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研究生:高士竣
研究生(外文):Kao Shih Chun
論文名稱:神經回饋訓練對高爾夫推桿表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of neurofeedback training on golf putting performance
指導教授:洪聰敏洪聰敏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung Tsung Min
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:神經回饋高爾夫推桿額中葉theta
外文關鍵詞:neurofeedbackgolf puttingfrontal midline theta
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目的:本研究目的在探討額中葉theta波 (Fmθ) 神經回饋訓練是否對高爾夫推桿表現以及心理狀態有正面的影響。根據Patrick 與 Hrycaiko (1998),單一受試者研究設計 (single - subject) 是應用性研究中一種較合適的研究方式,因此本研究將透過跨實驗參與者多基準線設計 (across - subjects multiple baselines) 來探討神經回饋訓練的效果。方法:三位優秀的男性高爾夫球選手皆須完成11次的10球推桿作為表現的依據。競賽心理狀態性焦慮量表、實驗信度與效度測量也會在神經回饋訓練前後分別施測。結果:三位參與者的推桿表現在神經回饋訓練後皆有改善,而且在主觀感受上都體驗到較高的專注以及控制感。在皮質活動上,所有參與者在推桿時的Fmθ以及其餘與較佳注意力狀態有關的腦波特徵都沒有明顯的改變,結論:神經回饋訓練確實是幫助運動員提升表現的有效途徑。然而,參與者推桿時的Fmθ功率以及其他皮質區活動在神經回饋訓練後卻無明顯改變,因此神經回饋訓練促進高爾夫推桿表現的機轉無法在本研究中被說明。未來的研究除了致力於找出神經回饋訓練促進運動表現之機轉外,將神經回饋訓練應用到實際的應用情境中也是可行的方向。
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether frontal midline theta (Fmθ) neurofeedback training (NFT) improves golf putting performance as well as self-reported measures of performance-related mental states. An idiographic, single-subject, multiple baselines, across-subjects design was employed. The rationale for such an approach was largely centered upon the work of Patrick and Hrycaiko (1998), who indicated that single-subject designs were the most appropriate methodology for applied research. Methods: The participants in this study were three male elite golfers who were asked to complete eleven sessions, ten putts per session, of putting performance. Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2), Social Validation Assessment, and Practical Assessment Questionnaire were assessed before and after NFT intervention for each participant. Results: The results showed that all three participants improved in their putting performance and experienced highly focused and self-control after NFT intervention. Fmθ and attention-related cortical signatures were not different before and after NFT. Conclusion: It may thus be deduced that NFT intervention benefits athletic performance. However, Fmθ and attention-related cortical activities were not changed after NFT intervention. Therefore, the mechanism of performance enhancement via NFT is still remained a question. Here suggests that future research of NFT should be devoted to the clarification of the underlying mechanism of the effect through NFT and the application of practical sport field.
口試委員與系主任簽字證書 i
授權書 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
謝誌 v
目次 vi
表次 ix
圖次 x
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 研究假設 6
第四節 操作性名詞定義解釋 7
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 專注力與運動表現 9
第二節 較佳精準運動表現中的腦波指標 12
第三節 神經回饋訓練與運動表現促進 16
第四節 單一受試者設計 19
第五節 文獻探討小結 22
第參章 研究方法與步驟 24
第一節 研究架構 24
第二節 實驗參與者 25
第三節 實驗時間與實驗地點 25
第四節 實驗儀器、工具及裝置過程 26
第五節 實驗流程 31
第六節 資料處理 34
第肆章 結果 37
第一節 實驗流程信度測量 37
第二節 推桿表現 37
第三節 腦波資料 40
第四節 競賽狀態性焦慮量表 53
第五節 實驗信度與社會效度測量 53
第六節 三位參與者結果之比較 54
第伍章 討論 55
第陸章 結論 58
第一節 本研究限制 58
第二節 未來建議 59
第三節 結語 60
參考文獻 61
附錄 70
附錄一 實驗參與者同意書 70
附錄二 實驗參與者基本資料 71
附錄三 成績記錄單 72
附錄四 神經回饋訓練檢核表 73
附錄五 競賽狀態焦慮量表 74
附錄六 社會效度問卷 75
附錄七 實驗信度問卷 76
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