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研究生:華祈峯
研究生(外文):Chi-Feng Hua
論文名稱:BIM自動化輔助節能設計與LEED EA Credit 1之初步整合系統建立
論文名稱(外文):Create a Prototype System for Application of BIM in Assisting Automatically Energy Design and LEED EA Credit 1
指導教授:陳柏翰陳柏翰引用關係
口試委員:張陸滿黃榮堯陳鴻銘
口試日期:2011-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:土木工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:建築資訊模型LEED建築能源消耗自動化
外文關鍵詞:BIM (Building Information Modeling)LEEDEnergy consumptionAutomation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:894
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
  近年來,世界各國越來越重視綠建築,其中節能設計為一大項目,目前,設計單位多是參考或套用現有的節能設計案例,但對其節能效果卻不甚了解。若要檢驗節能的效果,須透過建築耗能模擬軟體(如:eQUEST、energyplus、Ecotect等)來做科學化地模擬,但使用上過於麻煩且耗時,且往往需要一比較基準判定其優劣,或者為了取得國際綠建築認證LEED EA credit1這個項目的分數,又得花上時間將設計模型轉成基準模型。
  另一方面,BIM(Building Information Modeling)逐漸成熟發展,且國內外都有營建相關企業在使用,而本研究運用BIM(使用Autodesk Revit)去連結建築耗能模擬軟體(使用eQUEST),雖然市面上已有相關軟體提供BIM連接建築耗能模擬軟體之服務或軟體,如Green Building Studio(GBS)以及Ecotect,但因為認可的問題,這兩者目前來說不能得到LEED EA credit 1之分數。
  本研究運用BIM並配合程式語言及資料庫,開發一套雛型系統,該雛型系統由本研究設計之資料處理流程,以及自動化地運作,可讓使用者在做設計時即時得知設計方案的節能效果、LEED EA credit1可得到的分數,進而讓業主選擇適合方案。
  本研究再透過專家訪談,展示及操作雛型系統使專家藉以了解本研究的構想,並請專家評論若本系統開發完整是否實用,訪談結果認為若建築方案需要做節能設計或者取得LEED認證,此系統開發完整將可減少龐大的設計時間。


In recent years, green buildings have gradually attract attention in the world. Energy-saving design is a important item in it. At present, lots of designers refer to or make use of some existing energy-saving designs without knowing the actual effects of the designs. The level of energy-saving of a building design can be scientifically evaluated and simulated using energy simulation software (e.g., eQUEST energyplus, Ecotect, etc.),but use energy simulation software is a troublesome and time-consuming work. However, there is demands for creating a baseline to determine between good and bad, or getting LEED EA Credit 1 points, but it also is a troublesome and time-consuming work.
  The other hand, BIM(Building Information Modeling) gradually become maturity, and there is some construction-related companies use it whether in domestic or foreign. This research apply BIM(use Autodesk Revit) to connecting energy simulation software(use eQUEST), even though there is some software can apply BIM to connecting energy simulation software, like Green Building Studio(GBS) or Ecotect. Because some problems of agreement by the world, LEED EA credit 1 don''t accept the two software.
  This research apply BIM with programming language and database to develop a prototype system. This research design procedures for dealing all BIM''s data, let user can immediately realize the level of energy-saving and LEED EA Credit 1 points, and then provide building''s owner with choice of appropriate design.
  This research display and operate the prototype system in expert interviews, so expert can easily understand this research ''s idea, and then This research let expert comment "If the prototype system is completely developed, how about the practicability of the system?". The result is the system will reduce huge time of design while buildings need to determine between good and bad or get LEED certification.


第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 研究範圍與限制 4
1.4 研究方法與步驟 5
1.5 論文架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧-BIM應用與建築節能 8
2.1 BIM的相關應用情況 8
2.2 建築耗能軟體的相關應用情況 10
2.3 LEED認證的介紹與應用情況以及LEED EA Credit 1的簡介 11
第三章 BIM與建築耗能模擬軟體及其開發環境 19
3.1 BIM軟體-Autodesk Revit 19
3.1.1 RevitAPI介紹 20
3.2 建築耗能模擬軟體-eQUEST 22
3.2.1 eQUEST之inp檔 23
3.3 整合式開發環境-Visual Studio 2008 24
3.3.1 雛型系統特別導入之函式庫 25
第四章 自動化節能設計雛型系統開發 27
4.1 資料匯出並分類 29
4.2 各物件座標處理以及參數讀取 30
4.2.1 執行區間座標讀取與處理 32
4.2.2 執行物件屬性讀取與處理 37
4.3 eQUEST之inp檔格式製作 39
4.4 節能效率與LEED EA Credit 1分數計算 45
第五章 系統展示與專家評論 47
5.1 系統展示 47
5.2 專家評論 53
第六章 結論與建議 55
6.1 結論 55
6.2 建議 57
參考文獻 58



