined identity unity, but is built upon a common feature shared by man. In this thesis, I draw on both Spivak’s and Heidegger’s threads of thinking to formulate my idea of potential relationality.

This thesis is composed of four chapters. In the first chapter I review the transformation of identity and identity politics in the transnational context. From previous discussions of identity, I find limitations of identity politics and its use of politics of difference. I also review contemporary discussions of cosmopolitanism and find that the modern sense of cosmopolitanism still finds its limits within the existing national frameworks. In the second chapter, I adopt Spivak’s ethical theoretical approach to read this novel. Spivak re-names the other as “alterity” and sees the earth as a planet belonging to another system other than globalization. That is, the planet is an alterity to us and we are also alterities living on this planet. Alterity indicates the opacity of an individual. To approach the impenetrable other, we need to exercise imagination to imagine alterity. To enrich Spivak’s ethical thinking and to find out possible commonality shared by us, I also turn to Heidegger’s ontological thinking. His idea of mutual appropriation between man and Being serves as a model of potential relationality between individuals. To depart from the vein of identity politics, I read the novel from this ethical perspective in the third chapter. Instead of focusing on difference, Rushdie proposes that we go back to the commonality to look for possible relationality among individuals. And I argue that from all the mirroring and echoes, he intends to build up a potential relationality in his fictional world. I also examine each type of the possible relationality among the fictional characters and the “Mughal empire.” The fourth chapter sums up my arguments discussed previously and I conclude that the mirroring and echoes are no coincidence but the evidence of the shared commonality of man. Besides, I also enumerate some possible perspectives for further study of Rushdie’s Enchantress and Spivak’s idea of planetarity.

Chinese Abstract
English Abstract
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Chapter One: Introduction: Beyond Difference 1
I.Identity, Identity Politics, and the Limitations of Difference 8
II. Critical Cosmopolitanism 14
III. Theoretical Approach 18
IV. Enchanting Relationality in the Novel 20
V. Chapter Outline 25
Chapter Two: Potential Relationality 28
I. Martin Heidegger’s Critique of Metaphysics 30
II. In Place of Identity—Collectivities in Planetarity 37
III. Potential Relationality 41
Chapter Three: Who is the Enchantress of Florence? 44
I. Heidegger’s and Spivak’s Theoretical Frameworks 46
II. Likeness is the Curse of Human Race? 49
III. Developing Potential Relationality 53
IV. Relationality Beyond Difference 58
V. Relationality of Love 64
VI. Water as the Real Monarch 67
Chapter Four: Conclusion: A Planet-based Relationality 70
Works Cited 75

Works Cited
Ahmad, Aijaz. “Jameson’s Rhetoric of Otherness and the ‘National Allegory.’” Social Text 17 (1987): 3-25.
BBC. “Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s).” BBC Religions. 7 Sep. 2009. 23 Dec. 2010. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/mughalempire_1.shtml>.
Brennan, Timothy. “Cosmopolitans and Celebrities.” Race & Class 31.1 (1989): 1-19.
British Council Arts. “Contemporary Writers: Salman Rushdie.” British Council Literature. 2008. British Council. 8 Feb. 2011. <http://www.contemporarywriters.com/authors/?p=auth87>.
Chatterjee, Partha. “Beyond the Nation? Or Within?” Social Text 16.3 (1998): 57-69.
Chauhan, Pradyumna S. “Introduction.” Salman Rushdie Interviews: A Sourcebook of His Ideas. Ed. Pradyumna S. Chauhan. London: Greenwood, 2001. xvii-xx.
Cheah, Pheng. “What Is a World? On World Literature as World-making Activity.” Daedalus 137.3 (2008): 26-38.
Dascălu, Cristina Emanuela. Imaginary Homelands of Writers in Exile: Salman Rushdie, Bharati Mukherjee, and V. S. Naipaul. New York: Cambria, 2007.
“Dazzled by Its Own Reflection.” The Times. 12 Apr. 2008. 21 Oct. 2010. <http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainmenment/books/fiction/
article3728200.ece>.
