跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.48.196) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/26 03:59
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:吳宗翰
研究生(外文):Tsung-han Wu
論文名稱:拋光石英磚汙泥再利用研究
論文名稱(外文):Recycling of Polishing Porcelain Tile Residuals
指導教授:許志雄許志雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Hsiung Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立聯合大學
系所名稱:材料科學工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2010
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞: 石質磚陶質磚石英磚研磨拋光汙泥
外文關鍵詞: stoneware tileearthware tileporcelain tile waste
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:419
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究探討石英磚研磨拋光汙泥回用至瓷磚原料之燒結面磚性質。研究方法以不同重量比例汙泥,與黏土、長石及石英砂等原料混合並燒製成石質磚及陶質磚。研究探討坯體於不同溫度之燒結特性,包括收縮率、吸水率及體密度等,以X-ray繞射儀、電子顯微鏡來觀察其相組成及顯微結構,並燒結5×10公分瓷磚樣品,做三點抗折強度試驗。
實驗結果顯示,單純以汙泥及黏土燒製成石質磚時,隨著汙泥含量由25wt.%增加至55wt.%時,可大幅降低燒結溫度,由1220oC至1120oC,並且維持收縮率於9%,吸水率2.3%,抗折強度43.1MPa以上。於回用燒結陶質磚時,額外添加大理石粉8wt.%,可以有效使燒結溫度區間曲線平緩,抗折強度超過20.7MPa。
由相鑑定結果顯示,汙泥參與燒結石質磚時,可觀察到富鋁紅柱石相生成,且燒結溫度越高時,繞射峰越明顯。在電子顯微鏡觀察時,可發現汙泥參與燒結時,因坯體本身含有大量之玻璃相,造成內部仍有部分氣體無法排出,因此在汙泥回用量較高時,燒結溫度較狹窄。
In this study, polishing porcelain tile residuals were mixed with ceramic raw materials, and the properties of sintered ceramic tiles were characterized. The studies were carried out first by mixing different amounts of polishing porcelain tiles residual with clay minerals, feldspar and quartz, and then were sintered to ceramic stoneware tiles and earthware tiles. The sintering behaviors of the ceramic tiles, such as shrinkage, water absorption and bulk density, were investigated. The mineralogical phases and microstructure of sintered tiles were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis(XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy(SEM), respectively. The flexural strength of the sintered tiles with size of 10cm×5cm, were measured by a three point bending method.
The sintering temperatures of polishing residual content ceramic tiles decreased from 1220oC to 1120oC, when the residual content increased from 25 to 55wt.%. These samples had shrinkage around 9%, water absorption 2.3%, and flexural strength is higher than 43.1MPa. When the residual was used to prepare earthware tiles with 8wt.% calcium carbonate add it in, the working temperature range were increased, and it had flexural strength of 20.7MPa.
Mullite phase was observed from each fired stoneware sample. Relative higher mullite diffraction peaks were obtained from the samples sintered at higher temperature. The microstructure of the sintered samples had pores trapped inside the body. When tile residual were incorporated, it made more glass phase content in the ceramic tiles, and the sintering temperature range of the residuals added tile became narrow.
審定書 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 石英磚之發展 3
2.1.1 石英磚製程 3
2.1.2 我國之瓷磚規範 5
2.1.3 未來發展方向 8
2.2 陶瓷燒結原理 9
2.2.1 燒結之驅動力 9
2.2.2 燒結機構 10
2.2.3 燒結過程中的其他反應 14
2.3 成分對燒結特性之影響 15
2.4 微結構對瓷磚性質之影響 16
2.5 石英磚相關之資源再利用回顧 19
第三章 研究與實驗流程 21
3.1 研究流程 21
3.2 研究材料 21
3.2.1 研磨汙泥 22
3.2.2 其他實驗材料 22
3.3 實驗設備與分析儀器 22
3.3.1 實驗設備 22
3.3.2 分析儀器 24
3.4 研磨汙泥性質探討 26
3.5 汙泥回用性質實驗方法 26
3.5.1 原料混合 26
3.5.2 生坯成型 26
3.5.3 燒結實驗 27
3.6 汙泥回用性質分析方法 29
3.6.1 燒結性質測量 29
3.6.2 相鑑定與顯微結構分析 30
第四章 結果與討論 32
4.1 石英磚研磨拋光汙泥特性分析 32
4.1.1 汙泥粒徑、成分組成及相組成分析 32
4.1.2 研磨汙泥之燒結性質 35
4.2 研磨汙泥回用至石質磚性質 37
4.2.1 不同汙泥回用比例燒結 37
4.2.1.1 燒結性質 37
4.2.1.2 相組成 43
4.2.1.3 機械性質 46
4.2.2 固定汙泥回用比例燒結 48
4.2.2.1 燒結性質 48
4.2.2.2 相組成 52
4.2.2.3 機械性質 53
4.2.2.4 持溫時間之影響 54
4.3 研磨汙泥回用至陶質磚性質 58
4.3.1 燒結性質 58
4.3.2 相組成 62
4.3.3 機械性質 64
第五章 結論 66
附錄A 實驗原料成分分析表 73
附錄B 實驗原料成分XRD圖譜 74
附錄C 商用配方與實驗室球磨所得配方之粒徑分佈 80
附錄D 五種區域採樣汙泥粒徑分析 81
附錄E 工廠燒結之石質磚與陶質磚 82
[1]E. Sanchez, J. Garcia-Ten, V. Sanz, and A. Moreno, "Porcelain tile: Almost 30 years of steady scientific-technological evolution," Ceramics International, vol. 36, pp. 831-845, 2010.
