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研究生:陳儀婕
研究生(外文):Chen, I-Chieh
論文名稱:憂鬱內隱聯結測驗的發展
論文名稱(外文):The Development of Depressive Implicit Association Test
指導教授:邱發忠邱發忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiu, Fa-Chung
口試委員:李嘉富劉政宏
口試委員(外文):Lee, Jia-FuLiu, Cheng-Hong
口試日期:2010-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學政治作戰學院
系所名稱:心理碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:自尊自尊內隱聯結測驗憂鬱憂鬱內隱聯結測驗憂鬱症
外文關鍵詞:self-esteemself-esteem implicit association testdepressiondepression implicit association testdepressive disorder
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憂鬱症已是二十一世紀的三大疾病之一,如何對憂鬱症狀做早期診斷以利預防和治療,一直是臨床研究者極欲努力的目標。目前,已有許多外顯式的憂鬱自陳量表被發展,它能測到個體外顯的憂鬱傾向,但是否同樣能對內隱的憂鬱傾向做出評估則尚待檢驗,因此本研究之目的在設計憂鬱內隱聯結測驗 (Implicit Association Test, IAT),並同時探究內隱、外顯憂鬱及內隱、外顯自尊間的關係。研究一以42名憂鬱與40名非憂鬱個案為參與者,對其施測內隱、外顯憂鬱及內隱、外顯自尊測量,俾以檢驗憂鬱IAT的信效度。研究結果顯示,研究一中只有憂鬱IAT能區辨組別差異,具有效標關聯效度,自尊IAT並無法區辨出組別效標的差異。研究二以隨機方式挑選84名國防大學二、三年級學生為研究對象,操弄正、負向作業回饋以誘發其正、負向情緒,俾觀察其在內隱、外顯憂鬱及內隱與外顯自尊IAT上的表現,俾以檢驗內隱憂鬱IAT的效度。研究結果顯示,研究二在誘發負向情緒後,只有憂鬱IAT可以偵測出正負向回饋的處理,而自尊IAT及外顯憂鬱量表卻無法偵測出正負向回饋效果的差異。綜合以上結果可知,憂鬱IAT是一個有效的內隱憂鬱測量工具。
Depressive disorder has been one of the three main diseases of the 21st century. Therefore, Clinical researchers attempt to early diagnosis in order to do prevention and therapy. There are many explicit self-report inventories which could predict individual explicit depression tendency are developed in nowadays. However, it is still underexamined if the inventory able to assess implicit depression tendency. The aim of this research is to design depressive implicit association test (depression IAT) and also to investigate the relationship between implicit/explicit depression and implicit/explicit self-esteem. The first research consists of 42 depression samples and 40 non-depression samples use implicit/explicit depression and implicit/explicit self-esteem test, to examine the reliability and validity of depression IAT. The results of first research show that only depression IAT has criterion-related validity, self-esteem IAT cannot discriminate difference between the depression and non-depression group. The second research select 84 second year and third years students of National Defense University randomly, give them positive and negative feedback to induce different emotions, observed in the performance of implicit/explicit depression and implicit/explicit self-esteem, to examine the validity of depression IAT. The results of second research show that when induced the negative emotion, only depression IAT could discriminate the difference between positive and negative feedback, but self-esteem IAT and explicit depression inventory could not. In conclusion, depression IAT is an effective implicit depression assessment tool.
致謝 III
摘要 IV
目次 VI
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 憂鬱的定義 5
第二節 憂鬱病因理論介紹 6
第三節 內隱與外顯認知 13
第四節 憂鬱的內隱與外顯測量 18
第五節 本研究概觀 31
第三章 研究一 32
第一節 研究方法 32
第二節 研究結果與討論 40
第四章 研究二 46
第一節 研究方法 46
第二節 研究結果 50
第五章 綜合討論 54
第一節 研究結果摘要 54
第二節 研究結果意涵 55
第三節 研究限制 60
第四節 未來研究建議 60
第五節 研究結果應用 61
參考文獻 62
附錄一 外顯自尊量表與外顯憂鬱量表 67
附錄二 正負向詞彙選定 68
附錄三 「自我相關」基本資料 69
附錄四 憂鬱詞彙評定問卷 70
附錄五 操弄檢核之憂鬱與正向詞彙 74
附錄六 回饋作業 75
附錄七 研究計劃審查同意函 78
附錄八 受訪同意書 79

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