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研究生:陳香如
研究生(外文):Hsiang-ju Chen
論文名稱:高功能自閉症幼兒心智理論與親子心智言談
論文名稱(外文):Theory of Mind and Maternal Mental Discorse in High Fuctional Autism Children
指導教授:張鑑如張鑑如引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:人類發展與家庭學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:幼兒高功能自閉症心智理論親子共讀心智言談
外文關鍵詞:KindergartenerHigh functional autismTheory of mindJoint book readingMental States
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  • 下載下載:72
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:8
學齡前階段是幼兒社會互動能力快速發展的時期,然而擁有趨近或甚至於超過一般幼兒智商的高功能自閉症幼兒,卻在社會互動溝通的環節上產生障礙。過去許多研究指出心智理論的缺陷是造成自閉症兒童在社會互動溝通上產生障礙的可能主因。有鑑於此,那麼最親近高功能自閉症幼兒的母親們該如何協助他們在心智理論的發展。本研究的研究對象以四歲至六歲半的二十位高功能自閉症幼兒為實驗組、二十位一般幼兒為對照組。運用心智理論量表來了解高功能自閉症幼兒和一般幼兒心智理論發展的差異,以及透過母親和幼兒共同閱讀圖畫故事書探討親子心智言談的方式,並且進一步探究兩組幼兒心智理論的發展與親子心智言談的相關性。本研究主要發現有三:

一、在生理、心理年齡相當下,高功能自閉症幼兒在心智理論測驗得
分和一般幼兒相比明顯較低。
二、在親子共讀語句長度相當下,高功能自閉症組心智言談方式在次
數以及頻率方面較一般組明顯較低。
三、高功能自閉症組和一般組幼兒在心智理論測驗表現和親子心智言
談都達到高度相關性。

綜合以上所述,根據本研究結果可以進一步討論如何透過提升親子共讀的品質來協助高功能自閉症幼兒心智理論的發展。
Preschool age is the critical time for children to improve the quality of social interaction. Even though children with high functioning autism, in general, have higher intelligence, they still have difficulties in social interaction. Many previous researches have indicated that the reason why high-functioning autism children are facing this obstacle primarily lies in lack of competence of theory-of-mind. How to build up the children’s theory of mind would be a challenge of their mothers. The purpose of this research is to find out whether there is a correlation between the children’s performance in theory-of-mind test and mothers’ talk on mental states or not.

Forty kindergarteners have participated in this research which includes twenty autism children and twenty normal children. The groups of children were requested to take the test on theory of mind, and then to read a storybook with their mothers. The results as follows:

1. The children with high-functional scored significantly lower than normal groups on the theory of mind test.
2. With the same amount of utterances, the counting numbers and frequencies of high-functional group’s mental states are both lower than normal group.
3. The correlations between children’s theory-of-mind test scores and mothers’ talk on mental states are high in both groups.

Based on the results, the researcher discussed how to promote mental states in joint book reading to help children with high-functioning autism to develop the ability of theory-of-mind.
摘要 i
謝誌 iii
目錄 v
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的與問題 6
第三節 名詞定義 7
第二章 文獻探討 10
第一節 幼兒的心智理論能力 10
第二節 親子心智言談 21
第三節 高功能自閉症心智理論與親子心智言談 32
第三章 研究方法 40
第一節 研究架構 40
第二節 研究對象 41
第三節 研究程序 44
第四節 研究工具 46
第五節 資料處理與統計分析 52
第四章 研究結果與討論 56
第一節 幼兒的心智理論能力 56
第二節 母親在親子共讀中心智言談的方式 59
第三節 母親心智言談與幼兒在心智理論表現的相關性 68
第五章 研究結論與建議 74
第一節 研究結論 74
第二節 研究限制與建議 77
參考書目 79
中文文獻 79
英文文獻 81
附錄 88
附錄一 88
附錄二 89

圖次
圖一、描述「相信-欲求」推理的簡化架構 11
圖二、認知表徵的思考泡泡 19
圖三、ZPD可能發展區 23
圖四、研究架構 40
圖五、「高功能自閉症親子心智言談的探究」之研究程序 44

表次
表一、兒童心智理論發展 13
表二、Slaughter, Peterson & Mackintosh心智言談編碼分析 38
表三、兩組研究對象的月齡 42
表四、幼兒語言能力的表現 42
表五、幼兒的手足數 43
表六、母親的教育程度 43
表七、故事書中心智理論要素分析 47
表八、Wellman和Liu(2004)心智理論量表 49
表九、初步預試結果 51
表十、親子共讀中的心智言談分析 53
表十一 、幼兒心智理論測驗分數 56
表十二、幼兒心智理論測驗分數與背景資料的相關性 58
表十三、親子共讀的語句長度 59
表十四、母親心智言談的種類 60
表十五、故事主題維持度 62
表十六、母親心智言談的深度 63
表十七、親子心智言談品質 64
表十八、全體母親心智言談方式和幼兒心智理論測驗表現相關性 68
表十九、高功能自閉症組的相關性 69
表二十、一般組的相關性 71
表二十一、母親各類心智言談與幼兒心智理論測驗的相關性 72
表二十二、心智言談方式與心智理解測驗相關程度大小 73
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