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研究生:陳梓偉
研究生(外文):Tzu-Wei Chen
論文名稱:結合TRIZ發明法則、技術演進模式與自然物種實例於產品設計之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on Product Design by Harmonizing TRIZ Inventive Principles, Technical Evolution Patterns and Natural Species Instances
指導教授:陳合進陳合進引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ho-Chin Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:樹德科技大學
系所名稱:應用設計研究所
學門:設計學門
學類:綜合設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2011
畢業學年度:99
語文別:英文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:TRIZ發明法則技術演進模式自然物種案例式推理仿生設計
外文關鍵詞:TRIZ inventive PrinciplesTechnical Evolution PatternsNatural SpeciesCase-Based ReasoningBionic Design
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為了能適應現今環境中的快速步調,人類不斷地追求創新,並且不斷發展創新設計方法。本研究結合TRIZ發明法則、技術演進模式與自然物種實例,透過先尋找三者間對應之關係,再收集、分析產品與自然物種案例,增強彼此間之關聯性,並以此協助產品設計。此外,本研究亦建構一個以網路為基礎,內含各種實際案例之電腦輔助工具「TRIZonicle」設計工具,將上述概念具體化。該工具將產品與自然案例分類並匯入資料庫,讓使用者可透過「案例為基礎式推理(Case-Based Reasoning, CBR)」之概念檢索與獲取現有案例,並從中得到設計靈感。TRIZonicle可謂一個仿生設計諮詢系統,可縮短創新時程、破解設計時之疑難與瓶頸,並預測新世代產品之發展趨勢。本研究以「螺旋型隔音牆」作為設計案例,成功地驗證所提出之想法與工具確實可用於產品概念設計。

Mankind’s search for new inventions is unceasing. In order to cope with today’s fast changing pace, new innovative design methods are developed constantly. The essence of this research is to harmonize the TRIZ Innovative Principles, Technical Evolution Patterns and Natural Species Instances through discovering the links among these three pillars respectively. These links are then amplified by collecting and analyzing products and nature’s examples. The product’s and nature’s examples could be stored into the database after artificial classifying, and they would be retrieved afterwards for new design inspiration through a CBR (Case-Based Reasoning) concept approach. For making the above-mentioned idea practical, a web-based computer-aided tool “TRIZonicle Design Tool” is developed with various real examples. The TRIZonicle Design Tool is a successful Bionic Design consulting system that can shorten the innovative process, breaking the choke point of design problem and forecast the trend of the next generation product development. Further, a new design case is presented by the proposal of the Swirl-Shaped Sound Barrier, which demonstrates the feasibility and reliability of the TRIZonicle Design Tool.

Abstract i
Chinese Abstract ii
Acknowledgement iii
Contents v
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
Discription of Symbols x

I. Introduction 1
1.1. Background 1
1.2. Motivation and Purpose 3
1.3. Framework 4

II. Literature Review 7
2.1. Classical TRIZ 7
2.1.1. Contradiction Matrix 8
2.1.2. Patterns of Technological Systems Evolution 11
2.2. Bionic Design 15
2.2.1. Observational Bionic Design 16
2.2.2. Numeral Bionic Design 19
2.3. Current Fusion of TRIZ and Bionic Design 22
2.4. Case-Based Reasoning 24
2.5. Summary 26

III. Product Design Consultation by Harmonizing TRIZ Inventive Principles, Technical Evolution Patterns and Natural Species Instances 27
3.1. Procedure of Research 27
3.2. Relationship between TRIZ Ineventive Principles, Technical Evolution Patterns and Natural Species Instances 30
3.2.1. Links between Natural Species Instances and TRIZ Inventive Principles 30
3.2.2. Links between Technical Evolution Patterns and TRIZ Inventive Principles 34
3.2.3. Links between Technical Evolution Patterns and Natural Species Instances 38
3.3. Application of Case-Based Reasoning Concept 40
3.4. Summary 42

