跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.86.95) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/20 07:18
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:楊德馨
研究生(外文):De-hsin Yang
論文名稱:科技多角化、組織剩餘對績效之影響:以智慧型手機產業為例
論文名稱(外文):Technological Diversification, Organizational Slack and Firm Performance: the case of smart phone industry in Taiwan
指導教授:陳一民陳一民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-min Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄大學
系所名稱:亞太工商管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:科技多角化組織剩餘公司績效智慧型手機產業台灣
外文關鍵詞:Technological diversificationOrganizational slackfirm performancesmart phone industryTaiwan
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:398
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:34
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在21世紀的第一個十年裡,在科技策略領域有許多發現支持,創新能力與科技多角化可作為企業維持競爭優勢的關鍵資源。也因為擁有創新對於企業競爭優勢的重要性日與俱增,學術界也對於公司科技多角化與績效間之關聯性抱持著極大的興趣。然而,先前的研究大多探討對於創新績效的影響,較少探討對於公司績效之影響。為了探討科技多角化與公司績效之間的關聯,本文以台灣智慧型手機產業作為實證之對象,並以權變之角度來探索科技多角化對於台灣智慧型手機廠商績效之影響,在不同策略定位—組織剩餘的情況下,而本研究依照學者先前之研究將組織剩餘分類為可吸收剩餘、不可吸收剩餘兩種種類。假說的實證結果也確認了科技多角化對於智慧型手機產業製造商之績效影響是顯著負向關聯的,在Tobin's q和MVA兩績效指標上為顯著,在ROA及EVA指標上則不顯著。此外,可吸收與不可吸收剩餘對於科技多角化及公司績效的調節作用上,在EVA和MVA指標上有顯著影響,但對於ROA和Tobin's q指標上為不顯著。這些發現指出台灣智慧型手機廠商在不同的科技多角化程度上,可以效用化其所擁有的不同類型之剩餘資源來強化其績效。根據不同種類的組織剩餘,本研究之結果也表示了不同組織剩餘對於績效之調節作用,也與本研究在組織理論及代理理論上之預測一致。
The first decade of the twenty-first century witnessed a significant increase in technology strategy research relating to innovation capacity and technological diversity recognized as the critical sources of competitive advantages among the firms. Owing to the increasing importance of innovations to the competitive advantages of the firms, scholars recently have paid attention to the relationship between corporate technological diversification and performance. However, many previous studies have been made on innovation performance rather than firm performance. Acknowledging the increasingly important role of Taiwanese smart phone sectors, this study follow the contingency approach to explore the impact of a strategic orientation toward corporate technological diversity on Taiwanese smart phone firms’ performance under the context of different organizational slack conditions, absorbed and unabsorbed slack resources. The results of hypothesis testing confirm the existence of a significant and negative relationship between technological diversification and firm performance in terms of Tobin’s q and MVA, but not of ROA and EVA. In addition, organizational slack of a company moderates the relationship between technological diversification and firm performance in terms of EVA and MVA, but not of ROA and Tobin’s q. The current findings indicate that Taiwanese smart phone firms with different technological diversity approach could utilize different slack resources to improve their firm performance. Based on different types of slack resources, the current results of different moderating role of organizational slacks in affecting firm performance support the predictions of organizational theory and agency theory.
目錄
謝誌 I
中文摘要 II
Abstract IV
List of figures VIII
List of Tables IX
Chapter1: Introduction 1
1.1Research background 1
1.2 Research motivation and purposes 3
Chapter 2: Literature review and hypothesis development 7
2.1 Technological diversification 7
2.2 Organizational slack and Performance 14
2.2.1 The moderating role of absorbed slack 17
2.2.2 The moderating role of unabsorbed slack 19
Chpater3: Research method 21
3.1 Research framework 21
3.2 Survey procedures and sample 22
3.3 Methodology 25
3.3.1 Hierarchical regression analysis 25
3.4 Measure of variable 27
3.4.1 Organizational slack 27
3.4.2 Technological diversification 28
3.4.3 Return on total assets (ROA) 30
3.4.4 Tobin’s q 30
3.4.5 MVA 31
3.4.6 EVA 32
3.5 Control variable 35
3.5.1 Firm size 35
3.5.2 R&D intensity 35
Chapter 4: Empirical Results 36
4.1 Descriptive statistics 36
4.2 Pearson correlation analysis 38
4.3 Measurement model 39
4.4 Discussion and implication 48
Chapter 5: Conclusion and Limitation 52
5.1 Conclusion 52
5.2 Limitations and future research 55
Reference: 56
Akerlof, G.A. 1970. The market for" lemons": Quality uncertainty and the market mechanism. The quarterly journal of economics, 84(3), Aug.
