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研究生:黃峻榜
研究生(外文):Huang, Chuan-Pang
論文名稱:棒球投手投擲快速球與蝴蝶球之運動學分析 - 以甲組選手個案為例
論文名稱(外文):Kinematic Comparisons of Fastball and Knuckleball Pitching – A Case Study of A Pitcher in the Varsity Team
指導教授:江界山江界山引用關係彭賢德彭賢德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, JassonPeng, Hsien-Te
口試委員:江界山彭賢德莊榮仁林晉榮
口試委員(外文):Chiang, JassonPeng, Hsien-TeChuang, Long-RenLin, Zin-Rong
口試日期:2011/06/13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:體育學系運動教練碩博士班
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:棒球蝴蝶球運動學
外文關鍵詞:baseballknuckleballkinematic analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 下載下載:106
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
目的:本研究主要目的為比較投擲快速球與蝴蝶球之運動學差異並了解投擲兩種球種不同反覆次數間之動作參數一致性。方法:受試者為一名中國文化大學棒球隊投手。在實驗過程中,受試者分別投擲10球快速球及10球蝴蝶球,並以EVaRT4.4三維動作分析系統進行資料收集。分析後,以組內相關係數了解投擲快速球與蝴蝶球不同反覆次數間之動作參數一致性,再以描述性統計的方式採用差異百分比探討投擲此兩種球種間之運動學差異。結果:投擲快速球間與蝴蝶球間之反覆次數皆呈現高相關的一致性。本研究在棒球投球的四個分期所比較的26項運動學參數中,共發現有將近50%的參數在投擲快速球與蝴蝶球間明顯的差異。結論與建議:打者可經由投擲蝴蝶球在釋球期軀幹較正直之特性判別投手欲投擲的球種,投手亦可以本研究為參考學習了解投擲蝴蝶球的特性。
The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematic differences between fastball and knuckleball pitching, and the consistency within its movement. EVaRT4.4 Motion Analysis System was utilized to capture 10 fastball and 10 knuckleball pitches thrown by a collegiate pitcher in Chinese Culture University baseball varsity team during the experiment. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was to examine the uniformity of the pitching movement of fastball and knuckleball separately, and the descriptive statistic was applied in order to compare the kinematic differences between the two different pitches. Both fastball and knuckleball pitching evinced high relevance in each trial. 26 kinematic parameters at foot contact during the arm-cocking and arm-acceleration phases, and at ball release were measured, approximately 50% of the parameters exhibit conspicuous difference between fastball and knuckleball pitching. In conclusions, baseball batters may have the best opportunity to identify knuckleball pitching by its less lateral trunk tilt characteristic, and pitchers may learn the traits of knuckleball pitching through the current study.
第壹章 緒 論
第一節 研究背景與動機 --------------------------------------------- 1
第二節 研究目的 -------------------------------------------------- 5
第三節 研究假設 -------------------------------------------------- 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 --------------------------------------------- 5
第五節 操作型名詞定義 --------------------------------------------- 6

第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 蝴蝶球與快速球之空氣動力學 ----------------------------------- 7
第二節 投擲棒球之運動學分析 ---------------------------------------- 11
第三節 文獻總結 -------------------------------------------------- 19

第參章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構 --------------------------------------------------- 21
第二節 研究對象 --------------------------------------------------- 21
第三節 研究工具 --------------------------------------------------- 22
第四節 研究步驟 --------------------------------------------------- 24
第六節 資料處理與統計方法 ------------------------------------------- 25

第肆章 結果
第一節 投球反覆次數間之一致性 ---------------------------------------- 39
第二節 投擲快速球與蝴蝶球之差異性 ------------------------------------- 40

第伍章 討論
第一節 投球反覆次數間之一致性 ---------------------------------------- 54
第二節 投擲快速球與蝴蝶球之運動學差異 ---------------------------------- 56