IV. Computer Application: the TRIZonicle Design Tool 43
4.1. Construction of TRIZonicle Design Tool 43
4.2. Application: Swirl-Shaped Sound Barrier by TRIZonicle Design Tool 47
4.2.1. Current Sound Barriers 47
4.2.2. Inspiration by TRIZonicle Design Tool 48
4.2.3. New Design and Prototype 53

V. Conclusion 59
5.1. Main Findings 59
5.2. Contributions 60
5.3. Future Suggestions 60

References 63
Appendix I 71
Appendix II 81
Appendix III 91
Appendix IV 101
Appendix V 105
Appendix VI 111

Books:
Adam, J.A. (2003), Mathematics in Nature: Modeling Patterns in the Natural World, Princeton University Press, NJ, Princeton.
Altshuller, G.S. (1996), And Suddenly the Inventor Appeared: TRIZ, The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, Technical Innovation Center, MA, Worcester.
Altshuller, G.S. (1997), 40 Principles: Triz Keys to Technical Innovation, Technical Innovation Center, MA, Worcester.
Altshuller, G.S. (1999), The Innovation Algorithm, Technical Innovation Center, MA, Worcester.
Anestis, M. (2006), AP Biology, McGraw-Hill Companies, New York.
Benyus, J.M. (1997), Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, William Morrow, New York.
Chang, H.-T. (2004), “The Study of Eco-Innovative Design Integrating TRIZ with Extension Method,” Doctoral Dissertation, National Cheng Kung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Clausing, D. & Fey, V. (2004), Effective Innovation: The Development of Wining Technologies, ASME Press, New York.
Fey, V. & Rivin E.I. (2005), Innovation on Demand, Cambridge University Press, UK.
Goldberg, D.T. (2010), Barron’s AP Biology, Barron''s Educational Series, New York.
Goujon, P. (2001), From Biotechnology to Genomes: the Meaning of the Double Helix, World Scientific Publishing, Denvers, MA.
Mann, D.L. (2002b), Hands-on Systematic Innovation, Creax Press, Ieper, Belgium.
Mayr, E. (1982), The Growth of Biological Thought, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. & London, U.K.
Mayr, E. (2002), What Evolution Is, Basic Books, New York.
Michalko, M. (1998), Cracking Creativity: The Secrets of Creative Genius, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA.
Rantanen, K. & Domb, E. (2007), Simplified TRIZ: New Problem-Solving Applications for Engineers and Manufacturing Professionals, Taylor & Francis Ltd., London, U.K.
Savransky, S.D. (2000), Engineering of Creativity, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Salamatov, Y. (1999), TRIZ: The Right Solution at the Right Time, Insytec B. V., Netherlands.
Svetinovic, D. & Godfrey, M. (2001) Attribute-Based SoftwareEvolution: Patterns and Product Line Forecasting, Software Architecture Group, University of Waterloo, Canada.
Terninko, J., Zusman, A. & Zlotin, B. (1998), Systematic Innovation: An Introduction to TRIZ, St. Lucie Press, Boca Raton.
Timokhov, V.I. (2002), Natural Innovation: Examples of Creative Problem Solving in Biology, Ecology and TRIZ, Creax Press, Ieper, Belgium.
Tsen, C.-T., Huang, W.-Y., Lai, W.-S., Yu, T., Chang, E., Chang, S., Chang, K., Lin, Y., Chung, P & Hsu, F. (2005), The Research of the Field Test Method for Determining the Insertion Loss of Outdoor Noise Barriers, Institute of Transportation Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Taipei, Taiwan.
Well, J. & Sjogren J.F. (2000), Icons of evolution: Science or Myth?: Why Much of What We Teach About Evolution is Wrong, Regnery Publishing, Washington, DC.
Vogel, S. (2000), Cats’ Paws and Catapults: Mechanical Worlds of Nature and People, W. W. Norton & Company, New York.