Ayadi, F., Dufrene, U. B., and Obi. C. P. 1996. Firm Performance Measures: Temporal Roadblock to innovation? Managerial Finance, 22, pp. 18-32.
Barney, J. 1991. Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage", Journal of Management, 17(1), pp. 99-120.
Baysinger, B.D. and Hoskisson, R.E. 1989. Diversification strategy and R&D intensity in multiproduct firms. The Academy of Management Journal, 32(2), Jun.
Bennett and Linda. 1995. Economic value added defined, Hr focus, 1(72), p.5.
Bettis, R.A. 1981. Performance Differences in Related and Unrelated Diversified Firms. Strategic Management Journal, 2(4), pp. 379.
Bierly, P., and Chakrabarti, A. 1996. Generic knowledge strategies in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry. Strategic Management Journal, 17, pp. 123–135.
Bourgeois, L. J. 1981. On the measurement of organizational slack. Academy of Management Review, 6(1), pp. 29-39.
Breschi, S., Lissoni, F., and Malerba, F. 2003. Knowledge-relatedness in firm technology diversification. Research Policy, 32(1), 69–87.
Bromiley, P. 1991. Testing a causal model of corporate risk taking and performance, Academy of Management Journal, 34(1), 37-59.
Brown, R. 1992. Managing the ‘‘S’’ curve of innovation. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 9(1), 61–72.
Chang, S.J., and Choi, U. 1988. Strategy, Structure and Performance of Korean Business Groups: A Transactions Cost Approach. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 37(2), Dec.
Chen M.J. 1996. Competitor analysis and interfirm rivalry: Toward a theoretical integration. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), pp. 100-134.
Chen, M.J., Su, K.H., and Tsai, W.P. 2007. Competitive tension: The awareness-motivation-capability perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 50(1), pp. 101-118.
Chen, Yi-Min. 2010. The continuing debate on firm performance: A multilevel approach to the IT sectors of Taiwan and South Korea. Journal of Business Research, 63(5), 471-478.
Chung, K.H, and Pruitt, S.W. 1994. A Simple Approximation of Tobin’s Q. Financial Management, 23, pp. 70-74.
Cyert, R. M., J. G. March. 1963. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Damanpour, F. 1987. The adoption of technological, administrative, and ancillary innovations: Impact of organizational factors. Journal of Management, 13, pp. 675-688.
Daniel, F., Lohrke, F. T, Fornaciari, C. J., and Turner, R. A. 2004. Slack resources and firm performance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Business Research, 57(6), pp. 565-574.
Dibiaggio, L. 2004. Corporate technological competence and the evolution of technological diversification: Felicia, M. Fai, Cheltenham. Edward Elgar publishing. 2003. 194pp. Technovation, 24, pp. 759-760.
Durand, R., Bruyaka, O., and Mangematin, V. 2008. Do science and money go together? The case of the French biotech industry. Strategic Management Journal, 29(12), pp. 1281-1299 .
Durand, R., Bruyaka, O., and Mangematin, V. 2008. Do science and money go together? The case of the French biotech industry. Strategic Management Journal, 29: 1281–1299.
Dyas, G.P., and Thanheiser, H.T. 1976. The emerging European enterprise: Strategy and structure in French and German industry. Macmillan, pp. 330-332.
Ehrbar, A. F. 1980. United Technologies' master plan. Fortune, September 22, pp. 96-112.
Fama, E. 1980. Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm. The Journal of Political Economy, 88, pp. 288-298.
Fisher, A.B. 1995. Creating stockholder Wealth. Fortune, 132(12), pp. 105-116.
Fisher, M.F. 1984. The misuse of accounting rates of return: reply, The American Economic Review, 74, pp. 509-17.
Foss, N. J., and Christensen, J. F. 2001. A market-process approach to corporate coherence. Managerial and Decision Economics, 22(4–5), pp. 213–226.
Garcia-Vega, M. 2006. Does technology diversification promote innovation? An empirical analysis for European firms. Research Policy, 35(2), pp. 230–246.
Granstrand, O. and Oskarsson, C. 1994. Technology diversification in ‘‘MUL-TECH’’ corporations. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 41(4), 355–364.
Grant J.L. 1996. Foundations of EVA for investment managers. Journal of Portfolio Management, 12(3), pp.41-48.
Greenhalgh, L. 1983. Organizational decline. In S. Bacharach (Ed.), Research in the sociology of organizations, 2 pp. 231-276.