[2]A. De Noni Junior, D. Hotza, V. C. Soler, and E. S. Vilches, "Analysis of the development of microscopic residual stresses on quartz particles in porcelain tile," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 28, pp. 2629-2637, 2008.
[3]J. Martin-Marquez, J. M. Rincon, and M. Romero, "Mullite development on firing in porcelain stoneware bodies," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 30, pp. 1599-1607, 2010.
[4]A. De Noni Junior, D. Hotza, V. C. Soler, and E. S. Vilches, "Effect of quartz particle size on the mechanical behaviour of porcelain tile subjected to different cooling rates," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 29, pp. 1039-1046, 2009.
[5]W.-P. Tai, K. Kimura, and K. Jinnai, "A new approach to anorthite porcelain bodies using nonplastic raw materials," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 22, pp. 463-470, 2002.
[6]J. L. Amoros, M. J. Orts, J. Garcia-Ten, A. Gozalbo, and E. Sanchez, "Effect of the green porous texture on porcelain tile properties," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 2295-2301, 2007.
[7]H. J. Alves, F. G. Melchiades, and A. O. Boschi, "Effect of spray-dried powder granulometry on the porous microstructure of polished porcelain tile," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 30, pp. 1259-1265, 2010.
[8]M. N. Rahaman, Ceramic processing and sintering, 2nd ed. New York: M. Dekker, 2003.
[9]J. Martin-Marquez, J. M. Rincon, and M. Romero, "Effect of firing temperature on sintering of porcelain stoneware tiles," Ceramics International, vol. 34, pp. 1867-1873, 2008.
[10]F. G. Melchiades, B. T. Rego, S. M. Higa, H. J. Alves, and A. O. Boschi, "Factors affecting glaze transparency of ceramic tiles manufactured by the single firing technique," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 30, pp. 2443-2449, 2010.
[11]P. M. Tenorio Cavalcante, M. Dondi, G. Ercolani, G. Guarini, C. Melandri, M. Raimondo, and E. Rocha e Almendra, "The influence of microstructure on the performance of white porcelain stoneware," Ceramics International, vol. 30, pp. 953-963, 2004.
[12]I. M. Hutchings, K. Adachi, Y. Xu, E. Sanchez, M. J. Ibanez, and M. F. Quereda, "Analysis and laboratory simulation of an industrial polishing process for porcelain ceramic tiles," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 25, pp. 3151-3156, 2005.
[13]E. Bernardo, L. Esposito, E. Rambaldi, A. Tucci, Y. Pontikes, and G. N. Angelopoulos, "Sintered esseneite-wollastonite-plagioclase glass-ceramics from vitrified waste," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 29, pp. 2921-2927, 2009.
[14]A. M. Berto, "Ceramic tiles: Above and beyond traditional applications," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 1607-1613, 2007.
[15]A. P. Luz and S. Ribeiro, "Use of glass waste as a raw material in porcelain stoneware tile mixtures," Ceramics International, vol. 33, pp. 761-765, 2007.
[16]A. Tucci, L. Esposito, E. Rastelli, C. Palmonari, and E. Rambaldi, "Use of soda-lime scrap-glass as a fluxing agent in a porcelain stoneware tile mix," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 24, pp. 83-92, 2004.