第陸章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 ------------------------------------------------------- 66
第二節 建議 ------------------------------------------------------- 67

參考文獻 ---------------------------------------------------------- 68

附錄一 ------------------------------------------------------------ 71

一、中文部份
高英傑(民85)。棒球。國立體育學院教練研究所技術報告書。桃園縣:國立體育學院。
高英傑、江昆達(民96)。棒球縫線對飛行軌跡與球速之影響。大專體育學刊,1,99-109。
洪玉山 (民97)。棒球投手不同跨步距離之生物力學分析(未出版碩士論文)。國立台北教育大學,台北市。
蔡意雯、劉強(民97)。增菘瑋投手不同球種之運動學分析。運動教練科學,11,41-51。

二、英文部份
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Escamilla, R. F., Fleisig, G. S., Barrentine, S. W., Zheng, N., Andrews, J. R., & Speer. K. P. (2002). Kinetic comparisons between American and Korean professional baseball pitchers. Sports Biomechanic, 2, 213-228.
Escamilla, R. F., Fleisig, G. S., Zheng, N., Barrentine, S. W., & Andrews, J. R. (2001). Kinematic comparisons of 1996 Olympic baseball pitchers. Journal of Sports Science, 19, 665-676.
Elliott, B., & Grove, J. R. (1986). A three-dimensional cinematographic analysis of the fastball and curveball pitches in baseball. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 2, 20-28.
Fleisig, G.S., Barrentine, S.W., Zheng, N., Escamilla, R.F. & Andrews, J.R. (1999). Kinematic and kinetic comparison of baseball pitching among various levels of development. Journal of Biomechanics, 32, 1371-1375.
Feltner, M., & Dapena, J. (1986). Dynamics of the shoulder and elbow joints of the throwing arm during a baseball pitch. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 2, 235-359.
Fleisig, G. S., Escamilla, R. F., Andrews, J. R., Matsuo, T., Satterwhite, Y., & Barrentine, S. W. (1996). Kinematic and kinetic comparison of baseball pitching and football passing. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 12, 207-224.
Hirashima, M., Yamane, K., Nakamura, Y., & Ohtsuki, T. (2008). Kinetic chain of overarm throwing in terms of joint rotations revealed by induced acceleration analysis. Journal of Biomechanics, 41, 2874-2883.
Murata, A. (2001). Shoulder joint movement of the non-throwing arm during baseball pitch-comparison between skilled and unskilled pitchers. Journal of Biomechanics, 34, 1643-1647.
Morrissey, M. P. (2009). The aerodynamics of the knuckleball pitch: an experimental investigation into the effects that the seam and slow rotation. Marquette University.
MacWilliams, B. A., Choi, T., Perezous, K. M., Chao, S. E., & MacFarland, G. E. (1998). Characteristic ground-reaction force in baseball Pitching. American Journal of sports medicine, 26, 66-71.
Naito, K., & Maruyama, T. (2001). Contributions of the throwing arm and trunk motions to generate the rapid elbow extension motion during baseball pitching. XXI ISB congress.
Nissen, C. W., Westwell, M., Ounpuu, S., Patel, M., Solomito, M., & Tate, J. (2009). A biomechanical comparison of the fastball and curveball in adolescent baseball pitchers. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 37, 1492-1498.
PedeganaL.R.,Elsner R.C., & Roberts D. (1982). The relationship of upper extremity strength to throwing speed. The American Journal of Sports Medicine.10, 352-354.
Sisto, D. J., Jobe, F. W., Moynes, D. R., & Antonelli, D. J. (1987). An electromyographic analysis of the elbow in pitching. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, 260-263.
Sirohi. R. S. & Krishna. H. C. R. (1983). Mechanical Measurements. Wiley, New York.
Werner, S. L., Suri, M., Guido Jr., J. A., Meister, K., & Jones, D. G. (2008). Relatioinship between ball velocity and throwing mechanics in collegiate baseball pitchers. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 17, 905-908.

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