Greve, H.R. 2003. Organizational learning from performance feedback: A behavioral perspective on innovation and change. Cambridge University Press: UK.
Greve, H.R. 2007. Exploration and exploitation in product innovation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 2007, 16(5), pp. 945–975.
Hambrick D.C. and D’Aveni RA. 1992. Top team deterioration as part of the downward spiral of large corporate bankruptcies. Management Science, 38(10), pp. 1445-1466.
Hambrick, D.C. and D’Aveni, R.A. 1988. Large corporate failures as downward spirals. Administrative Science Quarterly, 33(1), pp. 1-23.
Hambrick. D. and Snow. C. 1977. A contextual model of strategic decision making in organizations, Academy of Management, 1977, pp. 109-112.
Harris, M. and Kriebel, C.H. 1982. Asymmetric information, incentives and intrafirm resource allocation. Management Science, 28(6), Jun.
Haspeslagh, P., Noda, T. and Boulos, F. 2001. Managing for value: it’s not just about the numbers, Harvard Business Review, 79 (7), pp. 64–73.
Hawawini, G., Subramanian, V., and VerdinIs, P. 2003. Performance driven by industry‐or firm‐specific factors? A new look at the evidence. Strategic Management Journal, 24(1), pp. 1–16, January.
Hill, C.W.L., Hitt, M.A. and Hoskisson, R.E. 1992. Cooperative versus competitive structures in related and unrelated diversified firms. Organization Sciences, 3, pp. 501-521.
Hitt, M.A., Hoskisson, R.E. and Ireland, R.D. 1994. A mid-range theory of the interactive effects of international and product diversification on innovation and performance. Journal of Management, 20, 297-326.
Hitt, M.A., Hoskisson, R.E. and Kim, H. 1997. International diversification: Effects on innovation and firm performance in product-diversified firms. Academy of Management Journal, 40(4), pp. 767-798.
Hitt, M.A., Hoskisson, R.E., Ireland, R.D. and Harrison, J.S. 1991. Effects of acquisitions and R&D inputs and outputs. Academy of Management Journal, 34(3), pp. 693-706.
Hitt, M.A., Hoskisson, R.E., Johnson, R.A. and Moesel, D.D. 1996. The market for corporate control and firm innovation. Academy of Management Journal, 39, pp. 1084-1119.
Horowitz, I. 1984. The Misuse of Accounting Rates of Return: Comment. The American Economic Review, 74 (3), pp. 492-493.
Hoskisson, R.E. and Hitt, M.A. 1988. Strategic control systems and relative R&D investment in large multiproduct firms. Strategic Management Journal, 9(6), pp. 605-621.
Hoskisson, R.E. and Hitt, M.A. 1990. Antecedents and performance outcomes of diversification: A review and critique of theoretical performance. Journal of Management, 16(2), pp. 461-509.
Hoskisson, R.E. and Hitt, M.A. 1994. Downscoping: How to Tame the Diversified Firm. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hoskisson, R.E., Hitt, M.A., Johnson, R.A. and Moesel, D.D. 1993. Construct validity of an objective (entropy) categorical measure of diversification strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 14, pp. 215-235.
Huang, Y. F., and Chen, C. J. 2010. The impact of technological diversity and organizational slack on innovation. Technovation, 30, pp. 420–428.
Jacquemin, A.P. and Berry, C.H. 1979. Entropy measure of diversification and corporate growth. Journal of Industrial Economics, 27, pp. 359-369.
Jaffe, A., Trajtenberg, M. and Henderson, R. 1993. Geographic localization of knowledge spillovers as evidenced by patent citations. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108(3), pp. 577-598.
Jaffe, A.B. 1986. Technological opportunity and spillovers of R&D: Evidence from firms’ patents, profits, and market value. American Economic Review, 76, 984-1001.
Jensen, M. C., and Meckling, W. H. 1976. Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency cost, and ownership structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3, pp. 305-360.
Judge, W.Q., Fryxell, G.E., and Dooley, R.S. 1997. The new task of R&D management: creating goal-directed communities for innovation. California Management Review, 39, pp. 72–85.
Kamin, J. Y. and Ronen, J. 1978. The smoothing of income numbers: Some empirical evidence on systematic differences among management-controlled and owner-controlled firms. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 3(2), pp. 141-157
Kuznets, S. 1962. Inventive activity: Problems of definition and measurement. In R.R. Nelson. The Rate of Direction of Inventive Activity, pp. 19-43, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lamberg1, J.A., Tikkanen, H., Nokelainen, T., and Henri, S.I. 2009. Competitive dynamics, strategic consistency, and organizational survival. Strategic Management Journal, 30(1), pp. 45-60.