中文文獻
1.吳翌禎、謝尚賢 (2008). "4D營建管理系統之現況分析與發展趨勢." 營建管理季刊 第74期.
2.宋思賢 (2009). 應用圖型物件於施工管理之探討-以高科技廠房預鑄工法為例 國立台灣大學土木工程學系.
3.李冠文 (2009). "建構符合機電包商施工需求之 3D 繪圖元件模型之研究." 國立成功大學土木工程學系.
4.黃俊儒 (2006). 應用專案多維度模型建構以合約項目為基礎之自動排程模式. 國立成功大學.
5.樊啟勇 (2007). "IFC資料標準之結構物資訊擷取與建立." 國立交通大學土木工程學系.
6.于健, 張. (2008). "台灣綠建築之發展現況分析." 遠東學報第二十五卷第三期.
7.林憲德、黃國倉 (2004). "台灣TMY2標準氣象年之研究與應用." 建築物能源管理技術研討會,經濟部能源委員會.
8.蔡尤溪、李魁鵬、李文興 (2003). "建築空調與照明節能技術規範之研究."
9.蘇梓靖 (2009). "住宅耗能標示制度之研究." 國立成功大學建築研究所碩士論文.

英文文獻
1.Bansal, V. K. and M. Pal (2008). "Generating, Evaluating, and Visualizing Construction Schedule with Geographic Information Systems." Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 22(4): 233-242.
2.Chau, K. W., M. Anson, et al. (2005). "4D dynamic construction management and visualization software: 2. Site trial." Automation in Construction 14(4): 525-536.
3.Chau, K. W., M. Anson, et al. (2004). "Four-Dimensional Visualization of Construction Scheduling and Site Utilization." Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 130(4): 598-606.
4.Chau, K. W., M. Anson, et al. (2005). "4D dynamic construction management and visualization software: 1. Development." Automation in Construction 14(4): 512-524.
5.Fu, C., G. Aouad, et al. (2006). "IFC model viewer to support nD model application." Automation in Construction 15(2): 178-185.
6.Hartmann, T., J. Gao, et al. (2008). "Areas of Application for 3D and 4D Models on Construction Projects." Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 134(10): 776-785.
7.Jongeling, R. and T. Olofsson (2007). "A method for planning of work-flow by combined use of location-based scheduling and 4D CAD." Automation in Construction 16(2): 189-198.
8.Koo, B. and M. Fischer (2000). "Feasibility Study of 4D CAD in Commercial Construction." Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 126(4): 251-260.
9.ZENG Xu - dong , Z. A. (2006). "Study on the Application of Energy Efficiency Building Design Based on BIM Technology." College ofArchitecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, P. R. China.
10.Murmann, J. P. (2010). "Constructing Relational Databases to Study Life Histories on Your PC or Mac." Historical Methods 43(3): 109-123.
11.Crawley, D. B., J. W. Hand, et al. (2008). "Contrasting the capabilities of building energy performance simulation programs." Building and Environment 43(4): 661-673.
12.Moeck, M. and Y. J. Yoon (2004). "Green Buildings and Potential Electric Light Energy Savings." Journal of Architectural Engineering 10(4): 143-159.
13.Reinhart, C. F. and O. Walkenhorst (2001). "Validation of dynamic RADIANCE-based daylight simulations for a test office with external blinds." Energy and Buildings 33(7): 683-697.
14.Yoon, Y. J., M. Moeck, et al. (2008). "How Much Energy Do Different Toplighting Strategies Save?" Journal of Architectural Engineering 14(4): 101-110.
15.ASHREA (2007) ASHREA Standard 90.1
16.Autodesk http://usa.autodesk.com/
17.DOE-2 http://www.doe2.com/




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