[17]M. Raimondo, C. Zanelli, F. Matteucci, G. Guarini, M. Dondi, and J. A. Labrincha, "Effect of waste glass (TV/PC cathodic tube and screen) on technological properties and sintering behaviour of porcelain stoneware tiles," Ceramics International, vol. 33, pp. 615-623, 2007.
[18]S. Garcia, "Individual inks and an ink set for use in the color ink jet printing of glazed ceramic tiles and surfaces " US Patent, 2002, p. 12.
[19]G. Bolelli, V. Cannillo, L. Lusvarghi, T. Manfredini, C. Siligardi, C. Bartuli, A. Loreto, and T. Valente, "Plasma-sprayed glass-ceramic coatings on ceramic tiles: microstructure, chemical resistance and mechanical properties," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 25, pp. 1835-1853, 2005.
[20]G. B. Remmey, Firing ceramics. Singapore ; River Edge, N.J.: World Scientific, 1994.
[21]E. A. Olevsky, "Theory of sintering: from discrete to continuum," Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, vol. 23, pp. 41-100, 1998.
[22]A. Salak, Ferrous Powder Metallurgy: Cambridge International Science Publishing, 1997.
[23]L. Olmos, C. L. Martin, and D. Bouvard, "Sintering of mixtures of powders: Experiments and modelling," Powder Technology, vol. 190, pp. 134-140, 2009.
[24]G. B. Jang, M. D. Hur, and S. S. Kang, "A study on the development of a substitution process by powder metallurgy in automobile parts," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 100, pp. 110-115, 2000.
[25]汪建民, 陶瓷技術手冊 (上): 全華圖書, 1994.
[26]R. M. German, Liquid phase sintering: Springer, 1985.
[27]A. Baldan, "Review Progress in Ostwald ripening theories and their applications to the γ′-precipitates in nickel-base superalloys Part II Nickel-base superalloys," Journal of Materials Science, vol. 37, pp. 2379-2405, 2002.
[28]L. Lu, J. Y. H. Fuh, and Y. S. Wong, Laser-induced materials and processes for rapid prototyping. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001.
[29]R. Siddique and J. Klaus, "Influence of metakaolin on the properties of mortar and concrete: A review," Applied Clay Science, vol. 43, pp. 392-400, 2009.
[30]Y.-F. Chen, M.-C. Wang, and M.-H. Hon, "Phase transformation and growth of mullite in kaolin ceramics," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 24, pp. 2389-2397, 2004.
[31]W. E. Worrall, Clays and ceramic raw materials / W.E. Worrall. London :: Applied Science Publishers, 1975.
[32]A. De Noni Jr, D. Hotza, V. C. Soler, and E. S. Vilches, "Influence of composition on mechanical behaviour of porcelain tile. Part I: Microstructural characterization and developed phases after firing," Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 527, pp. 1730-1735, 2010.
[33]W. E. Worrall, Clays and ceramic raw materials, 2nd ed.: Elsevier, 1986.
[34]A. Tucci, L. Esposito, L. Malmusi, and E. Rambaldi, "New body mixes for porcelain stoneware tiles with improved mechanical characteristics," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 1875-1881, 2007.
[35]L. Esposito, A. Salem, A. Tucci, A. Gualtieri, and S. H. Jazayeri, "The use of nepheline-syenite in a body mix for porcelain stoneware tiles," Ceramics International, vol. 31, pp. 233-240, 2005.
[36]E. Sanchez, M. J. Ibanez, J. Garcia-Ten, M. F. Quereda, I. M. Hutchings, and Y. M. Xu, "Porcelain tile microstructure: Implications for polished tile properties," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 26, pp. 2533-2540, 2006.
[37]C. Zanelli, M. Dondi, G. Guarini, M. Raimondo, and I. Roncarati, "Influence of strengthening components on industrial mixture of porcelain stoneware tiles.," Key Engineering Materials, vol. 264-268, pp. 1491-1494, 2004.
[38]A. De Noni Junior, D. Hotza, V. C. Soler, and E. S. Vilches, "Influence of composition on mechanical behaviour of porcelain tile. Part II: Mechanical properties and microscopic residual stress," Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 527, pp. 1736-1743, 2010.
[39]J. L. Amoros, M. J. Orts, S. Mestre, J. Garcia-Ten, and C. Feliu, "Porous single-fired wall tile bodies: Influence of quartz particle size on tile properties," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 30, pp. 17-28, 2010.
