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研究生:林均美
研究生(外文):Lin, Chun-Mei
論文名稱:從二元論到非二元論:重讀海明威的《旭日又升》
論文名稱(外文):From Dualism to Non-dualism: Re-reading Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises
指導教授:海柏海柏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Haseltine, Patricia Louise
口試委員:古綺玲吳萼洲
口試委員(外文):Ku, Chi-LingWu, E-chou
口試日期:2011-07-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:海明威的冰山理論二元對立論生態女性主義性別顛覆
外文關鍵詞:Hemingway’s iceberg theorydualismecofeminismgender reversal
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此論文主要在重新審視海明威的第一本長篇小說《旭日又升》。試圖揭露作者於文中想要傳達的主題思想及其他隱含的主旨意涵,並且探究作品中人與自然間複雜的關係。另外,藉由生態女性主義者對二元論的批判觀點,來探討主要角色與他們在自然和社會之間的關係。
本論文共分為六個部分。於緒論中簡略地說明海明威作品的研究背景並闡明研究動機以及研究目的。第一章從作者於小說《旭日又升》扉頁中安排的兩個題詞切入討論,從中推知兩者的結構如冰山的上下兩層。第二個題詞對比反駁第一個,而非補強第一個失落一代的題詞。再者,海明威通常根據其寫作原則:冰山理論創作,並藉由對比技巧透露出他所欲呈現的主題,因此,此章節試圖重新解讀並挖掘出隱含於冰山下層的重要意涵。第二章以簡介生態女性主義起源及其主要觀點為開端,進而運用該主義反二元對立的概念,審查故事中重要角色性別認同顛覆並且分析人與人和人與自然之間的關係。第三章闡述主人公杰克‧巴恩斯到伊拉地河垂釣、潘普洛納看鬥牛、聖賽巴斯汀游泳的學習成長之旅。由他最後對布萊特的回應與他對周遭環境的反應可知,他的心境與所關注的焦點已有所改變。第四章著重於極具爭議性的女性角色布萊特‧艾希莉夫人,並企圖為其所遭受到的指控作辯護。布萊特為了從她悲慘的人生中尋求解脫而遊歷於男人之間,直至遇到鬥牛士羅梅洛後才有所覺悟。本論文最後總結海明威透過作品中主要人物的轉變歷程,在男女角色間建構出能與傳統性別二元論抗衡的一個新的平衡點。 

This thesis aims to re-examine the The Sun Also Rises to unveil the underlying themes and other meanings the author may be conveying in the subtext of the novel, as well as to explore complex relationships between men and nature in this work. It explores the novel’s leading characters and their relationships in nature and society from the perspective of the ecofeminist critique of dualism.
This paper is divided into six parts. The introductory part includes a discussion of research background to Hemingway’s work. Chapter One starts from the discussion of the novel's two epigraphs. I infer that the structure of the two quotations is reflected in the content as well. By the same logic of the two epigraphs and according to Hemingway's writing theory—the iceberg principle—, I examine some contrasting scenes and descriptions in the novel to figure out the novel's significant points under the surface of the text. Chapter Two applies some concepts of ecofeminism to inspect the reversed gender identity of the major male and female characters and the implications of an ecofeminist approach to gender and to discuss the relationship between human beings and nature. Chapter Three recounts the leading male figure Jake's healing and learning journey, from trout-fishing in Burguete, bullfighting in Pamplona, to swimming in San Sebastian. Jake's final reactions to Brett and to his surroundings indicate that his mindset and focus are changed. He has found his way out of his problems in life. He is not lost but transforms into a new man. Chapter Four, an analysis of the controversial female character Lady Brett Ashley, starting from a defense for her, explores her journey into the psyche of men. At the end, Brett is transformed into a new woman. The thesis concludes that through the development of the main characters, Hemingway has constructed a new balance between male and female roles to oppose the conventional gender dualisms.

Table of Contents

Chinese Abstract i

English Abstract iii

Acknowledgements v

Introduction 1

Chapter One: Implicated Themes under the Iceberg 5
The Two Epigraphs of the Novel
Contrasts in the Novel

Chapter Two: Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises and Ecofeminism 21
Brief Introduction to Ecofeminism
The Reversal of Conventional Gender Identities
Relationship between Man and Woman
Relationship between Human and Nature

Chapter Three: Jake’s Journey into Being a New Man 31
Trout-fishing Trip
Bullfight Trip
On The Novel's Book III: Swimming Epiphanies
The Effects of these Epiphanies

Chapter Four: Brett’s Journey toward Being a New Woman 59
Controversy and Accusation on Brett
A Defense for Brett
The Social Background for the Rise of the New Women Like Brett
Brett’ Journey between Men

Conclusion 81

Works Cited 83

Works Cited

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