Journal Papers:
Chang H.-T. & Chen, J.L. (2003a), “Eco-innovative examples for 40 TRIZ inventive principles,” The TRIZ Journal, August. (http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2003/08/a/01.pdf)
Chang H.-T. & Chen, J.L. (2004), “The conflict-problem-solving CAD software integrating TRIZ into eco-innovation,” Journal of the Advance in Engineering Software, Vol. 35, pp.553-566.
Haque, B.U., Belecheanu, R.A., Barson, R.J. & Pawar K.S. (2000), “Towards the application of case based reasoning to decision-making in concurrent product development (concurrent engineering),” Knowledge-Based Systems, Vol. 13, No. 2-3, pp. 101-112.
Hua, Z., Yang, J., Coulibaly, S. & Zhang, B (2006), “Integration TRIZ with problem-solving tools: a literature review from 1995 to 2006,” International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, Vol. 1, No. 1/2, pp. 111-128.
Jung, S., Lim, T. & Kim, D. (2009) “Integrating radial basis function networks with case-based reasoning for product design,” Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 5695-5701.
Lee, Y. & Joo, C. (2003), “Sound absorption properties of recycled polyester fibrous assembly absorbers,” AUTEX Reasearch Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 78-84.
Liu, G. P., Xuan, Y. M., & Han, Y. G. (2006), “Structure-color characteristic of morpho butterfly,” Acta Laser Biology Sinica, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 511-514.
Livotov, P. (2004). “The undervalued innovation potential,” The TRIZ Journal, April. (http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2004/03/2004-03-06.pdf)
Mann, D.L. (1999), “Creativity as an exact (biomimetic) science,” The TRIZ
Journal, November.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/1999/11/c/index.htm)
Mann, D.L. (2002a) “Assessing the accuracy of the contradiction matrix for recent mechanical inventions,” The TRIZ Journal, February.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2002/02/e/index.htm)
Mann, D.L. & Dewulf, S. (2002) Evolving the World’s Systematic Creativity Methods, The TRIZ Journal, April.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2002/04/c/03.pdf)
Mann, D.L. (2003), “Better technology forecasting using systematic innovation methods,” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 70, No. 8, pp.779-795.
Robles, F.C., Rodriguez, A.M., Negny, S. & LeLann, J.M. (2011), “The TRIZ-CBR synergy: a knowledge based innovation process,” International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 233-246.
Slocum, M.S. (2009), “Use the Eight Patterns of Evolution to Innovate,” The TRIZ Journal, April. (http://www.triz-journal.com/content/c070806a.asp)
Slocum, M.S. & Lundberg C.O. (2007), “Case Study: Using TRIZ to Forecast Technology”, The TRIZ Journal, May.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/content/c070507a.asp)
Verhaegen, P.A., Hondt, J.D., Vertommen, J., Dewulf, S., & Duflou, J.R. (2009), “Relating properties and functions from patents to TRIZ trends,” CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 126-130.
Vincent, J., Bogatyreva, O., Pahl, A., Bogatyrev, A. & Bowyer, A. (2005), “Putting biology into TRIZ: a database of biological effects,” The Journal of Creativity and Innovation Management, Volume 4, No. 1. 66-72.
Watson, I. & Marir F. (1994) “Case-based reasoning: a review,” The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol.19, No. 4, pp. 355-381.
Yang, C.-J. & Chen, J.L. (2011), “Accelerating preliminary eco-innovation design for products that integrates case-based reasoning and TRIZ method,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 19, No. 9-10. pp. 998-1006.
You, C.-F., Tsai, Y.-L. & Liu K.-Y. (2009), “Representation and similarity assessment in case-based process planning and die design for manufacturing automotive panels,” International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 51, No. 1-4, pp. 297-310.
Zhang, D.-M., Liao, W.-H., Cheng X.-S., Guo, Y. & An, S.-X. (2009), “An Enhanced Product Representation Model and Multi-Level Case Base for Rapid Product Development,” Materials Science Forum, Vol. 628-629, pp. 191-196.
Zlotin, B., Zusman, A., Kaplan, L., Visnepolschi, S., Proseanic, V. & Malkin, S. (2001), “TRIZ beyond technology: the theory and practice of applying TRIZ to non-technical areas,” TRIZ Journal, January.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/01/f/index.htm)
Zlotin, B. & Zusman, A. (2006), “Patterns of Evolution: Recent Findings on Structure and Origin,” TRIZ Journal, April.
(http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2006/09/04.pdf)