Derrida, Jacques. “On Cosmopolitanism.” On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. Trans. Mark Dooley. London: Routledge, 2001. 1-24.
Du Gay, Paul, Jessica Evans, and Peter Redman. General Introduction. Identity: A Reader. Ed. Paul du Gay, Jessica Evans, and Peter Redman. London: Sage, 2000. 1-5.
“Exclusive Interview with Salman Rushdie.” The Times. 4 Apr. 2008. 21 Oct. 2010. <http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/ article3681048.ece>.
George, Rosemary Marangoly. “The Cosmopolitan Club.” Novel 25.1 (1991): 103-05.
Gikandi, Simon. “Globalization and Claims of Postcoloniality.” The South Atlantic Quarterly 100.3 (2001): 627-58.
Haffenden, John. “Salman Rushdie.” Novelists in Interview. London: Methuen, 1985. 231-61.
Hall, Stuart. “Who Needs ‘Identity’”? Identity: A Reader. Ed. Paul du Gay, Jessica Evans, and Peter Redman. London: Sage, 2000. 15-30.
---. “The Local and the Global: Globalization and Ethnicity.” Cultural, Globalization and the World-System. Ed. Anthony D. King. London: MacMillan 1991. 19-40.
Hassumani, Sabrina. “Introduction.” Salman Rushdie: A Postmodern Reading of His Major Works. New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2002. 13-30.
Heidegger, Martin. “Letter on Humanism.” Basic Writings: From Being and Time (1927) to The Task of Thinking (1964). Ed. David Farrell Krell. London: Routledge, 1993. 217-65.
---. Identity and Difference. Trans. & Intro. Joan Stambaugh. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.
---. “Building Dwelling Thinking.” Poetry, Language, Thought. Trans. Albert Hofstadter. New York: Harper & Row 1971. 145-61.
Heyes, Cressida. “Identity Politics.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Ed. Edward N. Zalta. 2009 ed. Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University. 2 Nov. 2007. 24 Jun. 2010 <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/identity-politics/>.
“Idem.” The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.
“Identity.” The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.
Inwood, Michael. A Heidegger Dictionary. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
Jameson, Fredric. “Third-World Literature in the Era of Multinational Capitalism.” Social Text 15 (1986): 65-88.
Kemp, Peter. “The Enchantress of Florence by Salman Rushdie.” The Sunday Times. 30 Mar. 2008. 21 Oct. 2010. <http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/fiction/article3627640.ece>.
Krell, David Farrell, ed. Basic Writings: From Being and Time (1927) to The Task of Thinking (1964). By Martin Heidegger. London: Routledge, 1993.
Llosa, Alvaro Vargas. “The Last Sigh of Diversity.” Salman Rushdie Interviews: A Sourcebook of His Ideas. Ed. Pradyumna S. Chauhan. London: Greenwood, 2001. 209-12.
Marshall, Gordon. “Identity.” A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998. Encyclopedia.com. 25 Dec. 2010. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-identity.html>.
Miyoshi, Masao. “Turn to the Planet: Literature, Diversity, and Totality.” Comparative Litearture 53.4 (2001): 283-97.
Neuman, Justin. “The Fictive Origins of Secular Humanity.” Criticism 50.4 (2008): 675-82.
Nussbaum, Martha C. “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism.” For Love of Country? In a New Democracy Forum on the Limits of Patriotism. Boston: Beacon, 1996. 3-17.
Pevere, Geoff. “On the Bones of Crushed Ideals.” Toronto Star. 20 Apr. 2008. 23 Oct. 2010. <http://www.thestar.com/>.
Pollock, Sheldon, et al. “Cosmopolitanisms.” Public Culture 12.3 (2000): 577-89.
Robbins, Bruce. “Introduction Part I: Actually Existing Cosmopolitanism.” Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation. Ed. Peng Cheah and Bruce Robbins. Minneapolis: U of Minnestoa P, 1998. 1-19.
Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991. London: Granta Books, 1991.
---. “Introduction.” Mirrorwork: 50 Years of Indian Writing 1947-1997. Ed. Salman Rushdie and Elizabeth West. New York: Henry Holt, 1997. vii-xx.
