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研究生:游知穎
研究生(外文):Yu, Chih-Yin
論文名稱:心理距離對擇偶時愛情偏好之影響:建構層次論觀點
論文名稱(外文):The effect of psychological distance on love preference of mate choice: A construal level perspective
指導教授:顏志龍顏志龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yen, Chih-Long
口試委員:劉政宏邱發忠
口試委員(外文):Liu, Cheng-HongChiu, Fa-Chung
口試日期:2011-05-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學政治作戰學院
系所名稱:心理碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:婚姻性別差異擇偶偏好建構水準結婚
外文關鍵詞:construal-levelgender differencesmate preferencemarriage
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本研究以「建構層次論」 (Construal Level Theory)作為研究推論的基礎,探討不同的心理距離(psychological distance)是否對於擇偶時愛情偏好有所影響。根據建構層次論,個體所認知到的心理距離之遠近,會影響個體對此事物建構層次之高低;當心理距離遠時,個體傾向使用概括、抽象的方式來建構資訊,而心理距離近時,個體會使用比較細緻、具體的方式來建構資訊;此種心理距離對知識的建構影響人們日常生活甚大。因此,本研究探討心理距離遠近是否會影響人在擇偶時的愛情偏好,由於愛情是一個較為抽象的建構,本研究假設心理距離遠時,個體擇偶時的愛情偏好會高於心理距離近時。共執行二個研究:研究ㄧ (N = 61) 將受試者隨機分派至遠∕近心理距離(時間距離)之情境,繼之測量擇偶時的愛情偏好。研究二 (N = 80) 除修改依變項測量、自變項操弄方式等實驗工具外,其程序、測量同實驗一。二個研究結果均顯示心理距離對擇偶時愛情偏好的主要效果未達顯著,因此本研究之假設並未獲得支持;然而額外發現性別對擇偶時愛情偏好有影響,男性似乎比女性更在乎愛情偏好。
Construal Level Theory (CLT) proposes that induction of distant-future should lead to activation of high-level construals (which capture global, superordinate, primary features of an event), while induction of near-future should lead to activation of low-level construals (which capture local, subordinate, secondary features). Based on these propositions, the present research explored the effect of psychological distance on love preference of mate choice. Since love is an abstract construct, this research proposes that, when considering mate choice, people in a distant psychological distance should lead to greater love preference than in a near psychological distance. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, sixty-one college students were assigned to distant∕near future conditions, and then measured their love preference of mate choice. In Study 2 ( N = 80 ), the procedure is almost identical to Study 1 except using a different type of psychological distance manipulation and dependent measures.. In both studies, no significant effect of psychological distance on love preference was found. In addition, marginal effects of gender on love preference were found, which indicated that males show a stronger tendency of love preference than females in mate choice.
謝辭 I
摘要 II
目次 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 建構層次理論與心理距離 4
第二節 擇偶理論 8
第三節 愛情與擇偶 11
第四節 心理距離對擇偶偏好的影響 18
第五節 研究焦點 20
第三章 前導研究 21
第一節 前導研究一 21
第二節 前導研究二 35
第四章 正式研究一 40
第一節 研究方法 40
第二節 研究結果 46
第三節 討論 52
第五章 正式研究二 54
第一節 研究方法 54
第二節 研究結果 59
第三節 討論 63
第六章 綜合討論 64
第一節 研究摘述 64
第二節 討論 65
第三節 研究限制與建議 71
參考文獻 73
附錄一: 77
附錄二: 83
附錄三: 87
附錄四: 94
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