Conference Papers:
Blosiu, J.O. & Blosiu, C.J., (2000) “Perfection, ideality, and technology road map as measured by a sliding scale (technology creativity metrics),” Proceedings of 2000 IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology, pp. 321-326, Singapore, November 12-15.
Bogatyrev, N.R. and Bogatyreva O.A. (2003), “Triz and biology: rules and restrictions,” TRIZCON 2003, Altshuller Institute, Philadelphia, PA, March 16-18.
Bogatyreva, O.A., Pahl, A.-K., & Vincent, J. (2002), “Enriching TRIZ with biology: the biological effects database and implications for Teleology and epistemology,” Proceedings of ETRIA World Conference 2002, Strasbourg, France, November 6-8, pp. 3-1 - 3-7.
Bogatyreva, O. A., Pahl, A.-K., Bowyer, A. & Vincent, J. (2003), “Data gathering for putting biology in TRIZ,” TRIZCON 2003, Altshuller Institute, Philadelphia, PA, March 16-18.
Chang, H.-T. (2006), “A research from the evolution perspective to develop and predict green product design,” 2006 Symposium on Sustainable Products and Industrial Management, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.
Chang H.-T. & Chen, J.L. (2003b), “An eco-innovative design method based on design around approach,” Third International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Ecodesign03, Tokyo, Japan, December 8-11.
Chen, J.L. & Andrew, H. L. (2006), “A life cycle concept based eco-innovative method by TRIZ rools,” International Congress of Electronics Goes Green, CARE INNOVATION’2006, Vienna, November 13-15.
Chen, J.L. & Liu, C.-C. (2002), “Green innovation design of products by TRIZ inventive principles and green evolution rules,” 2002 International CIRP Design Seminar, Hong Kong, May 16-18.
Chen, J.L. & Liu, C.-C. (2003), “An eco-innovative design method by green QFD and TRIZ rools,” International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED03, Stockholm, Sweden, August 19-21.
Hipple, J. (2003) “The integration of TRIZ problem solving techniques with other problem solving and assessment tools,” TRIZCON 2003, Altshuller Institute, Philadelphia, PA, March 16-18.
Turner, J.S & Soar R.C. (2008), “Beyond biomimicry: what termites can tell us about realizing the living building,” Proceeding of First International Conference on Industrialized, Intelligent Construction(I3CON), Loughborough University, Loughborough, U.K., pp. 221-237.

Magazine Articles:
Day, R. (1994). “New tone for tunes,” Popular mechanics, Vol. 171, No. 10, pp. 114-116.
Mueller T. (2008), “Biomimetics: design by nature,” National geographic. Vol. 213, No. 4, pp. 68-91.
Schultz, R. (2003). “Alpha transmission lines,” Audioxpress, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 34-45.

DVD Programs:
Nicholls S., & Vendl A. (Directors) (2006a), “Magic of Motion,” NatureTech., British Broadcasting Corporation, U.K.
Nicholls S., & Vendl A. (Directors) (2006b), “The Material World”, NatureTech., British Broadcasting Corporation, U.K.
Nicholls S., & Vendl A. (Directors) (2006c), “Life Power,” NatureTech., British Broadcasting Corporation, U.K.

Websites:
Karasik, Y.B. (1999) “What is it TRIZ?” http://www3.sympatico.ca/karasik/triz.html.
Matsui, K. (2010). “Natural ventilation: a breath of knowledge from termites,” http://myportfolio.usc.edu/kentarom/2010/09/termites_friend_or_foe.html.
Moran, M. (2005, January, 14), “Are you innovative?,” http://it.toolbox.com/blogs/matthewmoran/are-you-innovative-2783.

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