Lang. L. and R.M Stulz. 1994. Tobin’s q, corporate gorvernment and firm performance, The journal of political policy ,102 , pp. 1248.
Lawson, M.B. 2001.In praise of slack: time is of the essence. The Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 15, No. 3, Aug.
Lehn, K., Patro, S., and Zhao, M. 2003, Determinants of the Size and Structure of Corporate Boards: 1935-2000. Financial Management, 38.
Leten, B., Belderbos, R., VanLooy, B. 2007.Technological diversification, coherence, and performance of firms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 24, pp. 567–579.
Leva, B., and Sougiannis, T. 1996. The capitalization, amortization, and value-relevance of R&D, Journal of Accounting and Economics, 21(1), pp. 107-138.
Levin, R.C., Cohen, W.M. and Mowery, D.C. 1985. R&D appropriability, opportunity, and market structure:New evidence on some Schumpeterian hypotheses. American Economic Review, 75, pp. 20-24.
Levinthala, D. and March, J. G. 1981. A model of adaptive organizational search, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2(4) , pp. 307-333.
Lin, B.W., Chen, C.J., Wu, H.L. 2006. Patent portfolio diversity, technology strategy, and firm value. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 53(1), pp. 17–26.
Long, W.F., and Ravenscraft, D.J. 1984. The Misuse of Accounting Rates of Return: Comment. The American Economic Review, 74(3), Jun.
Lounamaa, P.H. and March, J.G. 1987. Adaptive coordination of a learning team, Management Science, 33, pp. 107-123.
MacCrimmon, K. R., and Wehrung, D. A. 1986. Taking risks: The management of uncertainty. New York: Free Press.
MacMillan, I., McCaffrey, M. and Van Wijk, G. 1985. Competitor’s responses to easily imitated new products: Exploring commercial banking product introductions. Strategic Management Journal, 6, pp. 75-86.
Majumdar, S. K., and Venkataraman, S. 1993. New technology adoption in U.S. telecommunications; The role of competitive pressures and firm-level inducements, Research Policy, 22, pp. 521-536.
Mansfield, E. 1961. Technical change and the rate of imitation. Econometrica, 29, pp. 741-766.
Mansfield, E. 1981. Composition of R and D expenditures: Relationship to size of firm, concentration, and innovative output. Review of Economics and Statistics, 63, pp. 610-615.
March, J. G. 1981. Decisions in organizations and theories of choice. In A. H. Van de Ven and Joyce W.F. Perspectives on organizational design and behavior. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp.205-248
March, J. G. 1988. Variable risk preferences and adaptive aspirations. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 9, pp. 5-24.
March, J. G., & Shapira, Z. 1987. Managerial perspectives on risk and risk taking. Management Science, 33, pp. 1404-1418.
Martin, K. 1986. Schumpeterian innovation and entrepreneurs in capitalism. Research Policy, 1, pp. 21-33.
McDougall, F.M. and Round, D.K. 1984. A comparison of diversifying and nondiversifying Australian industrial firms. Academy of Management Journal, 27, pp. 384-398.
McGahan, A.M., and Porter, M.E. 1997. How much does industry matter, really? Strategic Management Journal 18, pp. 15-30.
Meyer, A.D. 1982. Adapting to environmental jolts, Administrative science quarterly.
Miller, K.D., and Leiblein, M.J. 1996. Corporate risk-return relations: Returns variability versus downside risk. Academy of Management Journal, 39(1), pp.91-122.
Narin, F., Noma, E., and Perry, R. 1987. Patents as indicators of technological strength. Research Policy, 16, pp. 143-155.
Nelson, R.R. 1959. The simple economics of basic sciences research. Journal of Political Economy, 67, pp. 297-306.
Nelson, R.R. and Winter, S. 1982. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nohria, N. and Gulati, R. 1996. Is slack good or bad for innovation? Academy of Management Journal, 39(5), Oct.
Pakes, A. 1985. On patents, R&D, and the stock market rate of return. Journal of Political Economy, 93, pp. 390-409.
Pakes, A. and Griliches, Z. 1980. Patents and R&D at the firm level: A first report. Economic Letters, 4, pp. 377-381.
Pakes, A. and Schankerman, M. 1984. The rate of obsolescence of patents, research gestation lags, and the private rate of return to research resources. In Z. Griliches (Ed.) R&D, Patents, and Productivity, Chicago: University of Chicago, pp.73-88
Palepu, K. 1985. Diversification strategy, profit performance and the entropy measure. Strategic Management Journal, 6(3), pp. 239-255.