[40]C. Leonelli, F. Bondioli, P. Veronesi, M. Romagnoli, T. Manfredini, G. C. Pellacani, and V. Cannillo, "Enhancing the mechanical properties of porcelain stoneware tiles: a microstructural approach," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 21, pp. 785-793, 2001.
[41]G. Stathis, A. Ekonomakou, C. J. Stournaras, and C. Ftikos, "Effect of firing conditions, filler grain size and quartz content on bending strength and physical properties of sanitaryware porcelain," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 24, pp. 2357-2366, 2004.
[42]M. Dondi, G. Ercolani, G. Guarini, C. Melandri, M. Raimondo, E. Rocha e Almendra, and P. M. Tenorio Cavalcante, "The role of surface microstructure on the resistance to stains of porcelain stoneware tiles," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 25, pp. 357-365, 2005.
[43]F. Matteucci, M. Dondi, and G. Guarini, "Effect of soda-lime glass on sintering and technological properties of porcelain stoneware tiles," Ceramics International, vol. 28, pp. 873-880, 2002.
[44]S. Kurama, A. Kara, and H. Kurama, "Investigation of borax waste behaviour in tile production," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 1715-1720, 2007.
[45]P. Torres, R. S. Manjate, S. Quaresma, H. R. Fernandes, and J. M. F. Ferreira, "Development of ceramic floor tile compositions based on quartzite and granite sludges," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 4649-4655, 2007.
[46]P. Torres, H. R. Fernandes, S. Olhero, and J. M. F. Ferreira, "Incorporation of wastes from granite rock cutting and polishing industries to produce roof tiles," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 29, pp. 23-30, 2009.
[47]F. Andreola, L. Barbieri, A. Corradi, I. Lancellotti, and T. Manfredini, "Utilisation of municipal incinerator grate slag for manufacturing porcelainized stoneware tiles manufacturing," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 22, pp. 1457-1462, 2002.
[48]D. Baruzzo, D. Minichelli, S. Bruckner, L. Fedrizzi, A. Bachiorrini, and S. Maschio, "Possible production of ceramic tiles from marine dredging spoils alone and mixed with other waste materials," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 134, pp. 202-210, 2006.
[49]A. M. Bernardin, M. J. d. Silva, and H. G. Riella, "Characterization of cellular ceramics made by porcelain tile residues," Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 437, pp. 222-225, 2006.
[50]E. Rambaldi, L. Esposito, A. Tucci, and G. Timellini, "Recycling of polishing porcelain stoneware residues in ceramic tiles," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 3509-3515, 2007.
[51]Y. Pontikes, L. Esposito, A. Tucci, and G. N. Angelopoulos, "Thermal behaviour of clays for traditional ceramics with soda-lime-silica waste glass admixture," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, pp. 1657-1663, 2007.
[52]C. Y. Chen, G. S. Lan, and W. H. Tuan, "Microstructural evolution of mullite during the sintering of kaolin powder compacts," Ceramics International, vol. 26, pp. 715-720, 2000.
[53]F. Andreola, L. Barbieri, E. Karamanova, I. Lancellotti, and M. Pelino, "Recycling of CRT panel glass as fluxing agent in the porcelain stoneware tile production," Ceramics International, vol. 34, pp. 1289-1295, 2008.
[54]C. M. Riley, "Relation of Chemical Properties to the Bloating of Clays," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 34, pp. 121-128, 1951.
[55]W. E. Lee and Y. Iqbal, "Influence of mixing on mullite formation in porcelain," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 21, pp. 2583-2586, 2001.
[56]N. E. Dowling, Mechanical Behavior of Materials: Prentice-Hall 1993.
[57]A. Escardino, J. Garcia-Ten, and C. Feliu, "Kinetic study of calcite particle (powder) thermal decomposition: Part I," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 28, pp. 3011-3020, 2008.
[58]M. J. Trindade, M. I. Dias, J. Coroado, and F. Rocha, "Mineralogical transformations of calcareous rich clays with firing: A comparative study between calcite and dolomite rich clays from Algarve, Portugal," Applied Clay Science, vol. 42, pp. 345-355, 2009.
[59]M. U. Taskiran, N. Demirkol, and A. Capoglu, "A new porcelainised stoneware material based on anorthite," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 25, pp. 293-300, 2005.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top