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研究生:陳柏安
研究生(外文):Bo-An Chen
論文名稱:雙饋式感應風力發電機最大功率追蹤及損失最小化之解析法
論文名稱(外文):Analytical Approach to Maximum Power Tracking and Loss Minimization of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator
指導教授:許源浴許源浴引用關係
口試委員:楊金石陳偉倫廖聰明劉添華
口試日期:2011-06-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:電機工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:風力發電雙饋式感應發電機配電系統最大功率追蹤損失最小化最大功率輸出鐵損
外文關鍵詞:Wind energy generationdoubly-fed induction generatordistribution systemmaximum power trackingloss minimizationmaximum power outputcore loss
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:259
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本論文主要目的在研究雙饋式感應發電機的最大功率追蹤及損失之最小化,以達到發電機的最大功率輸出。在不忽略定子端電阻的前提下,本論文分別推導出兩種穩態等效電路(考慮鐵損及不考慮鐵損)電流控制命令的解析法。

首先,針對定子磁通導向控制進行分析,說明如何透過定子磁通導向達到解耦合控制,其次說明風機如何在不同風速的情況下達到最大功率追蹤,最後進行數學公式的推導,分別推導出考慮鐵損與否的情況下,讓風機運轉在最大功率追蹤點並達到損失之最小化的電流命令解析法。此外,進一步推導定子端功率、轉子端功率、銅損、鐵損及風機輸出功率的公式。最後,以一小型發電機為例,印證所推導的公式。

結果呈現方面,分成三個部分。第一部分在同時不考慮鐵損的情況下,本論文將推導出的解析法與先前文獻的搜尋法進行比較;第二部分則在皆為解析法的前提下,將考慮鐵損與否兩種情況下的解析法進行比較;第三部分則針對不同的定子端電壓,比較發電機運轉在次同步及超同步運轉點下實功與虛功輸出的差異。

Maximum power tracking and loss minimization of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) are studied in this thesis to yield maximum output power. Analytical solutions for rotor currents are derived for steady-state equivalent circuits with and without core loss. Stator resistance is considered in all the derivations.

Stator-flux orientated control is first introduced to achieve decoupled real and reactive power control. Then the way to achieve maximum power tracking under different wind speeds is described. Finally, analytical solutions for rotor currents to achieve both maximum power tracking and minimum loss are derived. Furthermore, detailed expressions for stator power, rotor power, copper loss, core loss and generator output power are derived. Finally, with a small generator as an example, computational results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of theoretical analysis.

Results for a DFIG without core loss from the proposed analytical approach and those from exhaustic search method in a former study are first compared. Then the results from the analytical approach with and without considering core loss are compared. Finally, the real and reactive output powers under different stator voltage are presented.

口試委員會審定書 i
致謝 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 1
1.3 研究方法與目的 2
1.4 論文內容介紹 3
第二章 基礎理論分析 5
2.1 前言 5
2.2 定子磁通導向控制 5
2.3 風力發電機最大功率追蹤 8
2.3.1 風機功率曲線 9
2.3.2 最大功率曲線 10
第三章 損失最小化之解析法求解 12
3.1 前言 12
3.2 穩態等效電路模型 12
3.3 解析法之推導 13
3.3.1 忽略鐵損之解析法推導 14
3.3.2 考慮鐵損之解析法推導 18
第四章 結果與分析 25
4.1 前言 25
4.2 系統描述 25
4.2.1 風機參數與雙饋式感應發電機參數 26
4.3 搜尋法與解析法比較 26
4.4 考慮鐵損與否之解析法比較 32
4.4.1 雙饋式感應發電機總輸出功率最大化之驗證 39
4.4.1.1 案例二與案例三之比較 40
4.4.1.2 案例一與案例三之比較 43
4.4.1.3 案例一、案例二與案例三之結果討論與分析 46
4.5 不同定子端電壓對雙饋式感應發電機運轉結果之影響 47
4.5.1 定子端電壓高於標么值百分之二點五 47
4.5.2 定子端電壓低於標么值百分之二點五 53
4.5.3 定子電壓變動對雙饋式感應發電機運轉之影響比較 59
第五章 結論 62
5.1 結論 62
5.2 未來研究方向 62
參考文獻 64
作者簡介 67

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