Penrose, E. 1959. The theory of the growth of the firm. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Peteraf, M. A. 1993. The Cornerstones of Competitive Advantage: A Resource-Based View, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 14 (3), 1993, pp.179-191.
Pfeffer, J., and Salancick, G. 1978. The External Control of Organizations. Harper & ROW: New York.
Porter, M.E. 1980. Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors. New York: Free Press.
Porter, M.E. 1985. Competitive Advantage. New York: Free Press.
Porter, M.E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press.
pp.105-116.
Prahalad, C. & G. Hamel. 1990. The Core Competence of the Corporation, Harvard Business Review, 68(3), 1990, pp. 79-93.
Ramanujam, V., and Varadarajan, P. 1989. Research on corporate diversification: A synthesis. Strategic Management Journal, 10, pp. 523-552.
Rheem, H. 1995. Technology: Core competence or diverse competencies? Harvard Business Review, 73(2).
Rosenkopf, L. and Nerkar, A. 2001. Beyond local search: Boundary-spanning exploration, and impact in the optical disk industry. Strategic Management Journal, 22, pp. 287-306.
Rumelt, R.P. 1974. Strategy, Structure, and Economic Performance. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Rumelt, R.P. 1982. Diversification strategy and profitability. Strategic Management Journal, 3, pp. 359-369.
Saxenian, A.L. and Hsu, J.-Y. 2001. The Silicon Valley-Hsinchu connection: Technical communities and industrial upgrading. Industrial & Corporate Change, 10(4), pp. 893-920.
Scherer, F.M. 1982. Inter-industry technology flows and productivity growth. Review of Economics and Statistics, 64, pp. 627-634.
Sharfman, M., Wolf, G., Chase, R., and Tansik, D. 1988. Antecedents of organizational slack. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 13, No. 4, Oct.
Singh, J. V. 1986. Performance, slack, and risk taking in organizational decision making. Academy of Management Journal, 29, pp. 562-585.
Stern Stewart . 1994. EVA Round table at Johnson & Johnson.
Stern, Joel.1993. Value and people management. Corporate Finance, 104, pp.35-37.
Stewart III, G.B., 1991. The Quest For Value. Harper Business, New York.
Stewart, G. Bennett Ⅲ. 1990. The Quest for Value:a guide for senior managers. N.Y.: Harper Business.
Stewart, G. Bennett Ⅲ. 1995. EVA works-But not if you make these common mistakes. Fortune, 131, May, pp.117-118.
Stuart, T. E., and Podolny, J. 1996. Local search and the evolution of technological capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 17(1), pp. 21–38.
Subramaniam, M. and Youndt, M.A. 2005. The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities. The Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), pp. 450–463.
Suzuki, Y. 1980. The strategy and structure of top Japanese industrial enterprises 1950-1970. Strategic Management Journal, 1, pp. 265-291.
Tan, J. 2003. Curvilinear relationship between organization alslack and firm performance: evidence from Chinese state enterprises. European Management Journal 21(6),pp. 740–749.
Tan, J. and Peng, M. 2003. Organizational slack and firm performance during economic transitions: Two studies from an emerging economy. Strategic Management Journal, 24, pp. 1249-1264.
Teece, D.J. 1982. Towards an economic theory of multiproduct firm. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 3(1), pp. 39-63.
Thompson, J.D. 1967. Organizations in action. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
Tully, S. 1993. The real key to creating wealth. Fortune, 128, Sep 1993, pp.38-50.
Van Breda, M.J. 1984. The misuse of accounting rates of return: comment, The American Economic Review, 74, pp. 507-08.
Voss, G.B., Sirdeshmukht, D., and Voss, V.G. 2008. The effects of slack resources and environmental threat on product exploration and exploitation. Academy of Management Journal, 51(1), pp. 147–164.
Wan, W.P. and Hoskisson, R.E. 2003. Home country environments, corporate diversification strategies, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 46(1), pp. 27-45.
Wernerfelt, B. 1984. A resource-based view of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5(2), pp. 171-180.
Wiseman, R. and Bromiley, P. 1996. Towards a model of risk in declining organizations: An empirical examination of risk, performance and decline. Organization Science, 7, pp.524-543.
Yang, M.L., Wang, A.M.L., and Cheng, K.C. 2009. The impact of quality of IS information and budget slack on innovation performance. Technovation, 29.
Young, G., Smith, K.G. and Grimm, C. 1996. ‘Austrian’ and industrial organization perspectives on firmlevel competitive activity and performance. Organization Science, 73, pp. 243-254.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