---. “‘No Nudge-nudge, Wink-winks.’” Interview by Indrajit Hazra. Hindustan Times. 13 Apr. 2009. 12 Jan. 2011. <http://www.hindustantimes.com/No-nudge-nudge-wink-winks/Article1-304168.aspx>.
---. “Provoking People Is in My DNA.” Interview by John Preston. The Telegraph. 29 Dec. 2008. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/4015303/Salman-Rushdie-provoking-people-is-in-my-DNA.html>.
---. “Rushdie Cooks Up ‘Rich Stew’ of a Novel.” Interview by Caroline Berson. The Philadelphia Inquirer. 26 Jun. 2008. 31 Aug. 2008. <http://article.wn.com/view/2008/06/26/Rushdie_cooks_up_rich_stew_of_a_novel/>.
---. “Rushdie’s Latest Novel Blurs Imagination, History.” Interview by Robert Siegel. NPR. 27 May 2008. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90851280>.
---. “Step Across This Line.” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values. Tanner Humanities Center, University of Utah. Yale University. 25-26 Feb. 2002. 8 Oct. 2010. <http://www.tannerlectures.utah.edu/lectures/documents/volume24/rushdie_2002.pdf>.
---. The Enchantress of Florence. New York: Random House, 2008.
Sanga, Jaina C. Salman Rushdie’s Postcolonial Metaphors: Migration, Translation, Hybridity, Blasphemy, and Globalization. Westport: Greenwood, 2001.
See, Tony. Community without Identity: The Ontology and Politics of Heidegger. New York: Dresden, 2009.
“Secular Humanism.” The Titi Tudorancea Bulletin. The Titi Tudorancea Media Network. 18 Sep. 2010. 30 Nov. 2010. <http:www.tititudorancea.com/z/secular_humanism.htm>.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Death of a Discipline. New York: Columbia UP, 2003.
---. “Position without Identity: An Interview with Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.” Interview by Yan Hairong. Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique 15.2 (2007): 429-48.
---. “Rhetoric and Cultural Explanation: A Discussion with Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.” Interview by Phillip Sipiora and Janet Atwill. JAC 10.2 (1990). <http://www.jacweb.org/Archived_volumes/Text_articles/
V10_I2_SipioraAtwillSpivak.htm>.
---. “Teaching for the Times.” The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 25.1 (1992): 3-22.
Srilata, K. “Magical World of Mirrors.” The Hindu Literary Review. 4 May 2008. 21 Oct. 2010. <http://www.hindu.com/lr/2008/05/04/stories/2008050450020100.htm>.
Stambaugh, Joan. Introduction. Identity and Difference. Martin Heidegger. Trans. Joan Stambaugh. New York: Harper & Row, 1969. 7-18.
Su Wenling. “Bijiao wenxue li de ‘bijiao’ yu ‘wenxue: huiying Sipiwake de Xueke zhi si’” [The “comparison” and the “literature” in “comparative literature”: a response to Spivak’s Death of a Discipline]. Zhongguo bijiao wenxue 75.2 (2009). 29 May 2010. 6 Oct. 2010. <http://www.qqwwr.com/staticpages/20100529/qqwwr4c00d03d-596125.shtml >.
Vertovec, Steven, and Robin Cohen. “Introduction: Conceiving Cosmopolitanism.” Conceiving Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Context, and Practice. Ed. Steven Vertovec and Robin Cohen. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. 1-22.
Walkowitz, Rebecca L. “Introduction: Critical Cosmopolitanism and Modernist Narrative.” Cosmopolitan Style: Modernism Beyond the Nation. New York: Columbia UP, 2006. 1-32.
White, David A. “Heidegger on Sameness and Difference.” The Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 11.3 (1980): 107-125. Philosophy Documentation Center. 4 Oct. 2010 ed. American Philosophical Association. 9 Oct. 2010. <http://secure.pdcnet.org/C12573EC00305125/file/9D829894C2E27D8585257486006B4920/$FILE/swjphil_1980_0011_0003_0107_0125.pdf >.
Wilhelmus, Tom. “Ah, England.” The Hudson Review. 59.2 (2006): 345-51.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